Francis Crick

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Francis Crick From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Francis Crick Francis Crick June 8, 1916 Weston Favell, Northamptonshire, England 28 July 2004 (aged 88) San Diego, California, U.S. Colon cancer UK, U.S. British Physics, Molecular biology Institute for the Furtherment of Genetic Studies University College London University of Cambridge Max Perutz DNA structure, consciousness Nobel Prize (1962) Signature Born Died Residence Nationality Fields Institutions Alma mater Doctoral advisor Known f
  Francis Crick From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Francis Crick Francis Crick  Born June 8, 1916Weston Favell, Northamptonshire,  England Died 28 July 2004 (aged 88)San Diego, California,U.S. Colon cancer Residence UK, U.S. Nationality British Fields Physics, Molecular biology  Institutions Institute for the Furtherment of Genetic Studies Alma mater   University College London University of Cambridge  Doctoraladvisor Max Perutz Known for DNA structure, consciousness  Notableawards Nobel Prize (1962) Signature   Francis Harry Compton Crick  OM FRS (8 June 1916  –  28 July 2004) was an English  molecular biologist, biophysicist,and neuroscientist,and most noted for being one of two co- discoverers of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953, together with James D. Watson.He, Watson and Maurice Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine  for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of  nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material . [1]  Crick was an important theoretical molecular biologist and played a crucial role in research related to revealing the genetic code .He is widely known for use of the term“ central dogma ”to  summarize an idea that genetic information flow in cells is essentially one-way, from DNA to RNA to protein. [2]  During the remainder of his career, he held the post of J.W. Kieckhefer Distinguished ResearchProfessor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California.His later research centered on theoretical neurobiology and attempts to advance the scientific study of human consciousness. He remained in this post until his death; he was editing a manuscript on hisdeath bed, a scientist until the bitter end according to Christof Koch. [3]   James D. Watson From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaFor other people named James Watson, see James Watson (disambiguation).  James Dewey Watson James Dewey Watson Born April 6, 1928 (age 83)Chicago, United States  Nationality American   Fields Genetics   Institutions Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Harvard University University of Cambridge National Institutes of Health  Alma mater   University of Chicago Indiana University  Doctoraladvisor Salvador Luria   Known for DNA structure Molecular biology  Notableawards Nobel Prize for Physiology orMedicine  (1962)  Copley Medal  (1993) [1]   Spouse Elizabeth Watson (née Lewis)   Signature    James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, geneticist,and zoologist,best known as one of the discoverers of the structure of  DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick .Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine  for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of  nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material . [2]  After studies at the University of  Chicago and Indiana University,he worked at the University of Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory in England, where he first met his future collaborator and friend Francis Crick .  In 1956, Watson became a junior member of  Harvard University's Biological Laboratories, holding this position until 1976, promoting research in molecular biology. Between 1988 and1992, Watson was associated with the National Institutes of Health,helping to establish the Human Genome Project.Watson has written many science books, including the textbook  The Molecular Biology of the Gene (1965) and his bestselling book   The Double Helix  (1968) aboutthe DNA structure discovery.From 1968 he served as director of  Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) on Long Island, New York ,greatly expanding its level of funding and research. At CSHL, he shifted his researchemphasis to the study of  cancer.In 1994, he started as president and served for 10 years. He was appointed chancellor, serving until 2007, when he resigned due to a controversial comment madeduring an interview. [3]   Gregor Mendel From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gregor Johann Mendel Born July 20, 1822Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire,current Czech Republic  Died January 6, 1884 (aged 61)Brno, Moravia, Austria-Hungary  Nationality Empire of Austria-Hungary Fields Genetics   Institutions Abbey of St. Thomas in Brno   Almamater   University of Olomouc University of Vienna  Known for Discovering genetics  Gregor Johann Mendel (July 20, 1822 [1]    –  January 6, 1884) was an Austrian [2]  scientist andAugustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the new science of  genetics.  Mendel demonstrated that the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants follows particular  patterns, now referred to as the laws of  Mendelian inheritance.Although the significance of  Mendel's work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th century, the independent rediscoveryof these laws formed the foundation of the modern science of genetics. [3]  
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