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1. A Development Team asks their Product Owner to re-order the Product Backlog. The team is waiting for an external supplier to deliver a specific software component. Without that component there won't be enough work in the next Sprint to occupy the full team. The Product Owner asks the Scrum Master for help. What would be good advice to give the Product Owner? 1. Tell the Product Owner to re-order the Product Backlog so the work involving the external component can be planned in
  1. A Development Team asks their Product Owner to re-order the Product Backlog. The team is waiting for an external supplier to deliver a specific software component. Without that component there won't be enough work in the next Sprint to occupy the full team. The Product Owner asks the Scrum Master for help. What would be good advice to give the Product Owner? 1.   Tell the Product Owner to re-order the Product Backlog so the work involving the external component can be planned in a separate sprint. 2.   Tell the Product Owner that the Product Backlog should be ordered to maximize utilization of the Development Team. 3.   Tell the Product Owner that his primary concern is the flow of value reflected in the ordering of the Product Backlog. Answer: 1 2. A Development Team is required to deliver a done Increment by the end of a Sprint. Select two statements that explain what 'done' means. 1.   Whatever the Product Owner defines as quality. 2.   Ready for integration 3.   All work the Development Team is willing to do 4.   No work left from the definition of 'Done' 5.   All work to create software that is ready to be released to end users. Answer: 4,5 3. A Development Team selects a set of Product Backlog items for a Sprint Backlog with the intent to get the selected items Done by the end of the Sprint. Which three phrases best describe the purpose of a definition of Done ? 1.   It controls whether the developers have performed their tasks. 2.   It defines what it takes for an Increment to be ready for release. 3.   It guides the Development Team in creating a forecast at the Sprint Planning. 4.   It provides a template for elements that need to be included in the technical documentation. 5.   It creates transparency over the work inspected at the Sprint Review. 6.   It tracks the percent completeness of a Product Backlog item. Answer: 2,3,5 4. A member of the Development Team takes the Scrum Master aside to express his concerns about data security issues. What should the Scrum Master do? 1.   Go check with the testers. 2.   Ask the person to share the issue with the team as soon as possible. 3.   Add security to the definition of 'Done'. 4.   Create a Product Backlog item for security. 5.   Tell the Product Owner to stop further development of features until the issues are fixed. Answer: 2 5. A new developer is having continuing conflicts with existing Development Team members and creating a hostile environment. If necessary, who is responsible for removing the team member? 1.   The Product Owner is responsible, because he/she controls the return on investment (ROI). 2.   The hiring manager is responsible, because he/she hired the developer. 3.   The Scrum Master is responsible, because he/she removes Impediments. 4.   The Development Team is responsible, and may need help from the Scrum Master. Answer: 4 6. A product Increment must be released to production at the end of each Sprint. 1.   True. 2.   False. Answer: 2  7. A Product Owner wants advice from the Scrum Master about estimating work in Scrum. Which of these is the guideline that a Scrum Master should give? 1.   Estimates are made by the Product Owner, but are best checked with the Development Team. 2.   Estimates must be in relative units. 3.   Scrum forbids estimating. 4.   Product Backlog items must be estimated in story points. 5.   Estimates are made by the Development Team. Answer: 5   8. A properly functioning Scrum Team will have at least one Release Sprint and may well have several. 1.   True. 2.   False. Answer: 2 9. A Scrum Master is introducing Scrum to a new Development Team. The Development Team has decided that a retrospective is unnecessary. What action should the Scrum Master take? 1.   Consult with the Product Owner to see how he/she feels about the situation. 2.   Comply with the decision of the self-organizing team. 3.   Begin facilitating productive and useful retrospectives. 4.   Call a meeting between the Development Team and senior management. Answer: 3 10. A Scrum Master is keeping a list of open impediments, but it is growing and he/she has been able to resolve only a small portion of the impediments. Which three techniques would be most helpful in this situation? 1.   Alerting management to the impediments and their impact. 2.   Prioritizing the list and working on them in order. 3.   Arranging a triage meeting with all project managers. 4.   Consulting with the Development Team. Answer: 1,2,4 11. A Scrum Master is working with a Development Team that has members in different physical locations. The Development Team meets in a variety of meeting rooms and has much to do logistically (for example, set up conference calls) before the Daily Scrum. What action should the Scrum Master take? 1.   Set up the meeting and tell the Development Team that is how it will be done. 2.   Ask the Development Team members to alternate who is responsible for meeting setup. 3.   Inform management and ask them to solve it. 4.   Allow the Development Team to self-manage and determine for itself what to do. Answer: 4 12. A Scrum Team has been working on a product for nine Sprints. A new Product Owner comes in, understanding he is accountable for the Product Backlog. However, he is unsure about his responsibilities. Which two activities are part of the Product Owner role according to Scrum? 1.   Describing features as Use Cases. 2.   Creating detailed functional test cases. 3.   Ensuring that the most valuable functionality is produced first, at all times. 4.   Interacting with stakeholders. 5.   Providing the Development Team with detailed specifications. Answer: 4,5  13. A Scrum Team is only allowed to meet with stakeholders during Sprint Review. 1.   True. 2.   False. Answer: 2 14. An important pillar of Scrum is the management principle of self-organization. Select two ways that time-boxing promotes self-organization. 1.   Time-boxes eliminate politics and bureaucracy. 2.   Time-boxes help everyone focus on the same problem at the same time. 3.   Time-boxes do not allow enough time for stringent processes or meeting overhead. 4.   Time-boxing protects the Development Team from the Product Owner so developers can actually focus. 5.   Teams can determine on their own how much overtime is acceptable for a time-box, generally expressed as a percentage of the time-box. 6.   Time-boxes encourage the people who are closest to the problem to create the best possible result in the time allotted, given the current context. Answer: 2,6 15. As the Development Team starts work during the Sprint, it realizes it has selected too much work to finish in the Sprint. What should it do? 1.   Inform the Product Owner at the Sprint Review, but prior to the demonstration. 2.   Reduce the definition of Done and get all of the Product Backlog items done by the new definition. 3.   As soon as possible in the Sprint, work with the Product Owner to remove some work or Product Backlog items. 4.   Find another Scrum Team to give the excess work to. Answer: 3 16. As the Sprint Planning meeting progresses, the Development Team sees that the workload is greater than they can handle. Which two are valid actions? 1.   The Development Team ensures that the Product Owner is aware, starts the Sprint, and monitors progress. 2.   Cancel the Sprint. 3.   The Development Team works overtime during this Sprint. 4.   Remove or change selected Product Backlog items. 5.   Recruit additional Development Team members before the work can begin. Answer: 1,4 17. At the end of a Sprint a Product Backlog item worked on during the Sprint does not meet the definition of Done . What two things should happen with the undone Product Backlog item? 1.   Do not include the item in the Increment this Sprint. 2.   Review the item, add the Done part of the estimate to the velocity and create a Story for the remaining work. 3.   If the stakeholders agree, the Product Owner can accept it and release it to the users. 4.   Put it on the Product Backlog for the Product Owner to decide what to do with it. Answer: 1,4 18. Choose two responsibilities of a self-organizing Development Team. 1.   Increase velocity. 2.   Do the work planned in the Sprint Backlog. 3.   Report daily progress to stakeholders. 4.   Pull Product Backlog items for the Sprint. 5.   Reorder the Product Backlog. Answer: 2,4  19. Cross-functional teams are optimized to work on one technical layer of a system only (e.g. GUI, database, middle tier, interfaces). 1.   True. 2.   False. Answer: 2 20. Does Scrum have a role called Project Manager ? 1.   Yes. 2.   No. Answer: 2 21. During a Sprint Retrospective, for what is the Product Owner responsible? 1.   Capturing requirements for the Product Backlog. 2.   Participating as a Scrum Team member. 3.   Summarizing and reporting the discussions to the stakeholders that he/she represents in the Scrum Team. 4.   The Product Owner should not take part in Sprint Retrospectives. Answer: 2 22. During a Sprint Retrospective, for what is the Scrum Master responsible? 1.   Summarizing and reporting the discussions to management. 2.   Participating as a Scrum team member and facilitating as requested or needed. 3.   Prioritizing the resulting action items. 4.   Acting as a scribe to capture the Development Team's answers. Answer: 2 23. During a Sprint Retrospective, the Development Team proposes moving the Daily Scrum to only occur on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Which two are the most appropriate responses for the Scrum Master? 1.   Have the developers vote. 2.   Coach the team on why the Daily Scrum is important as an opportunity to update the plan. 3.   Acknowledge and support the self-orga nizing team’s decision.  4.   Consider the request and decide on which days the Daily Scrum should occur. 5.   Learn why the Development Team wants this and work with them to improve the outcome of the Daily Scrum. Answer: 2,5 24. During the Sprint, the Scrum Master's role is to do which two of the following: 1.   Assign tasks with the Scrum team. 2.   Ensure the Product Owner attends all Scrum events. 3.   Escalate team conflicts to functional line managers. 4.   Remove impediments. 5.   Facilitate inspection and adaptation opportunities as requested or needed. 6.   Monitor the progress of the Development Team. Answer: 4,5 25. Every Development Team should have: 1.   One Lead Developer and no more than 8 other members. 2.   The competencies and skills needed to deliver a Done Increment in a Sprint. 3.   At least one representative from each major software engineering discipline (like QA, Dev, UX). Answer: 2
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