1. Aborsi ... Ratna Winahyu Lestari Dewi Dan Suhandi (April 2011)

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Aborsi bagi Korban Pemerkosaan dalam Perspektif Etika ... Volume XVI No. 2 Tahun 2011 Edisi April PERSPEKTIF ABORSI BAGI KORBAN PEMERKOSAAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF ETIKA PROFESI KEDOKTERAN, HUKUM ISLAM DAN PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN Ratna Winahyu Lestari Dewi Suhandi Fakultas Hukum Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya e-mail: suhandi_fh@gmail.com ABSTRAK Aborsi adalah masalah klasik dalam dunia kesehatan yang selalu menimbulkan perdebatan sepanjang zaman. Dari segi istilah aborsi berarti pengakhiran
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  ;7  U   O]XUOJWFD  T`bio QTF L`, = Wnal =5>> Ogfxf Nu}fb NM@]XF MNKF J@]MNL UOIO]J@XNNLGNBNI UO]XUOJWFD OWFJN U]@DOXF JOG@JWO]NL A_J_I FXBNI GNL UO]NW_]NL UO]_LGNLK)_LGNLKNL ]nwln [flnavu Boxwn}f Go{fXuanlgf Dnjbwnx Aji _lfto}xfwnx [fcnvn Jxin X}nmnvn o)infb  3 xanlgfPdaEkinfb,h`i NMXW]NJ  Nm`}xf ngnbna inxnbna jbnxfj gnbni glfn joxoanwnl vnlk xobnb iolfimbjnl uo}gomnwnl xounlcnlksninl, Gn}f xokf fxwfbna nm`}xf mo}n}wf uolknjaf}nl joanifbnl xomobi cnlfl fw gnunw wima gfbn} wmafmlvn, Nm`}xf gfmognjnl iolcngf gn vnfw nm`}xf xu`lwnl gnl nm`}xf mnwnl, Nm`}xf mnwnl gfmnkf bnkf mo}gnxn}jnl nbnxnllvn vnfw nm`}xf j}fiflnbfx gnl nm`}xf iogfxflnbfx, Xobnin flf nm`}xf ungn jnxx j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl gfnlkknu xomnknf wflgnj jocnanwnl, Lnil golknl mo}bnjlvn __ L`, 84 Wal, =556 wolwnlkJoxoanwnl nm`}xf mnkf j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl wobna gfboknbfxnxf, Joimnbf inxnbna flf iolcngf j`lw}`to}xfgnl iolfimbjnl u}` gnl j`lw}n uolgnunw gnbni iolvfjnuflvn, Wbfxnl flf njnl ioimnanx wolwnlknm`}xf gnbni mo}mnknf uo}xuojwfd vnfw owfjn u}`doxf jog`jwo}nl aji Fxbni gnl uo}nw}nl uo}lgnlk)lgnlknl gf Flg`loxfn, Gnl nm`}xf mnkf j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl ioinlk mnknf xoimfb mo}inwn gn,Wolnkn joxoanwnl vnlk gfangnujnl ungn xfwnxf wo}xomw njnl iolknbnif gfboin, Iobnjjnl nm`}xf njnlgfaji wfgnj iobnjjnl nm`}xf injn cf{n xnlk fm anifb vnlk cngf wn}anllvn, Golknl ioiuo}anwfjnl mna{n uoio}j`xnnl gnunw iolvomnmjnl w}nin uxfj`b`kfx mnkf j`}mnl injn nm`}xf gfboknbjnl golknlioiuo}anwfjnl unxnb ;? nvnw !=& a}d m __ L`, 84 Wnal =556 gnl an}x gfbnjjnl `boa g`jwo}  u}`doxxf`lnb xoxnf golknl xwnlgn} u}`doxf xo}wn ioiuo}anwfjnl jowolwnl l`}in)l`}in gnbni nknin,Gnbni wbfxnl flf njnl gfmnanx wolwnlk nm`}xf gnbni uo}xuojwfd owfjn u}`doxf jog`jwo}nl aji Fxbni gnl uo}nw}nl uo}lgnlk)lgnlknl gnbni aji u`xfwfd Flg`loxfn, Jnwn julhf3 nm`}xf uoio}j`xnnl uo}xuojwfd owfjn aji Fxbni  NMXW]NHW   Nm`}wf`l fx n hbnxxfh u}`mboi fl wao {`}bg `d aonbwa wanw anx nb{nvx hnxog gomnwo wa}`ka`w wao nkox, Fl wo}ix `d wao wo}i nm`}wf`l ionlx wao wo}iflnwf`l `d u}oklnlhv mod`}o wao dowx hnl k}`{ `wxfgo waoi`wao}‖x m`gv, Nm`}wf`l hnl mo gftfgog flw` w{` lniobv xu`lwnlo`x nm`}wf`l nlg n}wfdfhfnb nm`}wf`l, N}wfdfhfnb nm`}wf`l xmgftfgog mnxog `l }onx`l lniobv nm`}wf`l nlg nm`}wf`l iogfxflnbfx h}fiflnbfxw, G}flk wafx nm`}wf`l fl hnxox `d }nuo tfhwfix n}o h`lxfgo}og nx n h}fio, Mw {fwa wao olnhwiolw `d Bn{ l`,84 von}x `bg, =556 `l aonbwa nm`}wf`l anx mool boknbfsog d`} }nuo tfhwfix, Mnhj u}`mboix n}o n inwwo} `d h`lw}`to}xv nlg }nfxox wao u}`x nlg h`lx `d `uflf`l fl }onhw, Wafx unuo} {fbb gfxhxx nm`w nm`}wf`l fl ntn}fowv `d uo}xuohwftox `d u}`doxxf`lnb owafhx `d iogfhflo Fxbnifh bn{x nlg }okbnwf`lx fl Flg`loxfn, Nlg nm`}wf`l d`} }nuo tfhwfix fx bfjo n g`mbo)ogkog jlfdo, Aonbwa {`}jo}x {a` n}o dnhog {fwa waoxo xfwnwf`lx{fbb anto n gfboiin, Nm`}wf`l {fbb mo ulfxaog l`w g`flk nm`}wf`l fx wao x`b `d wao u}oklnlw {`inl fx nw  xwnjo, L`wflk wanw }nuo hnl hnxo uxvha`b`kfhnb w}nin d`} wao tfhwfi waol boknbfsog nm`}wf`l {fwa }oxuohw w` N}wfhbo ;? un}nk}nua !=& bowwo} m Bn{ L`,84 `d =556 nlg xa`bg mo g`lo mv n u}`doxxf`lnb g`hw`} flnhh`}gnlho {fwa u}`doxxf`lnb xwnlgn}gx nlg `mxo}to wao u}`tfxf`lx `d l`}ix fl }obfkf`l, Fl wafx unuo} {fbb gfxhxx nm`w nm`}wf`l fl wao uo}xuohwfto `d u}`doxxf`lnb owafhx `d iogfhflo Fxbnifh bn{ nlg bokfxbnwf`l flwao u`xfwfto bn{ `d Flg`loxfn,  Jov{`}gx3 nm`}wf`l }nuo uo}xuohwfto owafhx Fxbnifh bn{ UOLGNA_B_NL Joxoanwnl ngnbna anb vnlk xnlknw uolwflk vnlkgfmwajnl `boa xowfnu inlxfn gnl io}unjnlxnbna xnw jomwanl u`j`j xobnfl xnlgnlk  unlknl gnl ununl, Gnunw gfunxwfjnl mna{n wfgnj ngn xo`}nlkul vnlk flkfl iolknbnif xnjfwgnbni uo}f`go joafgunllvn, Xoknbn unvn njnlgfbnjjnl lwj xoima gnl iolflkjnwjnl j`lgfxf  Nm`}xf mnkf J`}mnl Uoio}j`xnnl gnbni Uo}xuojwfd Owfjn ,,,  ;? joxoanwnllvn, Xoamlknl golknl anb wo}xomw Mnago} C`anl Lnxwf`l mo}uolgnunw mna{n3 _unvn uolflkjnwnl jnbfwnx afgu inlxfn gfmfgnlk joxoanwnl io}unjnl xnw xnan vnlk  xnlknw bnx gnl iolvob}a xnan wo}xomw iobfuwf uolflkjnwnl joxoanwnl inxvn}njnw mnfj dfxfj inul l`l dfxfj, Gf gnbni Xfxwoi Joxoanwnl Lnxf`lnb gfxomwjnl mna{njoxoanwnl iolvnlkjw xoin xokf joafgunl vnlk }nlk bflkju gnl cnlkjnnllvn xnlknw bnx gnl j`iubojx, Gn}f uolko}wfnl gf nwnx gnunw gfunanif mna{n ungn gnxn}lvn inxnbnajoxoanwnl iolvnlkjw xoin xokf joafgunlinlxfn mnfj joafgunl inxn bnb inxn xojn}nlk inul inxn vnlk njnl gnwnlk, Gfbfanw gn}f xocn}na uo}joimnlknllvn wobnawo}cngf uo}mnanl `}folwnxf lfbnf gnl uoifjf}nliolkolnf unvn ioiohnajnl inxnbnajoxoanwnl, U}`xox uo}mnanl `}folwnxf gnl uoifjf}nl gfinjxg xobnb mo}joimnlk xocnbnlgolknl uo}joimnlknl wojl`b`kf gnl x`xfnb mgnvn, !Mnago} C`anl Lnxwf`l =55?3 >&Xnbna xnw inxnbna gnbni mfgnlk joxoanwnl vnlkiolfimbjnl u}` gnl j`lw}n ngnbna wolwnlk nm`}xf,Nm`}xf io}unjnl inxnbna jbnxfj vnlk iolcngf mnanl uo}gomnwnl xounlcnlk sninl, Xof}flk golknl mo}mnknf uo}joimnlknl gnl uo}mnanl gf o}nkb`mnbfxnxf flf nm`}xf inxfa iolcngf mnanl jncfnlioln}fj lwj gfmnanx,Xnnw flf j`lw}`to}xf wo}jnfw nm`}xf joimnbf }ninfgfmfhn}njnl golknl gflgnlkjnllvn _lgnlk)_lgnlk L`i`} 84 Wnal =556 wolwnlk Joxoanwnlvnlk iolkknlwfjnl _lgnlk)_lgnlk L`i`} =8Wnal >66=, Inxvn}njnw mo}nlkknunl mna{n_lgnlk)_lgnlk vnlk mn} flf wobna ioboknbjnlnm`}xf mnkf j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl, Xomoln}lvninxnbna nm`}xf xgna gfnw} gnbni unxnb >?_lgnlk)_lgnlk L`i`} =8 wnal >66= wolwnlkJoxoanwnl !xobnlcwlvn gfxflkjnw __ L`, =8 Wnal>66=&, Gnbni __ flf ioinlk wfgnj gfjowoijnljnwn nm`}xf jn}oln fxwfbna vnlk gfklnjnl ngnbnawflgnjnl iogfx wo}wolw, Uolknw}nl iobnbf xfxwoiaji flfbna vnlk gfinjxg golknl boknbfxnxf, Lnil inxvn}njnw io}nlhjnl injln boknbfxnxfflf xnin golknl bfmo}nbfxnxf, Ungnanb bfmo}nbfxnxfvnlk n}wflvn uoimomnxnl cobnx mo}mogn injlngolknl boknbfxnxf vnlk mo}wcnl lwj iolknw},Wo}gnunw 8 ! wfkn & uolgf}fnl wolwnlk nm`}xf vnfw3 !n& Uolgf}fnl j`lxo}tnwfd3 nm`}xf wfgnj m`boagfbnjjnl gnbni jongnnl nunul ckn, Gf xflfwo}gnunw nbnxnl)nbnxnl jonkninnl gnl dfbfx`dfxnlwn}n bnfl joxhfnl joafgunl bn}nlknl lwj ioixlnajnl joafgunl inlxfn vnlk wfgnj  mo}xnbna gnl jownjwnl njnl fiubfjnxf x`xfnbvnlk bfmo}nb mnkf `}nlk bnfl vnlk wfgnj gnunwioimobn gf}f xouo}wf hnhnw gnl un}n bnlcw xfn:!m& Uolgf}fnl bfmo}nb vnlk ioiuo}m`boajnl nm`}xfgnbni mo}mnknf jongnnl vnlk mo}mogn, Gf xflfnm`}xf gfunlgnlk xomnknf jouwxnl i`}nb wownufgnunw iolo}fin uobmnknf joilkjflnl lwj ioimoln}jnllvn xohn}n i`}nb nlwn}n bnfl jnbfwnxafgu cnlfl joxoanwnl dfxfj gnl iolwnb {nlfwn anj {nlfwn nwnx flwok}fwnx gf}f joxocnawo}nnl jobn}kn  uo}wfimnlknl jn}fo} gnl jobn}kn mo}olhnln: !h&Uolgf}fnl i`go}nw3 ioloiunwjnl gf}f gf u`xfxfwolkna vnlk iolknjf joilkjflnl bokfwfinxfi`}nb mnkf xoiolwn}n nm`}xf wownuf wfgnj uo}lnawnlun iolknjf ngnlvn uolgo}fwnnl gnl }nxn mo}nwanwf mnfj gn}f ufanj fm inul cnlfl, Uolgf}fnl flfiobfanw cnlfl gnl {nlfwn xomnknf uoifbfj anj gnliolknjf mna{n gnbni unvn ioiohnajnl j`ldbfj anj xouo}wf fw in wfgnj in njnl iolvomnmjnl uolgo}fwnnl gnl }nxn mo}nw anwf, Golknl goifjfnl uolgf}fnl i`go}nw ioinlk iolo}fin joilkjflnlwo}cngflvn xoxnw nm`}xf wo}wolw wownuf gnunwiolo}finlvn lnil gnbni xnxnln w}nkogf gnlxnlknw joafbnlknl !Ufw`l` X`oun}w` =55>3 >5?&,J`ldbfj i`}nb iolkolnf nm`}xf gnunw ubngfbfanw gn}f uo}xuojwfd glfn vnlk xohn}n }ngfjnb mo}mogn iolkolnf nbni gnl xojxnbfwnx, Unlgnlknlglfn uo}wnin iobfanw xojxnbfwnx xomnknf mnkfnlgn}f nbni, Iol}wlvn xojxnbfwnx xohn}n nbnifgfwolwjnl xogoifjfnl }un xoaflkkn wninlvnioifbfjf dlkxf mf`b`kfx vnlk xohn}n flw}flxfj wo}jnfw golknl }ou}`gjxf, Jn}oln nbni gfwolwjnlgnl gfn{nxf `boa Xnlk Uolhfuwn injn hniu} wnlknl gnbni wnwnlnl nbnifna iobnbf j`lw}nxouxf mnwnl nwn nm`}xf io}unjnl uobnlkkn}nl wo}angnuwnwnlnl wo}xomw, Gnunwbna gfunanif mna{n unlgnlknl xouo}wf flf iolc}x jo xfjnu j`lxo}tnwfd wolwnlk inxnbna nm`}wx, Unlgnlknl glfn vnlkjogn ioinanif uolvobolkkn}nnl nbni mjnllvnwo}wnlk gnbni xnw wnwnlnl mf`b`kfx vnlk xwnwfx iobnfljnl io}unjnl wnwnlnl vnlk uola golknljoi}nanl anwf vnlk gnbni xocn}na joinlxfnnliolknlko}najnl joungn inlxfn lwj joilk)jflnl ioifjb wnlkklk cn{nm bomfa moxn} nwnxgf}f gnl bflkjlknllvn, Xojxnbfwnx fw bomfa gn}fxojogn} mf`b`kfx xncn, J`lw}nxouxf ngnbna hn}niobnjxnlnjnl wnlkklk cn{nm gnl mjnllvn xnw uobnlkkn}nl gn}f xnw wnwnlnl mf`b`kfx, Gnbni uo}xuojwfd flf nm`}xf ul gfilkjfljnl xohn}n  Nm`}xf mnkf J`}mnl Uoio}j`xnnl gnbni Uo}xuojwfd Owfjn ,,,  ;4  U   O]XUOJWFD  T`bio QTF L`, = Wnal =5>> Ogfxf Nu}fb i`}nb,Unlgnlknl)unlgnlknl glfn vnlk mo}mogn flfwfgnj mo}anxfb iolvobn}nxjnl xoin uo}mognnl uolgnunw nlwn} inlxfn wownuf mfxn ioimnlw uoinaninl wo}angnu ngnlvn uo}mognnl uolgnunwiolkolnf nm`}xf, Ufanj)ufanj vnlk mo}xobfxfaioibnf gn}f wfwfj w`bnj vnlk mo}mogn gnl io}ojnilkjfl wfgnj iolvngn}flvn xniunf xnnw wo}molw}  ungn xnw uo}xuojwfd vnlk iolgnxn}, Golknlgoifjfnl uo}mognnl unani vnlk unbflk iolgnbni mjnllvn iolkolnf hn}n ioiohnajnl xnwinxnbna i`}nb wo}wolw xouo}wf nm`}xf iobnfljnliolkolnf uolgnunw xocna inln wnlkklk cn{nmjfwn gnl nunjna wnwnlnl m`boa gfmna nwn wfgnj,!Ufw`l` X`oun}w` =55>3 >54 &Ngn mo}mnknf nbnxnl vnlk iolvomnmjnlxoxo`}nlk iobnjjnl nm`}xf xouo}wf3 j`lw}nxouxfvnlk knknb flgfjnxf oj`l`if anifb gf bn} lfjna joanifbnl vnlk ioimnanvnjnl joxoanwnl xf fmgnl nwn cnlfl vnlk gfjnlglklvn inul anifbnjfmnw uoio}j`xnnl, Nbnxnl wo}njaf} flfbna vnlkiolcngf u`j`j uo}inxnbnanl xobnlcwlvn,Gnbni uo}xuojwfd owfjn u}`doxf jog`jwo}nl nm`}xf ungn j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl iolfimbjnl xnwgfboin, Xoxnf golknl xiunalvn xo`}nlk g`jwo}  mo}jo{ncfmnl lwj iobflglkf afgu flxnlf xocnj  uoimnanl, Golknl goifjfnl nm`}xf io}unjnlwflgnjnl vnlk gfbn}nlk, Xobnfl fw g`jwo} cknan}x iolkwninjnl joxoanwnl uolgo}fwn, Anbvnlk gfboinwfx njnl wo}cngf cfjn g`jwo} iolkangnufxo`}nlk {nlfwn anifb njfmnw uoio}j`xnnl vnlkiolknbnif w}nin uxfj`b`kfx gnl mo}joflkflnllwj iolknjaf}f afgulvn, Inln vnlk an}xgfufbfa3 !n& iobnjjnl nm`}xf vnlk mo}n}wf kk}lvn cnlfl nwn !m& wfgnj iobnjjnl nm`}xf vnlk mo}n}wflvn{n fm anifb vnlk iolcngf wn}anllvn0Xoiolwn}n fw gnbni aji u`xfwfd Flg`loxfn wo}gnunw = !gn& uo}lgnlk)lgnlknl vnlkiolknw} inxnbna nm`}xf vnfw Jfwnm _lgnlk)_lgnlk Aji Ufgnln !J_AU& gnl _lgnlk)_lgnlk L`i`} 84 Wnal =556 wolwnlk Joxoanwnl!xobnlcwlvn gfxflkjnw __ L`, 84 Wal, =556&, J_AUiobn}nlk nm`}xf golknl nbnxnl nunul xognlkjnl__ L`, 84 Wnal =556 ioiuo}m`boajnl nm`}xf ungn j`}mnl uoio}j`xnnl, Xobnfl fw _lgnlk)_lgnlk Joxoanwnl flf ckn ioiuo}m`boajnlnm`}xf golknl nbnxnl ngnlvn flgfjnxf jogn}}nwnliogfx vnlk gfgowojxf xocnj xfn gflf joanifbnl  mnfj vnlk iolknlhni lvn{n fm gnl/nwn cnlfl vnlk iolgo}fwn uolvnjfw  kolowfh mo}nw gnl/nwnhnhnw mn{nnl inul vnlk wfgnj gnunw gfuo}mnfjfxoaflkkn iolvbfwjnl mnvf wo}xomw afgu gfbn} jnlglknl,Gn}f bnwn} mobnjnlk vnlk wobna gf}nfjnl gfnwnx injn uo}inxnbnanl vnlk gnunw gffgolwfdfjnxfngnbna xomnknf mo}fjw3 ‒Mnknfinln nm`}xf gnbni uo}xuojwfd owfjn u}`doxf jog`jwo}nl aji Fxbnignl uo}nw}nl uo}lgnlk)lgnlknl0’ Xomobi uo}inxnbnanl wo}xomw gfmnanx uolbfx njnliolk}nfjnl wo}bomfa gnab uolko}wfnl gn}f momo}nun fxwfbna vnlk iolcngf jnwn jlhf gnbniwbfxnl flf,Nm`}xf mo}nxnb gn}f mnanxn Bnwfl nm`}wx vnlk mo}n}wf jokk}nl nwn uolkkk}nl jnlglknl,Ungn gnxn}lvn jnwn nm`}xf flf io}unjnl wo}coinanljnwn nm`}wf`l gnbni mnanxn Flkk}fx, Fxwfbna nm`}xfxohn}n iogfx gfn}wfjnl xomnknf jobn}lvn anxfbj`lxouxf !uoimnanl& xomobi xfn joanifbnl =5iflkk !bfin mbnl& golknl mo}nw j}nlk gn}f ?55k}ni, Anxfb j`lxouxf flf wfgnj ioifbfjf an}nunllwj afgu,Gc`j` U}nj`x` ioimnkf nm`}xf iolcngfgn colfx vnfw nm`}xf xu`lwnl vnlk wo}cngf wnlunxnan gn}f bn} gnl nm`}xf mnwnl vnlk gfbnjjnljn}oln joanifbnl vnlk wfgnj gfflkfljnl, K`b`lknljoanifbnl vnlk wfgnj gfflkfljnl flf gf}flhf bomfabnlcw3 !n& Wfgnj gfflkfljnl `boa g`jwo} jn}oln3!f& Joanifbnl wo}xomw njnl ioi)mnanvnjnl cf{nfm: !ff& Nlnj vnlk gfbnaf}jnl joilkjflnl njnlhnhnw mo}nw, Nm`}xf mnwnl vnlk gfbnjjnl jn}olnflgfjnxf iogfx flf gfxomw nm`}wx u}`t`hnwxiogfxflnbfx : !m& Wfgnj gfflkfljnl `boa {nlfwnvnlk mo}xnlkjwnl xniflvn nwn jobn}knlvn jn}oln3 !f& Uoio}j`xnnl: !m& Amlknl jobnifl gfbn} uo}jn{flnl: !m& Nbnxnl)nbnxnl bnfllvn3 x`xf`oj`l`ifx nlnj xgna hju mnlvnj mobi iniu ulvn nlnj, _lwj nm`}xf colfx flf gfunlgnlkxomnknf uo}mnwnl ufgnln nwn nm`}wx u}`t`hnwxh}fiflnbfx ,Xoiolwn}n fw Ixn Uo}gnlnjxin ioimnkfnm`}xf iolcngf gn colfx vnfw3 !n&  Nm`}wx xu`lwnlon  vnfw nm`}xf vnlk wo}cngf golknl xolgf}flvn gnl !m&  Nm`}wx u}`t`hnwx vnfw nm`}xf vnlk wo}cngf jn}oln uo}mnwnl inlxfn, Nm`}xf flf gnunw wo}cngf jn}olnnbnxnl iogfx inul nbnxnl)nbnxnl bnfl vnlk wfgnj gfmoln}jnl `boa aji, Gnbni fbi jog`jwo}nl  colfx nm`}xf gfmognjnl mo}gnxn} hn}n wo}cngflvn vnfw3 !n&  Nm`}wx xu`lwnlon vnfw nm`}xf vnlkwo}cngf xohn}n xu`lwnl wnlun ngn xnw wflgnjnl:!m&  Nm`}wx u}`t`hnwx vnfw nm`}xf mnwnl vnlkwo}cngf jn}oln ngn xnw wflgnjnl,Gfwflcn gn}f nxuoj aji nm`}wx u}`t`hnwx    ;; gnunw gfk`b`lkjnl iolcngf gn colfx vnfw3!n&  Nm`}wx u}`t`hnwx boknb  vnfw nm`}xf vnlkgfbnjjnl iol}w xvn}nw gnl hn}n)hn}n vnlkgfmoln}jnl `boa _lgnlk)_lgnlk, Nbnxnl vnlkxnlknw iolgnxn} ngnbna lwj iolvobninwjnl cf{n fm anifb: !m&  Nm`}wx u}`t`hnwx fboknb  vnfw nm`}xf vnlk gf gnbnilvn iolknlglk lx} jocnanwnl gnl wfgnj ioiolaf xvn}nw gnl hn}n)hn}nvnlk gfmoln}jnl `boa _lgnlk)_lgnlk,Mo}gnxn}jnl colfx)colfx nm`}xf vnlk wobnagf}nfjnl xomobilvn injn uolvomnm nm`}xf gnunwgfjob`iu`jjnl iolcngf wfkn vnfw3 !n& Nm`}xfjn}oln u}`xox nbni: !m& Nm`}xf jn}oln jobnbnfnlinlxfn: !h& Nm`}xf xomnknf njfmnw uo}mnwnlinlxfn,Nm`}xf jn}oln u}`xox nbni wo}cngf wnlun gfjownaf uolvomnmlvn gnl i}lf io}unjnl joaolgnj Wanl, Flfbna vnlk gfjolnb golknl fxwfbna nm`}xfxu`lwnl, Lnil nm`}xf ckn mfxn wo}cngf jn}olnjobnbnfnl inlxfn, Fm vnlk anifb j}nlk mo}anwf)anwf iolcnkn jnlglknllvn nwn iolknbnifjohobnjnnl, Xobnfl fw nm`}xf gnunw ckn gfxomnmjnlwflgnjnl vnlk xolkncn gfmnw `boa inlxfn, Anb flfjn}oln nbnxnl joxoanwnl fm vnlk wo}nlhni mnanvninw cfjn joanifbnl fw gfwo}xjnl nwn nbnxnl bnflvnlk wfgnj gfuo}m`boajnl jn}oln mo}wolwnlknlgolknl aji,Iol}w fbi jog`jwo}nl anb)anb vnlkiolvomnmjnl nm`}xf gnunw gfmnkf xomnknf mo}fjw3!n& Jobnflnl uo}wimanl anxfb j`lxouxf Jobnflnl uo}wimanl anxfb j`lxouxf njnl iolvomnmjnljoinwfnllvn nwn gfbnaf}jnllvn golknl hnhnw,Jobnflnl mo}nw mfnxnlvn iolvomnmjnl joinwfnl cnlfl ungn anifb ign, Dnjw`})dnjw`} vnlk iolvo) mnmjnl jobnflnl gnbni uo}wimanl ngnbna xomnknf mo}fjw3 !f& Jobnflnl j}`i`x`i Jobnflnl vnlkxo}flk gfwoijnl ungn nm`}wx xu`lwnl ngnbna w}fx`iv gnl  u`bvu`fgv , Ckn ngn joilkjflnl jobnf)lnl iolkolnf j}`i`x`i jobnifl: !ff& Bflkjlknlj}nlk xoiu}ln Cfjn bflkjlknl olg`iow}fi gfxojfwn} woiunw fiubnlwnxf j}nlk xoiu}ln xoaflkkn uoimo}fnl snw)snw injnlnl ungn anxfb j`lxouxfwo}knlkk anb flf gnunw iolvomnmjnl jobnflnlgnbni uo}wimanl cnlfl gnl joinwfnllvn: !fff&Uolkn}a gn}f bn} }ngfnxf tf}x `mnw)`mnw gnlxomnknflvn gnunw ioiuolkn}af mnfj anxfb j`lxouxfinul bflkjlknl afgulvn gnbni wo}x gnliolknjfmnwjnl joinwfnl nwn jobnflnl uo}wimanl cnlfl, Uolkn}a flf iilvn gflninjnl uolkn}awo}nw`kol3 !m& Jobnflnl ungn  ubnholw Olgn}wo}fwfx  gnunw wo}cngf gnbni tfbbf ha`}fnbox gnl iolvomnmjnl`jxfkolnxf iobnbf ubnholwn wo}knlkk xoaflkkniolvomnmjnl knlkknl uo}wimanl xniunfiolknjfmnwjnl joinwfnl cnlfl, Jongnnl flf mfxnwo}cngf ungn joanifbnl =5 iflkk nwn bomfa nlwn}nbnfl jn}oln afuo}wolxf iolnal: !m& Uolvnjfw fm Uolvnjfw iolgngnj xouo}wf  uloi`lfn wvuaxnmg`iflnbfx uvob`loua}fwfx inbn}fn gnl bnfl)bnfl gnunw iol)vomnmjnl nm`}wx , Nloifn mo}nw jo}nhlnl bnun}`w`if uo}fw`lfwfx gnl uolvnjfwiolnal xouo}wf m}hobb`xfx i`l`lhbo`xfxfldohwf`xn w`q`ubnxi`xfx ckn gnunw iolvomnmjnlnm`}wx {nbnul bomfa cn}nlk: !g& Jobnflnl w}nhwx kolfwnbfx Jobnflnl wo}x gnunw iolvomnmjnlnm`}wx, Xobnfl fw nm`}wx ckn gnunw wo}cngfgfxomnmjnl joboinanl mn{nnl ungn ho}tfq  gfbnwnxf ho}tfq mo}bomfanl uoi`w`lknl ho}tfq nwn}`mojnl ho}tfq bnx vnlk wfgnj gfcnafw !Xn}{`l`U}n{f}`an}gc` >6;43 =86&,Xoiolwn}n fw vnlk gfinjxg golknl uoio})j`xnnl ngnbna wflgnj jojo}nxnl nwn jocnanwnlxojxnb vnlk gfbnjjnl `boa bnjf)bnjf wo}angnu uo}oiunl golknl j`lgfxf3 !n& Wfgnj nwnx uo}xowcnl gnl joaolgnj uo}oiunl: !m& Golknl uo}xowcnl uo}oiunl lnil gf mn{na nlhninl:!h& golknl uo}xowcnl uo}oiunl lnil iobnbf uolfunl,Xobnlcwlvn njnl jfwn }nfjnl uolko}wfnl gnl}nlk bflkju owfjn u}`doxf jog`jwo}nl, Xohn}nii owfjn mo}nxnb gn}f mnanxn Bnwfl  OWA@X   vnlk n}wflvn ngnbna vnlk mnfj nwn vnlk bnvnj,Flf io}unjnl jnfgna lfbnf nwn l`}in)l`}invnlk gfuoknlk job`iu`j u}`doxf wo}wolw gnbniioimo}fjnl uobnvnlnl cnxn joungn inxvn}njnw,Jouxwnjnnl iolvomwjnl ‒  OWAFHX’ fx n gfhfu)bflo gonbflk {fwa {anw fx k``g nlg {anw fx mng, Fw fxh`lho}log {fwa xwnlgn}w `d h`lghw  , !Ao}ifol A,J =5543 4=&, Gn}f xflf mfxn gfnimfb uolko}wfnl mna{nowfjn ngnbna joxounjnwnl iolkolnf nun vnlk mnfj gnl nun vnlk m}j xoxnf xwnlgn} jonabfnllvn,Xognlkjnl u}`doxf fw ungn anjfjnwlvn ngnbna xnwbnunlknl uojo}cnnl !`junxf& vnlk mo}jnbfdfjnxfvnlk iollww xvn}nw jonabfnl wflkkf joungn un}n uolkoimnl gnl uobnjxnlnlvn, Ungn gnxn}lvn ngnwfkn j}fwo}fn wnin lwj iolkjnbfdfjnxf nunjnaxnw `junxf fw m`boa gfmfbnlk xnw u}`doxf nwnwfgnj !X`ownlgv` =55=3 8>4&,Vnlk uo}wnin fnbna mna{n u}`doxf fw mo}mogngolknl `junxf mfnxn njnl gfbnjxnlnjnl nwnxgnxn} jonabfnl vnlk wflkkf gnl jn}oln fw anlvngnunw gfinxjf `boa io}ojn vnlk wobna iolcnbnlf uolgfgfjnl gnl uobnwfanl wojlfx vnlk ninw bnlcw:  Nm`}xf mnkf J`}mnl Uoio}j`xnnl gnbni Uo}xuojwfd Owfjn ,,,
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