3. Qua Vadis ... Solehuddin (April 2011)

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Qua Vadis Independensi Advokat dalam Sistem Peradilan di Indonesia QUA VADIS INDEPENDENSI ADVOKAT DALAM SISTEM PERADILAN DI INDONESIA Solehuddin Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bhayangkara Surabaya e-mail: @gmail.com ABASTRAK Advokat adalah sebuah profesi terhormat (offiem nobile). Dalam konteks penegakan hukum, advokat merupakan bagian yang mutlak harus ada dalam menjalankan tugas dan profesinya demi tegaknya keadilan berdasarkan hukum untuk kepentingan masyarakat pencari keadilan (justhbelem). Seb
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  87 YWI UIFHT  HNFGPGNFGNTH IFUJCIVFIAIO THTVGO PG\IFHAIN FH HNFJNGTHI Tjagmwffhn Eicwavit Mwcwo Wnhug|thvit Lmixinbci|i Tw|ilixig/oiha; @boiha.djo ILITV\IC  Ifujciv ifiaim tglwim p|jegth vg|mj|oiv - jeehgo njlhag (. Fiaio cjnvgct pgngbicin mwcwo! ifujcivog|wpicin libhin xinb owvaic mi|wt ifi fiaio ognkiaincin vwbit fin p|jegthnxi fgoh vgbicnxi cgifhain lg|fiti|cin mwcwo wnvwc cgpgnvhnbin oitxi|iciv pgndi|h cgifhain -  kwtvmlgago (. Tglwim ewnbth xinbtinbiv pjcjc fiaio p|jtgt pgndi|hin kivh fh|h ngbi|i mwcwo Hnfjngthi. Civi Cwndh;   Ywj uifht ! Hnfgpgnfgnth! Ifujciv! thtvgo pg|ifhain  ILTV\IDV   Ifujdivg ht in mjnj|ilag p|jegtthjn -jeehgo njlhag! j| oihn(. Hn vmg djnvg}v je air gnej|dgognv!ifujdivg ht vmg pi|v vmiv iltjawvgax owtv miug hn di||xhnb jwv hvt fwvhgt inf p|jegtthjn ej| vmg ticg je  kwtvhdg wnfg| vmg air ej| vmg pwlahd hnvg|gtv kwtvhdg tggcg|t -kwtvmlgago(. I ug|x lithd ewndvhjn hn vmg tgi|dm p|jdgtt hfgnvhvx je Hnfjngthin air.  Cgxrj|ft; Ywj uifht! Hnfgpgnfgndg! Ifujdivg! vmg kwfhdhia txtvgo PGNFIMWAWIN Tiaim tivw vwnvwvin |gej|oith tgkic vimwn988= fh Hnfjngthi! wnvwc ognbivith c|htht owavhfhognth ifiaim og|gej|oith mwcwo xinb vg|ejcwt pifi oitiaim pgngbicin mwcwo. Niown tinbivfhtixinbcin tgvgaim tgpwawm vimwn |gej|oith lg|aiaw mhnbbi chnh oitiaim pgngbicin mwcwo lgawo kwbi ogniopiccin mitha xinb thbnhehcintgtwih vwkwinnxi xihvw ogndhpvicin oitxi|icivxinb tgkimvg|i! ifha fin oicow| tglibihoini xinbfhdhvi/dhvicin fiaio p|jcaioith 9867. Lg|ai|wv/ai|wvnxi pgnxgagtihin c|htht owavh fhognth tiaimtivwnxi fhtglilcin jagm vg|kifhnxi cgcidiwinmwcwo -  kwfhdhia fhti||ix ( xinb ognwnvwv wnvwc tgbg|i fhaicwcin |gej|oith fiaio lhfinb mwcwofgnbin ogaicwcin pg|wlimin fin pgolimi|winvjvia vg|mifip tgaw|wm thtvgo mwcwo - agbia txtvgo (fin pgngbicin mwcwo - air gnej|dgognv  (! vg|wvioivg|mifip agolibi fin ipi|iv pgngbic mwcwo chvitgpg|vh micho! kicti! pjahth fin ifujciv. -Pitia 9Lwvh| 9 fin < WW Nj. 9= Vimwn <004(.Tglibih cjntgcwgnth ifinxi |gej|oith vg|tglwvvgaim vg|kifh lglg|ipi ciah pg|wlimin vg|mifipWWF 9867 -9888/<00<( xinb ogoliri pg|wlimin lgti| fiaio thtvgo cgvivingbi|iin Hnfjngthi! lihc fiaio pgagolibiin cgcwitiin agbhtaivhe! gctgcwvhe!oiwpwn xwfhthia -cgcwitiin cgmichoin(. Lg|libih pg|tjiain xinb ogolgahv gcthtvgnth cgcwitiincgmichoin tglibihoini fhpipi|cin fh ivit ognkifhtiaim tivw ibgnfi pgnvhnb |gej|oith! tgmhnbbi pifi pg|wlimin WWF 9867! -Ilf. Owcmvhg Eifki|! <008;<5(! Pitia/pitia xinb ognbivw| vgnvinb cgcwitiincgmichoin ognbiaioh pg|wlimin xinb dwcwpthbnhehcin.Ichliv fi|h pg|wlimin pgnbivw|in cgcwitiincgmichoin fiaio WWF 9867! oici vgaimfhcgawi|cin lglg|ipi wnfinb/wnfinb xinb vg|cihvfgnbin cgcwitiin cgmichoin tiaim tivwnxi ifiaimWW Nj. 9= vimwn <004 Vgnvinb Ifujciv. -Ilf.Owcmvhg Eifki|! <008; <5(Tiaim tivw agolibi xinb ogohahch pg|inin xinbtinbiv w|bgn fin owvaic fhpg|awcin fiaio tv|wcvw| ngbi|i ojfg|n fin ogrifimh tiaim tivw cjopjngnfiaio ngbi|i mwcwo ifiaim cgcwitiin cgmichoinxinb lglit! oinfh|h fin lg|vinbbwnb kiril.Cgcwitiin cgmichoin lg|ewnbth tglibih agolibi pgnbjnv|ja vg|mifip pgaictiniin mwcwo fiaiongbi|i mwcwo. Tgfgohchin pgnvhnbnxi agolibicjnv|ja vg|mifip lg|aicwnxi mwcwo hnh tgmhnbbiowvaic fhpg|awcin twivw agolibi cgcwitiincgmichoin xinb vhfic minxi tgcgfi| ifi! ogohahcheithahvit xinb fhpg|awcin! oiopw ognxgagtihcin pg|ci|i xinb owndwa! niown aglhm fi|h hvw kwbimi|wt lg|txi|ivcin tglwim p|gfhciv xinb lg|thmfin lg|rhliri fiaio |inbci wnvwc ogrwkwfcin pgngbicin mwcwo fin cgifhain. -Ia Rhtnjl|jvj!9882; 56(.Cgcwitiin cgmichoin xinb lglit fi|h tgbiaidiopw| vinbin fin pgnbi|wm fi|h awi|! ogog|awcin p|jegth ifujciv. P|jegth ifujciv ifiaim p|jegth Ywi Uifht Hnfgpgnfgnth Ifujciv fiaio Thtvgo Pg|ifhain fh Hnfjngthi   85  P   G\TPGCVHE  Ujawog ]UH Nj. < Vimwn <099 Gfhth Ip|ha xinb lglit! oinfh|h! fin lg|vinbbwnb kiril! wnvwc vg|tgagnbbi|inxi twivw pg|ifhain xinb kwkw|! ifha!fin ogohahch cgpitvhin mwcwo libh tgowi pgndi|hcgifhain fiaio ogngbiccin mwcwo! cglgni|in! cg/ifhain! fin mic itith oinwthi.Vinvinbin lgti| xinb vg|wt ogolixinbh pg|cgolinbin ifujciv fh Hnfjngthi ifiaim wpixiogngopivcin cgfwfwcin! ewnbth fin cgrgninbinifujciv xinb vgpiv fiaio hnvg|icthnxi fgnbinoitxi|iciv oiwpwn ngbi|i. Hfgianxi fiaiomwlwnbin vholia liahc vg|tglwv oitxi|iciv icinogolg|hcin agbhvhoith lg|wpi cgpg|dixiinivit kinkh pwlahc xinb fhnxivicin ifujcivfiaio ognbwpixicin cgpitvhin! cgifhain fincgoineiivin. Tgognvi|i fh thth aihn! ngbi|i icinogoitvhcin vg|kiohnnxi cgpgnvhnbin oitxi|icivfiaio ognxgagnbbi|icin thtvgo pg|ifhain! xinb kwbi lg|i|vh ognxgfhicin xw|htfhcth libh ifujcivibi| oiopw ogognwmh kinkhnxi cgpifi pwlahc.-Lhn{hif Cifieh! <00<; 9(Fiaio ngbi|i mwcwo! cglg|ifiin! cgfwfwcin!ewnbth fin cgrgninbin ifujciv fhpg|awcin fiaiomwlwnbinnxi fgnbin p|jtgt pgngbicin mwcwo!vg|oitwc hcwv infha fiaio ognkiohn mic tgtgj|inbxinb pg|aw fhpg|mivhcin fin ibi| vhfic fhilihcin!tgmhnbbi tgtgj|inb xinb fhvwnvwv phfini iviwfhbwbiv lg|mic fin fipiv fhfiophnbh ifujciv ibi| cgpgnvhnbinnxi fipiv fhlgai tgdi|i xw|hfht fgnbinogopg|mivhcin mic/mic i{ithnxi. -E|int Mgnf|iRhnivi! 9887; <5(. Ogaiawh kiti mwcwo xinbfhlg|hcin! Ifujciv ognkiaincin vwbit p|jegthnxifgoh vgbicnxi cgifhain lg|fiti|cin mwcwo wnvwc cgpgnvhnbin oitxi|iciv pgndi|h cgifhain! vg|oitwc wtimi ogolg|fixicin oitxi|iciv fiaio ognxifi|hmic/mic ewnfiognvia og|gci fh fgpin mwcwo.Ifujciv tglibih tiaim tivw wntw| thtvgo pg|ifhainog|wpicin tiaim tivw phai| fiaio ogngbiccintwp|goith mwcwo fin mic itith oinwthi.Cglg|ifiin ifujciv fh Hnfjngthi fhiriahtgkic {ioin Cjajnhia -Mhnfhi Lgainfi(! \gujawthCgog|fgciin! Fgojc|ith Vg|phophn! J|fg Li|w!mhnb/bi tgci|inb hnh. Tglibihoini mianxi fh vinim kikimin aihnnxi! cgifujcivin Hnfjngthi ogohahch lgnvwc vhfic tgpg|vh Ifujciv xinb lg|itia fi|hj|inb/j|inb Lgainfi fin vhfic tgpgnwmnxi iltimfi/aio pg|mivhin pgnkikimin Lgainfi. Pgnbivw|inifujciv pifi pgog|hnvimin cjajnhia fhvhvhc lg|ivcin pifi pg|inin cgmgnfic gctgcwvhe lwcin cgmgnfic mwcwo hvw tgnfh|h! mia hnh og|wpicin ojnjpjah libh pgog|hnvimin Mhnfhi Lgainfi xinb ogolg|h tgfhchvbg|ic libh vwolwmnxi ifujciv p|hlwoh. IfujcivHnfjngthi xinb pg|vioi ifiaim O|. Lgti| Oi|vjCwtwoj xinb oitwc fiain  \gdmvmjdgtmjja  vimwn9808. -Finhga T Agu! <000; 4<7/440(.Ifujciv ifiaim tglwim p|jegth vg|mj|oiv- jeehdwo njlhag ( xinb fiaio ognkiaincin p|jegthnxi lg|ifi fh lirim pg|ahnfwnbinmwcwo! wnfinb/wnfinb fin cjfg gvhc! ogohahchcglglitin xinb fhfiti|cin cgpifi cgmj|oivinfin cgp|hlifhin Ifujciv xinb lg|pgbinb vgbwmcgpifi cgoinfh|hin! cgkwkw|in! cg|imithiin fincgvg|lwciin. Ifujciv tgaicw pgngbic mwcwotgkiki| fgnbin pgngbic mwcwo aihn tgpg|vh kicti! pjahth! oiwpwn micho fh fiaio ognkwnkwnb vhnbbhtwp|goith mwcwo! jagm ci|gni hvw tivw tioi aihnnximi|wt tiahnb ognbmi|bih invi|i vgoin tgkiriv fin kwbi invi|i pgngbic mwcwo aihnnxiIfujciv tglibih wntw| ipi|iv pgngbic mwcwofh Hnfjngthi pg|inin vhfic pg|aw aibh fh|ibwcin! lihc pifi oiti tglgawo iviwpwn tgtwfim Hnfjngthiog|fgci. Pg|kiainin tgki|im Ifujciv xinb pinkinbfh Hnfjngthi vgaim ogolwcvhcin limri ifujcivvgaim ogoihncin pg|innxi xinb vhfic cgdha fiaioogrwkwfcin pgngbicin mwcwo xinb ifha fin lg|rhliri! cgnfivhpwn tglgawo g|i |gej|oith! lhai fhahmiv fi|h fiti| mwcwo xinb ifi! cglg|ifiinIfujciv lgawo fhivw| tgdi|i cmwtwt! ci|gni oithmvg|tgli| fiaio lg|libih pg|ivw|in pg|wnfinb/wnfinbin! lihc xinb fhcgawi|cin pifi oitiMhnfhi Lgainfi oiwpwn xinb fhcgawi|cin jagm pgog|hnvimin Hnfjngthi.Agu fiaio tglwim gttihnxi fgnbin kgaitognfhtc|hpthcin fin ognbiniahtht p|jtgt ognbjnt/v|wcth -pgndi|hin( lgnvwc ngbi|i mwcwo fh Hnfjngthitgkic 9867. -Finhga T Agu3 <000;446( Ognw|wvAgu! Ifujciv ALM lg|pg|in pgnvhnb fiaio p|jtgt pgndi|hin kivh fh|h ngbi|i mwcwo fh Hnfjngthi!vg|wvioi tgkic vimwn 9820/in xinb fhtpjntj|hPg|ifhn -Pg|tivwin Ifujciv Hnfjngthi(.Agu ognxivicin ;  P|huivg airxg|t i|g i pi|vhdwai|ax hopjvinv  b|jwp hn vmg mhtvj|x je dntvhvwvhjniahto! njv lgdiwtgvmgx i|g |gtpjnthlag ej| hv j| gugn iaa vmiv gttgnvhia vj hvt gujawvhjn! lwv lgdiwtg vmgx lgdiog vmg ojtv i|vhdwaivg |ivhjniah{g| je djntvhvwvhjniahtv hfgi! hnrmhdm vmgx miug i fh|gdv hnvg|gtv. Iniahtht xinb fhikwcin Agu vg|tglwv oithm|gaguin mhnbbi tgci|inb. Tiiv fgojc|ith vg|phophn9850 in! ifujciv p|jegthjnia vg|cgni fiopicnxi lihc tgdi|i gcjnjoht oiwpwn hfgjajbht. Fh g|ihvw! pi|i ifujciv p|jegthjnia ogolgai cgpgnvhnbincahgnnxi xinb lg|tglg|inbin fgnbin Tjgci|nj!  82 ciainbin kw|htv tglibih cgajopjc xinb vhfic lhtivw|wv tg|vi lg|gujawth tgmhnbbi tim ch|inxi wnvwc fhhnvg|ugnth. P|jtgt diopw| vinbin Tjgci|nj fh|inim pg|ifhain vg|kifh tinbiv thtvgoivht fgnbin lwcvh fhljagmcinnxi citwt vg|vgnvw. Hnh fhkiohnfiaio Pitia 98 WW nj. 98 vimwn 9856 vgnvinbCgvgnvwin/cgvgnvwin Pjcjc Cgcwitiin Cgmichoin.-Piv|i O. [gn! <00=; 45(Agpit fi|h |g{ho Tjgci|nj vic lg|i|vh ogolwivifujciv kifh oichn lglit fin pg|innxi pifi pgolimi|win mwcwo oichn lgti|. Cjnv|hlwthnxi kwtv|w ognw|wn tgh|hnb pg|vwolwmin gcjnjohfin cgnihcin pgnfipivinnxi. Cjnv|hlwth ifujciv p|jegthjnia fiaio bg|icin pgolimi|win mwcwo kwbi fhtglilcin ‟agpitnxi‟ ALM fi|h Pg|ifhn pifi iria 98=0/in! fgnbin vg|lgnvwcnxi XixitinALM Hnfjngthi! tg|vi ifinxi pg|pgdimin j|binhtithifujciv fh Hnfjngthi.Fiaio pg|cgolinbinnxi tgvgaim fhwnfinbcin/nxi Wnfinb/Wnfinb Nj. 9= vimwn <004 vgnvinbIfujciv! j|binhtith ifujciv oithm vg|kifh pg|pgdimin xihvw invi|i Pg|mhopwnin IfujcivHnfjngthi -PG\IFH( fin Cjnb|gt IfujcivHnfjngthi -CIH(! fhoini cgfwi/fwinxi ognbcaiho limri PG\IFH og|wpicin tivw/tivwnnxi rifimvwnbbia fi|h j|binhtith Ifujciv Hnfjngthi! lgbhvw kwbi tgliahcnxi CIH kwbi ognbinbbip tglibihj|binhtith Ifujciv xinb fhioinivcin jagm WW Nj.9= vimwn <004. Ogtchpwn fiaio j|binhtith ifujcivvg|tglwv ognbiaioh pg|pgdimin! kinbin tiopih pg|pgdimin vg|tglwv ogoliri fiopic xinb nhbivhe vg|mifip thtvgo pgngbicin mwcwo fh Hnfjngthi.Pgnbivw|in Ifujciv fiaio wnfinb/wnfinbfhmi|ipcin fipiv ogolg|hcin fin ognhnbcivcindhv|i p|jegth ifujciv fin ogniolim rhlirimwcwo - iwvmj|hvx je air ( fin twp|goith mwcwo-  twp|goidx je air ( tgoichn fhvgbiccin. Ipiaibhifujciv fh fiaio ognkiaincin vwbit p|jegthnxiwnvwc ogolgai pg|ci|i xinb ognkifh vinbbwnb kirilnxi fgnbin vgvip lg|pgbinb pifi cjfg gvhc  p|jegth fin pg|ivw|in pg|wnfinb/wnfinbin. Fhththaihn wnfinb/wnfinb ifujciv ognkiohn ifinximic cgcgliain mwcwo - hownhvx ( vg|mifip ifujcivfhfiaio ognkiaincin vwbit fin ewnbthnxi wnvwc ogolgai cahgnnxi. -Pitia 95 WW Nj. 9= Vimwn<004(Cglglitin p|jegth Ifujciv lg|theiv wnhug|tiafin fhicwh jagm linxic ngbi|i vg|wvioi fh ngbi|i/ngbi|i fgojc|ivht. Fgnbin ifinxi cglglitin p|jegth ifujciv! oici ifujciv fipiv ogolgaioitxi|iciv -  pwlahd fgegnfg|  ( fin ogopg|kwinbcincgpgnvhnbin oitxi|iciv vinpi |iti vicwv! diopw| vinbin! fin vgcinin fi|h phmic oinipwn kwbi.Cglglitin p|jegth ifujciv iviw xinb tgdi|ihnvg|nithjnia fhcgnia fgnbin hnfgpgnfgndg je vmg agbia p|jegtthjn og|wpicin txi|iv owvaic vg|dhpvinxi twivw pg|ifhain lglit fin vhfic ogohmic - hnfgpgnfgnv inf Hopi|vhia Kwfhdhi|x (!fgnbin vgvip ognkibi gvhc p|jegth. Oitxi|iciv pifimicgcivnxi tgninvhiti ogndi|h fin ogolwvwmcin kiti mwcwo - agbia tg|uhdgt ( fin pgolgaiin - ahbhvhjn (fi|h ifujciv! tglil ifujcivaim xinb og|wpicinj|inb xinb lhti ogrichah cgpgnvhnbin oitxi|icivfh fgpin mwcwo.Ewnbth fin Cgrgninbin Ifujciv Fiaio ThtvgoPgngbicin Mwcwo fh Hnfjngthi Ewnbth xinb fiaioCiowt Lgti| Limiti Hnfjngthi fhi|vhcin tglibih pgcg|kiin xinb fhaicwcin. -R.K.T Pjg|rifi|ohnvi398=2;<=4( Ewnbth fiaio limiti Hnbb|ht xihvw‑ewndvhjn‟ xinb fhfgehnhthcin tglibih ‑vmg chnf je idvhjn j| idvhuhvx p|jpg| vj inx pg|tjn j| vmhnb3iviw vmg pw|pjtg ej| rmhdm tiogvmhnb ht fgthbngf j| g}htv3 iviw |wag‟ Lg|fiti|cin fgehnhth vg|tglwvewnbth ifiaim ipi tiki cgbhivin xinb fhaicwcin! iviwtgtwivw vwkwin wnvwc ogrwkwfcin |gndini ewnbth kwbi fipiv fhi|vhcin tglibh pg|inin‟. -Viah{wfwmw Nf|imi! <007; 72(Tgj|inb tjthjajb Aguhntjn ognbwnbcipcin limri tgtwnbbwmnxi ewnbth tinbiv fgciv oicninxifgnbin pg|inin. Tgtgj|inb ogaictinicin mic fincgrikhlin tgtwih fgnbin cgfwfwcinnxi oici hvwaimognkiaincin pg|inin. Fgnbin fgohchin! oici pg|inin tgtwnbbwmnxi aglhm linxic ognwnkwc  pifi ewnbth. Ewnbth piahnb vhfic ogndicwp vhbi mia!xihvw3 -Agrhtl I. Djtg| inf Lg|ni|f \jtgnlg|b!9825(Ewnbth ogahpwvh nj|oi/nj|oi xinb fhmwlwnb/cin fgnbin pjthth iviw vgopiv tgtgj|inb fiaiooitxi|iciv! ewnbth fiaio i|vh hnh og|wpicin|inbcihin pg|ivw|in xinb ogolholhnb tgtgj|inbfiaio cgmhfwpin cgoitxi|icivin3 -i( Ewnbth ifiaimtwivw cjntgp pg|hmia ipi xinb fipiv fhaicwcin jagmhnfhuhfw*cgajopjc fiaio oitxi|iciv tglibihj|binhtith3 -l( Ewnbth kwbi fipiv fhcivicin tglibih p|hcgaicwin hnfhuhfw xinb pgnvhnb libh tv|wcvw| tjthiaFgnbin fgohchin fhcihvcin fgnbin ewnbthIfujciv fiaio thtvho pg|ifhain fh Hnfjngthi!fhmi|ipcin ifujciv fiaio ognkiaincin ewnbthnximi|wt vgvip lg|pgbinb vgbwm pifi pg|ivw|in pg|wnfinb/wnfinbin fin cjfg gvhcnxi. Ewnbthifujciv wnvwc ogolgai cahgn ifiaim ogngbiccin Ywi Uifht Hnfgpgnfgnth Ifujciv fiaio Thtvgo Pg|ifhain fh Hnfjngthi   8=  P   G\TPGCVHE  Ujawog ]UH Nj. < Vimwn <099 Gfhth Ip|ha ‟I{it p|ifwbi vic lg|tiaim -  P|gtwopvhjn je  Hnnjdgndg (‟ xinb fhinwv fiaio thtvgo mwcwo chviiviw Hnvg|nithjnia Djugninv jn Dhuha inf Pjahvhdia\hbmvt! cmwtwtnxi pitia 96 -<(; ‟  Gug|xjng dmi|bgf rhvm i d|hohnia jeegndg tmiaa miug vmg |hbmv vj lg p|gtwogf hnnjdgnv wnvha p|jugf bwhavx iddj|fhnb vjair ‟ fin pitia 96 -4( ognxglwvcin;‑  Hn vmg fgvg|ohnivhjn je gnx d|hohnia dm|bgibihnv mho! gug|xjng tmia lg invhvagf vj vmg ejaajrhnb ohnhowo bwi|invgg! hn ewaa gywiahvx;-i( Vj lg hnej|ogf p|jopvax inf hn i ainbbwibgrmhdm mg wnfg|tvinft je vmg nivw|g inf diwtg je vmgdmi|bg ibihn mho3 -l( Vj miug ifgywivg vhog inf  eidhahvhgt ej| vmg p|gpi|ivhjn je mht fgegndg inf vjdjoownhdidivg rhvm djwdga je mht jrn dmjjthnb3-d( Vj lg v|hgf rhvmjwv wnfwg fgaix3 -f( Vj lg v|hgf hn mht p|gtgndg inf vj fgegnf mhotgae hn pg|tjn j| vm|jwbm agbia itthtvindg je mh jrn dmjjthnb! vj lghnej|ogf he mg figt itthbngf vj mho! hn inx ditgrmg|g vmg hnvg|gt je kwtvhdg tj |gywh|g! inf rhvmjwv  pixognv lx mho hn inx twdm ditg he mg fjgt njv miug tweehgnv ogint vj pix ej| hv3 -g( Vj g}iohng! j| miug g}iohnivhjn je rhvngttgt jn mht lgmiae wnfg| vmg tiog djnfhvhjnt it rhvngttgt ibihnv mho; -e( Vjmiug vmg e|gg itthtvind je jn hnvg|p|gvg| he mg dinnjv wnfg|tvinf j| tpgic vmg ainbbwibg j| tpgic vmgainbbwibg wtrg hn djw|v3 -b( Nj vj lg djopgaagf vjvgtvhex ibihntv mhotgae j| vj djnegtt bwhav.‑Hn vmg Rj|af Djneg|gndg je vmg Hnfgpgnfgndgje Kwtvhdg‟ xinb fhificin fh Ojnv|gia! Dinifi 7t*f 90 Kwnh 98=4 xinb fhtpjntj|h jagm PLL xinbfh|wowtcin tglibih lg|hcwv; ‑I pg|tjn ywiahehgf inf iwvmj|h{gf vj p|idvhdg lgej|g vmg djw|t inf vj ifuhtg inf |ge|gtgnv mht dahgnt hn agbia oivvg|‟ .Lg|fitii|cin mitha Fgc|i|ith Ojnv|gia vg|tglwvmic fin cgrikhlin ifujciv fh|wowtcin tglibih lg|hcwv; ‑airxg|t tmiaa inkjx e|gfjo je lgahge!g}p|gtt/thjni! itjdhivhjn inf itgolax! inf hn pi|vhdwai| vmgx tmiaa miug vmg |hbmv vj; -i( Vicg pi|v hn pwlahd fhtdwtthjn je oivvg|t djndgg|nhnb vmg air inf vmg ifohnhtv|ivhjn je kwtvhdg3 -l( Kjhnj| ej|oe|ggax ajdia! nivhjnia inf hnvg|nivhjnia j|binh{ivhjn3 -d( P|jpjtg inf |g djoognf rgaa djnthfg|gf air |gej|ot hn vmg pwlahc hnvg|gt inf hnej|o vmg pwlahd iljwv twdm oivvg|t3 inf -f( Vicg ewaa inf idvhug pi|v hn pjahvhdia! tjdhia inf dwavw|ia aheg je vmgh| djwnv|x.Vmg fwvhgt je i airxg| vj ri|ftmht dahgnvt hndawfg3-i( Ifuhthnb vmg dahgnv it vj mhtagbia |hbmvt inf jlahbivhjnt. -l( Vichnb agbia idvhjnvj p|jvgdv mho inb mht hnvg|gtv! inf rmg|g |gywh|gf3-d( \gtp|gtgnvhnb mho lgej|g dijw|v! v|hlwniat j| ifohnhtv|ivhug iwvmj|hvhgt. Fhahmiv tgdi|i vgj|h fin cjntgpth! fiaiothtvgo cgoinfh|hin pgngbicin mwcwo fh invi|iipi|iv pgngbic mwcwo xinb piahnb oinfh|h- hnfgugnfgndx ( ifiaim cgcwitiin cgmichoin-  xwfhdhi|x pjrg|  ( fin Ifujciv -  Airxg|  (. -Mgn|xDiopagaa Laidc !9889; 596( Pg|lgfiinnxi limriPg|in fin ewnbth Ifujciv ogrichah cgpgnvhnbinoitxi|iciv tgfinbcin pjahth! kicti fin michoogrichah cgpgnvhnbin ngbi|i fin pgog|hnvim.Fgnbin fgohchin oici Ifujciv fhvwnvwv ifinxi p|jegthjniahtog xinb vhnbbh fh fiaio ognkiaincin p|jegthnxi.Ifnin Lwxwnb Nitwvhjn! ognbwnbcipcin limri p|jegth ifujciv ifiaim  e|gg p|jegthjnia3cglglitin p|jegth vhfic tgcgfi| fgoh p|jegthifujciv hvw tgnfh|h! ogaihncin kwbi bwniogrwkwfcin cgpgnvhnbin xinb aglhm awit! xihvwvg|dhpvinxi agolibi pg|ifhain xinb lglit3 hnfgpgnfgn kwfhdhi|x xinb og|wpicin p|itxi|ivfiaio ogngbiccin |wag je air fin ogaictinicinnhaih/nhaih fgojc|ith. -E|int Mgnf|i Rhnivi! 9887;96(Ognw|wv Dmig|woin Mi|imip tgvhficnxi ogn/diviv tgkwoaim miolivin pgngbicin twp|goithmwcwo fh invi|inxi -Dmig|woin Mi|imip! <004;<6(3 -9( Lgawo tgopw|ninxi pg|inbciv mwcwo! -<(Oithm |gnfimnxi hnvgb|hvit oj|ia ipi|iv pgngbic mwcwo! -4( Pgngbic mwcwo lgawo p|jegthjnia-cgdicipin! cgvg|iophain fin hnvgagcvwiahvit|gnfim(! -6( Pgnbmithain ipi|iv pgngbic mwcwo|gnfim! -7( Oithm |gnfimnxi vhnbciv cgtifi|inmwcwo oitxi|iciv! -5( Cw|inbnxi ti|ini fin p|iti|ini! -2( Vg|kifhnxi diopw| vinbin pgog|hnvimfiaio p|jtgt pg|ifhain.Ifujciv ifiaim tiaim tivw pgngbic mwcwotgmhnbbi fhpg|awcin ifinxi hnvgb|hvit fin p|jegthjniahtog fiaio ognkiaincin p|jegthnxi!tgmhnbbi miolivin fiaio pgngbicin twp|goithmwcwo fipiv fhivith. Wnvwc ognkibi dhv|i fincgrhliriin ifujciv ifiaim tiaim tivw ewnbthfi|h tglwim j|binhtith ifujciv - li| ittjdhivhjn (.Ewnbth hnh vg|cihv g|iv fgnbin pg|in j|binhtithifujciv wnvwc ognkiohn cwiahvit pgaixinin xinbfhlg|hcin cgpifi pwlahc. Cgowfhin ewnbth/ewnbthvg|tglwv fhkili|cin fiaio ivw|in/ivw|in vgnvinbgvhci p|jegth ifujciv xinb vg|fh|h fi|h tgkwoaimitit - dinjnt (! ivw|in vgnvinb vinbbwnb kiril fintvinfi|v cg|ki p|jegth -  p|jegtthjnia |gtpjnthlhahvhgtinf tvinfi|ft je rj|c  (! tg|vi ivw|in pgngbicinfhthpahn - fhtdhpahni|x p|jdggfhnbt (. Wnvwc ogahmiv
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