5-2 The Rise of Greek City-States

Publish in

Documents

5 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 6
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
5-2 The Rise of Greek City-States. Geography Located on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula Mountains isolated Greek city states. Each was located in the valleys. The city-states frequently fought with each other.
Transcript
5-2 The Rise of Greek City-StatesGeographyLocated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula Mountains isolated Greek city states. Each was located in the valleys. The city-states frequently fought with each other.The coastline was rocky with 100s of bays and natural harbors. Also 1000s of islands in the Aegean make up the rest of Greek controlled lands.The sea was their vital link to the outside world.Economy – exports: olive oil, wine, marble imports: metals, grains, ideas (alphabet)The Greeks colonized rim of the Mediterranean from Spain to EgyptChanges in WarfareWarfare increased the power of the middle class650 BC iron replaced bronze for making weapons & gear for soldiersThe Phalanx was the new fighting method. Rich & poor shared training which provided unity and reduced class differences.These changes created development of the 2 most powerful city-states: Sparta & AthensSparta
  • Political Structure was an Oligarchy with 2 kings which had power during war. One king was left in Sparta to look after affairs, the other led the army in battle.
  • Helots were the serfs of Sparta – provided all economic activities and food for Spartan citizens
  • Lycurgus – the lawgiver, established military- oriented reform of Spartan society
  • Leonidas – great warrior king, Battle of Thermopylae
  • AthensHad the world’s 1st democracy with a Council of 500 that met everyday, and the Assembly that met 40 days of the year. All Athenian citizens ( adult men over 30) could participate in the Assembly. The Council was chosen by lottery each year.Solon – Father of democracyGoverning the City-StatesEvolution of governmentMonarchyAristocracyOligarchyTyrannyDemocracy (Athens only)Polis = Greek city-stateAcropolis = religious centerForces of UnityLanguage –everyone spoke & wrote Greek Heros– Trojan War Festivals – non work days Olympics–competitions between all city states Religion – they were polytheistic, consulted oracles or fortune tellers, believed their gods weresuper humans & even had flaws. Some thinkers believed the universe was regulated by natural laws.Their View of Non-Greeks – “Barbars” stammers, Greek superiority gave them a uniqueness as they looked down on all non-Greeks.
    Related Search
    Related Documents
    View more...
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks