ANSI C63.2-1996

Publish in

Documents

55 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 38
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
Standard for educational purpose
Tags
Transcript
   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017-2394, USACopyright © 1998 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.All rights reserved. Published 7 December 1998. Printed in the United States of America.  Print:  ISBN 0-7381-1462-6 SH94696  PDF:  ISBN 0-7381-1506-1 SS94696  No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.  ANSI C63.5-1998  (Revision ofANSI C63.5-1988)  American National Standard for Electromagnetic CompatibilityÑRadiated Emission Measurements in Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) ControlÑCalibration of Antennas (9 kHz to 40 GHz)  Accredited Standards Committee on Electromagnetic Compatibility, C63  accredited by the  American National Standards Institute  Secretariat  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.  Approved 11 November 1998  American National Standards Institute  Abstract:  Methods for determining antenna factors of antennas used for radiated emission mea-surements of electromagnetic interference (EMI) from 9 kHz to 40 GHz are provided. Antennas in-cluded are linearly polarized antennas such as loops, rods (monopoles), tuned dipoles, biconicaldipoles, log-periodic dipole arrays, broadband horns, etc., which are used in measurements gov-erned by ANSI C63.4-1992. The methods include standard site (i.e., 3-antenna), reference antenna,equivalent capacitance substitution, standard transmitting loop, standard antenna, and standardÞeld methods. Keywords:  antenna factors, equivalent capacitance substitution, linearly polarized antennas, nearfree space, reference antenna, standard antenna, standard site, standard transmitting loop Authorized licensed use limited to: George Mason University. Downloaded on April 21,2012 at 18:34:30 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.   American National Standard  An American National Standard implies a consensus of those substantially concerned with its scopeand provisions. An American National Standard is intended as a guide to aid the manufacturer, theconsumer, and the general public. The existence of an American National Standard does not in anyrespect preclude anyone, whether he has approved the standard or not, from manufacturing, market-ing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not conforming to the standard. Amer-ican National Standards are subject to periodic reviews and users are cautioned to obtain the latesteditions.  CAUTION NOTICE:  This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time.The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken to reaf-Þrm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than Þve years from the date of publication. Purchas-ers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling orwriting the American National Standards Institute.Authorization to photocopy portions of any individual standard for internal or personal use isgranted by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., provided that the appropriatefee is paid to Copyright Clearance Center. To arrange for payment of licensing fee, please contactCopyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA;(978) 750-8400. Permission to photocopy portions of any individual standard for educational class-room use can also be obtained through the Copyright Clearance Center. Authorized licensed use limited to: George Mason University. Downloaded on April 21,2012 at 18:34:30 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.   Copyright © 1998 IEEE. All rights reserved.  iii  Introduction  [This introduction is not part of ANSI C63.5-1998, American National Standard for Electromagnetic CompatibilityÑRadiated Emission Measurements in Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) ControlÑCalibration of Antennas (9 kHz to40 GHz)].  ANSI C63.4-1992, American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissionsfrom Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronics Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz, has undergoneseveral revisions since the srcinal document covering methods of measurement was produced in 1940.Although many improvements were made in the standard from time to time, the reproducibility of measure-ments of radiated interference from one test site to another has not been completely satisfactory.In 1982 a concerted effort was organized in Subcommittee One of the Accredited Standards Committee C63to determine how the technique could be improved. Evidence showed that the variability was due, in part, toinadequate (a) control of site ground plane conductivity, ßatness, site enclosures, effects of surroundingobjects, and certain other site construction features, (b) accounting for antenna factors, associated cabling,and balun and device under test characteristics, and (c) consideration of mutual coupling effects between thedevice under test and the receiving antenna and their images in the ground plane. Accordingly, ANSI C63.4has been revised, and ANSI standards C63.5, C63.6, and C63.7 were prepared to provide additional informa-tion. This standard provides methods of calibration of antennas for use on the test site.In 1993 a concerted effort was begun to bring the Standard Site Method of ANSI C63.5 into CISPR as themethod of antenna calibration to be used in CISPR Publication 16. During the ensuing discussions, itbecame apparent that several features of ANSI C63.5 were not acceptable to the international community. Inparticular, calibration measurements at 3 m were unacceptable. Furthermore, while ANSI C63.5 recom-mends that only horizontal polarization be used for antenna calibration, it included information on calibra-tion using vertical polarization. This was considered ambiguous and unacceptable by CISPR SubcommitteeA. During the use of ANSI C63.5 over the last several years a number of errors were discovered and theseneeded to be corrected. ANSI standards C63.2 and C63.4 specify antennas from 9 kHz to 30 MHz and from1000 MHz to 40 GHz for which no calibration procedure was available in ANSI C63.5. Accordingly, ANSIC63.5 has been revised to eliminate those features that the international community found objectionable, andthus provides harmonization with international standards while allowing a US National deviation from thosestandards. This revision corrects errors which use of the standard has shown, and extends it to cover all of theantennas speciÞed in ANSI standards C63.2 and C63.4 from 9 kHz to 40 GHz.  Participants  At the time that the Accredited Standards Committee on Electromagnetic Compatibility, C63, approved thisstandard, it had the following membership:  Ralph M. Showers,  Chair  Edwin L. Bronaugh,   Vice Chair  Patricia Gerdon,   Secretariat   Organization RepresentedName of Representative  Aeronautical Radio, Inc. (ARINC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dan MartinecPaul Prisaznuk  (Alt.)  Alliance for Telecom. Industry Solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John F. LichtigAmerican Automobile Manufacturers Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terry RybakBarbara Wendling (Alt.)  American Council of Independent Laboratories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ross A. HansenWalter Poggi (Alt.)  American Radio Relay League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hugh TurnbullEdward F. Hare (Alt.)  Association of American Railroads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Allman Authorized licensed use limited to: George Mason University. Downloaded on April 21,2012 at 18:34:30 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.   iv  Copyright © 1998 IEEE. All rights reserved.  Association of Telecommunications Attorneys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glen DashJon Curtis (Alt.)  AT&T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Keith PeavlerESD Association. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Douglas C. SmithFederal Communications Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L. Art WallThomas Phillips (Alt.)  Food and Drug Administration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jon CasamentoJeffrey L. Silberberg (Alt.)  Hewlett-Packard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ray MagnusonInformation Technology Industry Council (ITI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William T. RhoadesJohn Godfrey (Alt.)  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edwin L. BronaughDonald N. HeirmanNestor KolcioLucent Technologies—Bell Labs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. Robert HofmannSteven M. Crosby  (Alt.)  National Association of Broadcasters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kelly Williams National Electrical Manufacturers Association. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William J. MurphyKenneth Gettman  (Alt.)  National Institute of Standards and Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motohisa KandaOklahoma University Center for the Study of Wireless EMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hank GrantDonald Heirman (Alt.)  Radio Shack Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dwayne CampbelJoel Guskin (Alt.)  Siemens ROLM Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. Stephen BergerSociety of Automotive Engineers (Aerospace) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Herbert K. MertelSociety of Automotive Engineers (Land Vehicle). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poul AndersenSouthwest Research Institute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . James J. PolonisWilliam E. Cory (Alt.)  Telecommunications Industry Association. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eric J. SchimmelTUV Product Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Daniel D. HoolihanTim O’Shea (Alt.)  Underwriters Laboratories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Willard TuthillCorey Hyatt (Alt.)  Unisys Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wallace AmosJohn Baumeister  (Alt.)  US Air Force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John ZentnerDennis Baseley (Alt.)  US Dept. of Energy—Oak Ridge National Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paul EwingRichard A. Hess (Alt.)  US Dept. of Energy—Western Area Power Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scott E. JohnsonUS Dept. of the Navy, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marcus ShellmanUS Dept. of Transportation —Federal Aviation Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert FrazierViolette Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. L. Norman VioletteMichael F. Violette (Alt.)  WIN Forum AT&T Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anatoly TsaliovichMembers-at-Large. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ralph CalcavecchioVernon L. ChartierArthur Heath LightJohn D. OsburnWerner SchaeferRalph M. Showers Authorized licensed use limited to: George Mason University. Downloaded on April 21,2012 at 18:34:30 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.
Related Search

Previous Document

ppt tugas bu happy.pptx

Next Document

Bali

We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks