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Topic: Caliphates, Byzantine Empire, Name: ______________________________________ Period: __________ and Western Europe Essential Question: What were the major causes and effects of the creation of the Islamic caliphates and how did Jews, Christians, and Muslims interact? How did the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches unify social and political systems? What are the characteristics of feudalism and manorialism and how are they connected to the Fall of Rome? Annotations
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  Topic: Caliphates, Byzantine Empire, Name: ______________________________________ Period: __________ and Western Europe Essential Question: What were the major causes and effects of the creation of the Islamic caliphates and how did Jews, Christians, and Muslims interact? How did the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches unify social and political systems? What are the characteristics of feudalism and manorialism and how are they connected to the Fall of Rome?   Annotations The Early Caliphates Mohammad and his wife, Khadijah spread Islam Abu-Bakr elected caliph (leader) after Mohammad died (632 C.E.) Later Caliphates After the fourth caliph died, the Umayyads took control Abbasids took control from Umayyads (750-1258 C.E.)    Muslim Culture Under Caliphates Urban areas centered around learning, technology, and art Social classes based on religion Art centered on calligraphy and natural and geometric shapes Byzantine Empire Centered in Constantinople as Eastern Roman Empire Emperor could make religious decisions and control patriarchs    Threats to Europe Western Roman Empire fell in 476 C.E. Vikings raided towns and monasteries Magyars invaded western Europe in the 800s The Feudal System (Political) Kings needed support to protect territories Peasants and serfs worked the land for nobles The Manorial System (Economic) Vassals had to give resources to the king and/or their lords   Peasants and serfs lived on and worked the land Life Under Feudalism/Manorialism Lords Knights  Noblewomen Peasants/Serfs Three Cultures Meet Roman Catholic Church united Western Europe as center of political and social life
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