Changing Spaces - Land Tenure, Enclosure & Later Prehistoric Communities In Orkney [James Moore]

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1. Changing Spaces: Land Tenure, Enclosure and Later Prehistoric Communities in Orkney James Moore, Orkney College UHI 2. Later Prehistoric Atlantic Scotland  Later…
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  • 1. Changing Spaces: Land Tenure, Enclosure and Later Prehistoric Communities in Orkney James Moore, Orkney College UHI
  • 2. Later Prehistoric Atlantic Scotland  Later Bronze Age (c.1200 – 800BC)  Early Iron Age (c.800 – 400BC)  Middle Iron Age (c.400BC – AD200)
  • 3. PRACTICE IDENTITY It is not by their inner attributes that persons or organisms are identified but by their positions vis-à-vis one another in the relational field (Ingold 2000, 149) TENURE Tenure is not simply the relationship between people and the soil, it represents the appropriation and transcendence of the natural world by humans (Johnston 2001, 101)
  • 4. Geophysical survey ‘Being-in-the-world’ Detailed mapping
  • 5. Yesnaby Borwick (Middle Iron Age) Spretta Meadow (Late Bronze Age – Early Iron Age)
  • 6. I feel really at home amongst the heather, thistles, hills and sheep…cradled within the landscape (AEA - 7th August 2008)
  • 7. ...more sheltered amongst the burnt mounds…surrounding slopes almost create an armchair of visibility looking towards the coast. (GJL – 9th October 2008)
  • 8. Sounds of water; waves crashing behind me and trickling streams inland… (JMM – 27th November 2008)
  • 9. …limited visibility, a ridge to the south and the big dyke to the north…the broch provides a comforting presence…feel sheltered despite the wind in my face. (JMM - 14th May 2009)
  • 10. Late Bronze Age – Early Iron Age  An extensive use of space  Different ways of defining these spaces  Different practices in different parts of the landscape, linked by movement and vision  No single centre – a patchwork of spaces centred on the self? Middle Iron Age  A world centred upon the roundhouse – home is where the hearth is  A series of nested spaces  Intensive investment in a small area of the landscape  Other practices and resources beyond
  • 11. Changing Identities  Extensive practices (LBA-EIA) − An interlaced network of places, plots and paths − People appropriate different parts of the landscape in subtly different ways − Diversity of practices and social interaction  Intensive practices (MIA) − A contraction of space – inside/outside − Soil as an artefact − Areas ‘beyond the pale’ − Clearer ties between people and parts of the landscape − Reinforcement of local identities focused upon the house and ‘territory’?
  • 12. Finally a huge thank you to all of the students, friends and colleagues who have supported me, helped me and provided much needed motivation on cold, wet mornings. Thank you
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