Clark Pockets of Belief

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Clark Pockets of Belief
  CANADIAN SOCIAL TRENDS SPRING 2003 Statistics Canada — Catalogue No. 11-008 2 Pockets of high religious attendancefound in almost every province In 1946, about 67% of the adult popu-lation attended religious services on aweekly basis. 1 According to the GeneralSocial Survey, by 2001 the weekly atten-dance rate had slipped to 20%; themonthly religious attendance rate 2 alsofell: from 43% in 1986 to 31% in 2001. 3 Attendance rates vary widely acrossCanada. Previous research has shownthat historically Newfoundland andLabrador, Prince Edward Island andNew Brunswick have had the highestmonthly attendance rates while Que-bec, Alberta and British Columbia have 1.Veevers, J.E. and E.M. Gee. 1988.  Religiously Unaffiliated Canadians: Demographic and Social Correlates of Secularization – Final Report . p. 18.2.Attendance at religious services at least once a month (includes weeklyattendees).3.Monthly religious attendance rates havealso fallen in the United States to 45% in2000 from 54% in 1986 while weeklyrates dropped to 25% in 2000 from 32%in 1986. Source: U.S. General SocialSurvey, Survey Documentation andAnalysis, University of California, Berke-ley. (accessedSeptember 23, 2002). Pockets of belief: Religious attendancepatterns in CanadaPockets of belief: Religious attendance patterns in Canada  by Warren Clark   Statistics Canada — Catalogue No. 11-008 SPRING 2003 CANADIAN SOCIAL TRENDS  3 had the lowest. 4 Yet pockets of highattendance rates often exist inprovinces that have low attendanceand vice versa. The attached map of Canada shows pockets of high atten-dance in Cape Breton, the Gaspé andparts of southwestern Ontario nearLake Huron, parts of southern Mani-toba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Highattendance is also widespread in Newfoundland and Labrador, NewBrunswick and Prince Edward Island.British Columbia is the only provincethat does not seem to have a high atten-dance region. Although New Brunswickis a high attendance province, there areseveral census divisions where monthlyattendance is at the middle level. Quebec sees big drop inreligious attendance Quebec’s monthly attendance droppedthe most during the 1990s, with thecensus metropolitan areas (CMAs) otherthan Montréal seeing the largestdecline. As a result, by the turn of thecentury (1999 to 2001) Montréal andQuébec City had the lowest monthlyattendance rates among CMAs. Unlikethe rest of the country, British Colum-bia and Toronto and Vancouver sawsmall increases in monthly religiousattendance rates between the early1990s and the end of the decade. Age and immigration status influence religious attendance rates Many factors influence the level of religious attendance, including demo-graphics, immigration patterns and thecultural history of a region. Religiousattendance is strongly related to age:seniors have the highest attendancerates, while those aged 25 to 34 havethe lowest. Therefore, one might expectthat high attendance rates would occurin areas with higher percentages of  Religious attendance (at least once per month)AverageAverage1989-19931999-2001Difference% of population aged 15 and over Canada 36 32 -5*Newfoundland 47 43 -4*Prince Edward Island 56 53 -3Nova Scotia 39 36 -3*New Brunswick 55 43 -11*Quebec 37 25 -13*Ontario 38 36 -2*Manitoba 37 36 0Saskatchewan 43 39 -5*Alberta 32 31 -1British Columbia 23 25 2*St. John‘s 44 36 -8*Halifax 37 31 -6*Saint John 48 43 -5*Saguenay 46 29 -17*Québec 37 21 -15*Sherbrooke 39 26 -13*Trois-Rivières 40 29 -12*Montréal 29 21 -8*Ottawa-Hull 35 28 -7*Kingston 40 33 -7Oshawa 37 30 -7*Toronto 37 38 2*Hamilton 36 36 0St. Catharines-Niagara 43 38 -5Kitchener 39 37 -2London 38 35 -3Windsor 46 38 -8*Sudbury 43 40 -3Thunder Bay 30 31 1Winnipeg 34 34 0Saskatoon 41 37 -4Regina 35 33 -2Calgary 28 29 1Edmonton 31 30 -1Abbotsford 38 41 3Vancouver 24 28 4*Victoria 20 20 1 * Difference is statistically significant at the 90% confidence level.Source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey. Among provinces, Quebec had the largest drop in monthlyattendance rates… CST  T   … while among CMAs, Vancouver had the largest increase 4.Clark, W. Winter 2000. “Patterns of religious attendance.” Canadian Social Trends. p. 23-27  .   CANADI  AN S  O CI  AL T R E ND S   S P R I  N  G 2  0  0  3   S  t   a  t  i   s  t  i   c  s  C  a n a  d  a — C  a  t   a l   o g u eN  o.1 1 - 0  0  8  4  HalifaxHalifax Iqaluit IqaluitTorontoWhitehorse hitehorse   Whitehorse Yellowknife YellowknifeVictoria CANADA Monthly Religious Attendance1999 - 2001 Québec Québec Ottawa Hull Ottawa-HullWinnipeg innipeg   Winnipeg Regina ReginaEdmonto dmonton   Edmonton Source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey. Percentage of adult populationattending religious servicesat least once per month *Sample too small to produce reliable estimatesSparsely populated*25% to 40%40% and overLess than 25% Montr ontréal   Montréal Vancouver VancouverSaint John  algary Calgary  Saskatoon SaskatoonSt. John’s  seniors. This, in fact, is true forSaskatchewan, parts of Manitoba, CapeBreton, the Lake Huron shore inOntario and the Gaspé in Quebec,which have somewhat higher percent-ages of seniors. There are, however,other areas with high percentages of seniors but not high religious atten-dance rates.Immigrants are concentrated inCanada’s three largest CMAs (Toronto,Montréal and Vancouver). Becauseimmigrants attend religious servicesmore frequently than Canadian-bornadults, their presence in these cities mayinfluence attendance rates. Toronto andVancouver saw an increase in monthlyattendance rates, while Montréal’s rate declined less than those of otherCMAs in Quebec. Nationally, monthly religious attendance rates of Canadian-born adults dropped from 35% in the1989 to 1993 period to 28% between1999 and 2001, while the rate for thoseborn outside Canada increased slightlyfrom 42% to 45%. In Toronto and Vancouver, the monthly religious atten-dance rates of adults born outsideCanada increased while the Canadian-born rate decreased or showed nosignificant change. In Montréal, atten-dance rates declined among bothadults born outside Canada and theCanadian-born, but the drop wassmaller for immigrants. Warren Clark  is a senior analyst with Canadian Social Trends . Statistics Canada — Catalogue No. 11-008 SPRING 2003 CANADIAN SOCIAL TRENDS  5 Religious attendance (at least once per month)AverageAverage1989-19931999-2001Difference% of population aged 15 and over MontréalCanadian-born 26 17 -9*Born outside Canada 44 40 -4TorontoCanadian-born 31 28 -3*Born outside Canada 44 50 6*VancouverCanadian-born 19 21 2Born outside Canada 35 39 4* * Difference is statistically significant at the 90% confidence level.Source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey. Immigration influences religious attendance in the threelargest CMAs CST  T   CST  T   On May 13, 2003, StatisticsCanada will release 2001 Censusdata on the size, composition,and geographical distribution ofreligions in Canada. Data will beavailable on the Statistics Cana-da Web site onthat day. Almost every year since 1985, Statistics Canada’s General Social Sur-vey (GSS) has interviewed adults aged 15 and over living in privatehouseholds in the 10 provinces. The GSS has collected informationabout the frequency of attendance at religious services (excludingspecial occasions such as weddings, funerals and baptisms). Theaccompanying map and tables show the percentage of the adult pop-ulation aged 15 and over who attend religious services at least onceper month (including weekly attendance). The monthly attendancerates on the map have a coefficient of variation of 16.6% or less. Tomaintain this level of reliability, some geographically contiguous cen-sus divisions in all provinces except Newfoundland and Labrador andPrince Edward Island were combined. The maps are divided into fourreligious attendance categories: 1) sparsely populated areas consist-ing of the Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut which were notsurveyed by the GSS. In addition, insufficient numbers of respon-dents were surveyed in the northern parts of several provinces toproduce reliable estimates for these areas. This group represents lessthan 1% of the adult population aged 15 and over; 2) low levels ofmonthly religious attendance where less than 25% of the adult pop-ulation attended at least once a month. This group represents abouta quarter of the adult population; 3) mid-level of monthly religiousattendance of between 25% and just less than 40%. This group rep-resents about 60% of the adult population; and 4) high level ofmonthly religious attendance where 40% or more of the adult popu-lation attended religious services at least once a month. This grouprepresents about 14% of the adult population. What you should know about this study CST  T
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