Development of a tool for choosing the best picture book apps for digital e -readers: Some guidelines for educators

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Development of a tool for choosing the best picture book apps for digital e -readers: Some guidelines for educators. Marcy Zipke Providence College http:// What is an e-book anyway?. Is it just semantics?
Development of a tool for choosing the best picture book apps for digital e-readers: Some guidelines for educatorsMarcy Zipkemzipke@providence.eduProvidence Collegehttp://appsmykidslike.blogspot.comWhat is an e-book anyway?
  • Is it just semantics?
  • E-book vs. interactive storybook app
  • Jeremy Brueck: term is too broad. Can be a PDF of the book, or 75% movie.
  • Creators of Bats! Furry Fliers of the Night suggest “bapp,” short for “book app.” Say their intent was to make reading “deeper and richer”
  • Features of an e-bookPre-tablet computersExciting new featuresanimation zooming in and outhotspots activated by the touch screenmusical scoresvoice recognitionsurprises that occur with tilting and shaking of the physical machine
  • Text and illustrations on a screen, accompanied by an oral reading
  • text highlighting
  • built-in dictionaries
  • sound effects
  • Are e-books good for children? Shamir and Korat (2009) reviewed the research on pedagogical uses of e-books and concluded there is “accumulating research literature showing the positive effects of well-designed software on children’s cognitive and social development” (p. 171).What does it mean to be well-designed?
  • Focus on literacy experiences, rather than games, movies, or other distractions
  • But what about background music? interaction with the characters?
  • In some instances—in some e-books, and for some students—these interactive elements contribute valuable background knowledge, vocabulary support, and more. In other e-books, or for other students, those same elements can be distracting.
  • Each e-book needs to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis
  • What is quality literature?
  • Began by thinking about what I look for in print books
  • Norton’s (1995) developmental approach
  • at ages 3 and 4, preschoolers are beginning to compare two things and identify which is bigger or smaller, so Rod Campbell’s Dear Zoo
  • Exemplars of good writing
  • Judy Schachner’sSkippyjon Jones = voice
  • Margie Palatini’sMoosestache= sentence fluency
  • Mo Willem’s Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus = persuasive writing
  • How does this translate to e-books?
  • E-books should make good use of the medium, while still encouraging good literacy practices.
  • Provide a read-aloud that enhances comprehension (Matthew, 1996)
  • Display the text with tracking that can be turned on/off (Kluver, 2012)
  • Have word pronunciation and dictionary tools (Olson and Wise, 1992)
  • Scaffold the reader through all animation and interactive media (Brueck, 2013)
  • Systematic review
  • 25 e-books, chosen by positive review in a respected source like The New York Times or Kirkus Reviews. Goal was to have a selection of quality literature with interesting digital features to analyze.
  • Approximately half were originally published in print. Half are original e-books. All aimed at pre-k to grade 3.
  • Listed and cross-referenced all the features of the e-books, until categories emerged. Focused on interaction with the characters, interaction with the language, sound (both in terms of the music and sound effects), navigation of the e-book, and specific skill instruction.
  • Attempted to critically analyze their role in helping or hindering a young student’s independent reading of the e-book.
  • “Nobody Knows the Trouble I’ve Seen” in The Great Cookie Thief = distracting or an aid to comprehension?
  • Results
  • A table with categories for interaction with the characters, interaction with the language, sound, navigation, and specific skill instruction in which I had written notes for every e-book
  • The best e-books were interactive, but not so interactive that the storyline was lost
  • Sound supported the story and added to the students’ background knowledge
  • Navigation of the e-book was simple or supported by characters within the story
  • Some e-books supported a particular element of literacy instruction
  • Example: Winken, Blinken, and Nod by Larva Labs as a fluency tool
  • Suggestions for Getting Started1. Make a List of Which Features are Most Important to You
  • Who will be reading these e-books? What do you want them to learn?
  • 2. Browse Reviews on the Internet
  • www.kirkusreviews. com/book-reviews/ipad
  • 3. Look for Lite or Free Versions of the App4. Go For It!5. Set Up the App, Try it Out, and Read it with Kids6. Weed Out the Duds
  • 9/10 times, they won’t even notice…
  • E-books evaluated in the study
  • Arnold, M.D. (2013). Prancing dancing Lily. San Rafael, California: Fat Red Couch.
  • Bartleby’s book of buttons. (2010)Seattle, WA: Monster Costume.
  • Bobo explores light. (2011). Seattle, WA: Game Collage, LLC.
  • Bruza, M. (2012). Even monsters get sick. Santa Clarita, CA:Busy Bee
  • Carson, M.K. (2012). Bats! Furry fliers of the night. New York: Bookerella with Story Worldwide.
  • Curtis, J.L. (2012). Where do balloons go? Los Angeles:Auryn Media.
  • E-books evaluated in the study, con’t
  • Drori, S. (2011). The magnificent travelling palace.PlaneTree Family Productions.
  • Field, E. (2011).Winken, Blinken, and Nod. New York: Larva Labs Ltd.
  • Gleeson, B. (2010). Pecos Bill. Wilton, CT: Ruckus Mobile Media.
  • Hachler, B. (2010). What does my teddy bear do all day? Los Angeles:Auryn Media.
  • Kingsley, E.P. (2012). The great cookie thief. New York: Callaway Digital Arts. (Publisher is out of business; search app store)
  • Lester, H. (2010). Tacky the penguin. San Diego, CA:Oceanhouse Media, Inc.
  • E-books evaluated in the study, con’t
  • The land of me—story time. (2012).London: Made in Me.
  • The little red hen. (2009). Hong Kong:
  • Mayer, M. (2010). I just forgot. San Diego, CA:Oceanhouse Media.
  • Melbourne, C.(2012). Goldilocks and the three bears. London: Playfuel.
  • Melling, D. (2012). HuglessDougless. London: Heavy Entertainment.
  • The princess and the pea. (2012). Israel: TabTale LTD
  • E-books evaluated in the study, con’t
  • Rounds: Parker Penguin/Franklin Frog. (2012). London: Nosy Crow Ltd.
  • Shanahan, S. (2011). Love you to the moon and back. Los Angeles:Auryn Media.
  • Stone, J. (2011). The monster at the end of this book. New York: Callaway Digital Arts in association with Sesame Workshop. (Publisher is out of business; search app store)
  • Dr. Seuss Properties. (2011). Horton hears a who. San Diego, CA:Oceanhouse Media.
  • Dr. Seuss Properties. (2011). The cat in the hat. San Diego, CA:Oceanhouse Media.
  • The tortoise and the hare. (2010). Hong Kong, China: Kidztory.
  • The three little pigs. (2011). London: Nosy
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