DNA Structure

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DNA Structure . Essential Standard 3.1.1 - Explain the double-stranded, complementary nature of DNA as related to its function in the cell. . What is DNA?. DNA stands for D eoxyribo n ucleic A cid. DNA is a nucleic acid. Where is DNA located?.
DNA Structure Essential Standard 3.1.1 - Explain the double-stranded, complementary nature of DNA as related to its function in the cell. What is DNA?DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid.DNA is a nucleic acid.Where is DNA located?DNA is located in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and in the nucleoid region of a prokaryotic cell.DNA and the Eukaryotic CellDNA can not leave the nucleus!!! Can you determine why?It is too big!!!DNA’s Jobs!!!Holds our genetic information.Has the instructions for making proteins.DNA StructureDNA’s StructureDNA’s structure is described as a double helix.It shaped like a ladder that is twisted.Who determined this structure?James Watson and Francis Crick are given credit for determining the structure of DNA.Structure determination continued..Rosalind Franklin also did a lot of background work that Watson and Crick used to help determine the structure.DNA StructureDNA is a nucleic acid. Nucleic acids are polymers.Nucleic acids are made of monomers called nucleotides.Nucleotides are made of a sugar, phosphate and a base.The Specifics for DNA
  • Deoxyribose is the sugar found in DNA.
  • There are four different nitrogenous bases found in DNA. They are:
  • Adenine
  • Thymine
  • Guanine
  • Cytosine
  • DNA’s Bases
  • There are two classes of nitrogenous bases:
  • Purines
  • Pyrimidines
  • Purines have two rings.
  • Adenine and Guanine are purines
  • Pyrimidines have one ring.
  • Cytosine and Thymine are pyrimidines.
  • DNA’s BasesHow the “pieces” are arranged…The sugar and phosphate groups alternate on the outside of the strands.The bases are bonded to the sugar. The bases are located on the inside of the double helix.The bases are held together by weak hydrogen bonds.DNA StructureDNA Base Pairings
  • Watson and Crick determined that a purine bonds with a pyrimidine.
  • The bonding pairs are:
  • Adenine and Thymine
  • Cytosine and Guanine
  • The bases are held together with hydrogen bonds.
  • A and T are held together by two hydrogen bonds.
  • G and C are held together by three hydrogen bonds.
  • DNA StrandsThe strands of DNA are said to be anti-parallel.Review…….efabcd
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