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De la Cruz 1 Carlos De La Cruz Prof. Okafor Global Issues Univ2002 FDU May 6, 2017 Nanotechnology in Medicine De la Cruz 2 Nanotechnology is a cutting-edge technology that has impacted almost all aspects of scientific community today. Nanotechnology is the branch of technology that deals with materials smaller than 100 nanometers known as na
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   De la Cruz 1Carlos De La CruzProf. Okafor Global IssuesUniv2002 FDUMay 6 201!  Nanotechnology in Medicine   De la Cruz 2  ano#e$%nolo&y is a $u##in&'e(&e #e$%nolo&y #%a# %as i)*a$#e( al)os# all as*e$#s of s$ien#ifi$ $o))uni#y #o(ay. ano#e$%nolo&y is #%e bran$% of #e$%nolo&y #%a# (eals +i#% )a#erials s)aller #%an 100 nano)e#ers kno+n as nano*ar#i$les. ano*ar#i$les are )a(e of #%ousan(s of a#o)s bu# are s#ill )u$% #oo s)all #o be (ire$#ly visible +i#% a li&%# )i$ros$o*e.   ano*ar#i$les are so #iny #%a# #%ousan(s of #%e) $oul( fi# on#o #%e %ea( of a  *in. ,%ese s)all *ar#i$les $an in#era$# +i#% $ells on #%e )ole$ular level an( $oul( *erfor) )ira$les in )o(ern )e(i$al s$ien$e  .   ano#e$%nolo&y $o)bines $on$e*#s an( #e$%nolo&iesfro) s$ien$e en&ineerin& an( #e$%nolo&y #o &enera#e ano (evi$es an( nano*ar#i$les #%a# fa$ili#a#es biolo&i$al #rea#)en#s. Fur#%er)ore nano#e$%nolo&y $onsis#s of $on#rollin&  *ro*er#ies an( s#ru$#ures of )a#erials a# nanos$ale +i#% e-#raor(inarily varie( an( ne+  *ro*er#ies.   ano#e$%nolo&y is bein& use( alrea(y #o(ay in bio)e(i$al an( (ru& (elivery $os)e#i$s ele$#roni$s a&ri$ul#ure an( foo( $lo#%in& in(us#ry es*e$ially in )ili#ary $lo#%in& ener&y s#ora&e )e#allur&y an( )a#erials an( i# +ill be use( in o#%er *ro(u$#s in #%e fu#ure.   De la Cruz / fiel( in +%i$% nano#e$%nolo&y a**li$a#ion *ro)ises a &rea# fu#ure is )e(i$ine.   ano#e$%nolo&y %as been use( #o i)*rove #rea#)en# an( bio)e(i$al *ro$esses in #%e )e(i$al fiel( as +ell as en%an$in& resear$% in bio#e$%nolo&y  .  ,%e use of nano#e$%nolo&y in #%e fiel( of )e(i$ine are s#ill in resear$% bu# #%ere are so)e a**li$a#ions bein& use( #o(ay.   Curren#ly nano#e$%nolo&y a**li$a#ion in )e(i$ine in$lu(es e)*loyin& nano*ar#i$les as a #ar&e#e( (ru&s (elivery #o s*e$ifi$ #y*es of $ells. /lso s$ien#is#s %ave (evelo*e( a #%era*y #e$%niue kno+n as nanos*on&es #%a# absorb #o-ins an( re)ove #%e) fro) #%e bloo(s#rea). Fur#%er)ore s$ien#is#s %ave foun(e( a +ay #o use nano*ar#i$les as (ia&nos#i$ #ools for early s#a&e (iseases sin$e nano*ar#i$les are useful in fi&%#in& ba$#erial infe$#ions in #%e bo(y. Moreover in vivo i)a&in& is also ano#%er as*e$# of )e(i$ine #%a# u#ilizes nano*ar#i$les an( #ools. Me(i$al i)a&in& #e$%nolo&ies allo+ a fas# (ia&nosis an( evalua#ion of a +i(e ran&e   of si$kness. ano#e$%nolo&y is very valuable an( i)*or#an# fiel( of (ia&nos#i$ i)a&in& usin& )a&ne#i$ resonan$e i)a&in& MI3 $o)*u#e( #o)o&ra*%y C,3 *osi#ron e)ission #o*o&ra*%y P4,3 an( )ul#i)o(al i)a&in&. /((i#ionally nano*ar#i$les $an be use in +i(e ran&e of )e(i$ine as*e$#s as $an$er #%era*y or&an #rans*lan# s#o* in#ernal blee(in& bone re$ons#ru$#ion $onvenien# &lu$ose )oni#orin& (e#e$#ion of (iseases va$$ines res#ore si&%# an( #issue en&ineerin&. ,%e use of nano#e$%nolo&y in #%e fiel( of )e(i$ine +ill $%an&e #%e +ay +e (ia&nose an( #rea# #%e %u)an  bo(y (iseases in #%e fu#ure.  ano)e(i$ine is #%e use of nano#e$%nolo&y for (ia&nosin& #rea#in& an(  *reven#in&  (iseases. ano)e(i$ine in$lu(es #%e (elivery an( #ar&e#in& of *%ar)a$eu#i$al #%era*eu#i$ an( (ia&nos#i$ a&en#s usin& nano*ar#i$les #o $an$er an( o#%ers $ells. ano*ar#i$les %ave several (iverse uses in #%e )e(i$al fiel(. Mos#ly nano#e$%nolo&y %el*s in #rea#in& $an$er an( (es#royin& $an$erous $ells in #%e bo(y. Me(i$al e-*er#s usually in5e$# nano*ar#i$les in #%e areas affe$#e( by   De la Cruz $an$erous $ells an( #%en (a)a&e #%e e-is#in& $ells usin& $o)*le- bio)e(i$al *ro$ess.   ano#e$%nolo&y fur#%er assis#s in i(en#ifyin& *a#%o&ens an( o#%er %ar)ful or&ani$ aliens in #%e  bo(y. ,%e use of nano#%era*y in $an$er #rea#)en# offers #%e o**or#uni#y of (es#royin& $an$er #u)ors +i#% )ini)al (a)a&e #o %eal#%y #issue an( or&ans as +ell as #%e (e#e$#ion an( eli)ina#ion of $an$er $ells before #%ey for) #u)ors. 4ssen#ially nano*ar#i$les $on#ainin& iron o-i(e $an be in#ro(u$e( in#o a #u)or an( #%en #%e #u)or is sub5e$#e( #o %ea# in a s*ora(i$ )a&ne#i$ fiel(. /lso ano*ar#i$les $an easily &e# a##a$%e( a# a #u)or be$ause #u)ors (o no# %ave a fun$#ional ly)*%a#i$ (raina&e s#ru$#ures. In o#%er +or(s nano#%era*y )akes *ossible #o a##a$% nano*ar#i$les #o #u)ors an( #%en in5e$# %ea# #o #%e areas affe$#e( by $an$erous $ells +i#%ou# (a)a&in& #%e o#%er bo(y $ells. ,%e use of nano#e$%nolo&y in (ru& (elivery is in$reasin& ui$kly. Dru& (elivery is a vi#al  *ro$ess in #%e #rea#)en# of bo(y (iseases an( ail)en#s an( nano*ar#i$les are useful in #ar&e# s*e$ifi$ (ru& (elivery. ano*ar#i$les en%an$e( (ru& (elivery involves usin& #%e reuire( (ru& (ose is use( an( #%e si(e effe$#s of su$% (ose are su**resse( $onsi(erably by (e*osi#in& #%e a$#ive a&en#s in #%e )orbi( areas only. One of #%e basi$ a(van#a&es of (ru& (elivery usin& nano#e$%nolo&y is #%e fa$# #%a# i# re(u$es #%e *ain e-*erien$e( by #%e *a#ien# (urin& #rea#)en#. /lso ele$#ro)e$%ani$al sys#e)s *o+ere( by nano*ar#i$les are essen#ial in #%e a$#ive (is$%ar&e of (ru&s. ,%is is #%e s#ra#e&y #%a# )e(i$al e-*er#s a**ly +%en #%ey use iron nano*ar#i$les #o #rea# $an$er be$ause nano#e$%nolo&y en%an$es #%e use of #ar&e#e( )e(i$ine in i#s a**li$a#ion i# )akes#%e #rea#)en# e-er$ise )ore effe$#ive #%us re(u$in& #%e overall $os# of #rea#)en#. In o#%er +or(s #%e (ru& (elivery a**roa$% *o+ere( by nano#e$%nolo&y )akes #rea#)en#s #o be )ore $os# effe$#ive in #%e lon& run. ,%is is be$ause nano*ar#i$les en%an$e #%e bioavailabili#y of nano)e(i$ine e)*loye( in (ru& (elivery be$ause of #%eir s*e$ial sizes. ano e)*o+ere(
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