History of the Ancient and Medieval World The Glory That was Greece Part 1: Rise of City-States

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History of the Ancient and Medieval World The Glory That was Greece Part 1: Rise of City-States. Walsingham Academy Mrs. McArthur Room 111. Greece Rebuilds (review). Ca . 1194 B.C.E. Trojan War Ca . 1100 B.C.E . Mycenaean palaces collapse: Dark Age
History of the Ancient and Medieval WorldThe Glory That was GreecePart 1: Rise of City-StatesWalsingham AcademyMrs. McArthurRoom 111Greece Rebuilds (review)Ca. 1194B.C.E.Trojan WarCa. 1100B.C.E. Mycenaean palaces collapse: Dark Age850B.C.E. Greek population begins to grow; trade and settlements increase: Archaic Period776B.C.E. Traditional date of first Olympic Games750-720B.C.E.Homer750B.C.E. City-States emerge; overseas colonization begins; Greeks adopt alphabet from Phoenicians.700-650B.C.E. Hoplite armor and tactics develop; Spartans conquer Messenia.Checkpoint: (cause and effect)
  • What geo-politico-economic factors led to the Trojan War?
  • The period after the fall of Mycenae has seemed “dark.” Examine 2 reasons. How has this period emerged more clearly to historians?
  • Why did ancient Greece develop into many small, self-governing city-states and why did they conquer or colonize surrounding regions?
  • Class ActivitiesPrimary Source: Xenophon’s Constitution of the Lacedaemonians:
  • What do you think daily life in military Sparta was like?
  • Describe the Spartan student dress code. What was its purpose?
  • What bias might the historian consider in examining this source?
  • Assignment 1:Due Wed. 10/22Read 118-123 and with your partner, divide the responsibility for the assignment below:
  • Complete Note Taking Study Guide
  • Define 12 bold-blue words and answer 4 Checkpoint questions.
  • For the People’s Good:
  • What battlefield behavior did Tyrtaeus praise?
  • What might happen if a soldier in the front ranks of the phalanx fled?
  • Hoplite RevolutionCa. 500 B.C.E.Hoplite in full battle dress depicted on vase. Bronze shield used to create phalanx-protective formation.Greece Rebuilds (review)670-500B.C.E. Tyrants rule many city-states600B.C.E.Coins are first minted (Lydians); science and philosophy start in Ionia.594B.C.E. Solon reforms Athenian ConstitutionCa. 560-510B.C.E. Peisitratus and sons rule as tyrants in Athens;Sparta is dominant in Peloponnese508B.C.E. Cleisthenes’ democratic reforms unify Attica.Early CoinsLydian LionAthenian Owlsilver dekadrachm (ca. 400 B.C. E.)Solon: The Lawgiver
  • Solon created fair and just laws.
  • Solon initiated the formation of democratic government as opposed to absolute rule by nobility.
  • Statues and sculpture of him are in the halls of the Library of Congress, US House of Representatives and the Supreme Court of the United States,
  • Peisistratus:The Builder and Civic Booster
  • Respected Solon’s Reforms
  • Created Festivals
  • Initiated Public Building Projects
  • Made People Proud to be Athenian
  • Cleisthenes
  • Credited with having established democracy in Athens,
  • His reforms (end of the 6th Century BC) made possible the Golden Age of Athenian civilization (5th Century BC.)
  • Born into one of the city's foremost political dynasties (brother-in-law to Peisistratus:) an unlikely champion of the people when they rebelled against tyranny.
  • Themistocles“Tragic” Hero of Persian War
  • Brilliant general + crafty politician
  • Wartime leader (against Xerxes’ Persia)
  • Defeats Persians- Salamis naval battle
  • Arrogant, Corrupt (ultimately ostracized)
  • Dies in Persia (working for enemy’s son!)
  • SpartaAthensClass Activities
  • Check and rehearse your homework with a partner.
  • Complete Graphic Organizer
  • Assignment 2Read in text, pp. 124-128 and complete Note Taking Guide 4:3.Note: Check Extra-Credit Possibilities for this week!Athens Demands ActionWhat did Miltiades demand of Callimachus and what did he say would happen if Callimachus failed?What does this speech suggest about Greek preparations for war against the Persians?Assignment 3
  • Based on text, pp. 124-128, define 6 bold-blue terms and answer 3 Checkpoint questions.
  • Geography Interactive: Persian Wars
  • Note: Check Extra-Credit Possibilities for this week!Assignment 4
  • Read text, pp. 129 and answer Thinking Critically(questions 1 & 2)
  • What did Pericles mean when he said that Athens “is an education to Greece”?
  • How did Pericles view public life?
  • Monitor your progress:
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