International Students in the UK

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International Students in the UK. Jon Simmons Home Office Science: Migration and Border Analysis. Notable rise in student migrant numbers since 2008. Long-term international immigration to the UK by main reason for migration. Source: ONS International Passenger Survey.
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International Students in the UKJon SimmonsHome Office Science: Migration and Border AnalysisNotable rise in student migrant numbers since 2008Long-term international immigration to the UK by main reason for migrationSource: ONS International Passenger SurveyBoth Non-EU and EU student migration are rising.....Inflows of those migrating for formal study, 2005-10Source: ONS: International Passenger Survey....with India and China supplying the most students from outside the European UnionNon-EU student (and student dependant) arrivals in 2010Source: Home Office, Immigration StatisticsHalf of non-EU students study at non-HE institutions.....Source: Home Office Occasional Paper 90: Overseas students in the immigration system ......while the majority of non-EU students at Universities are postgraduates.....Source: Home Office Occasional Paper 90: Overseas students in the immigration system .....whereas those at privately funded HE/FE institutions are mainly studying at below degree levelSource: Home Office Occasional Paper 90: Overseas students in the immigration system China has the highest stock of students in publicly funded HEI’s, and the fastest growing numberStocks of non-EU students in publicly funded HEI’s from 2008/09 to 2010/11The highest number of non-EU students are Chinese and Indian Most Indians (85%) are postgraduates but Chinese students are more evenly split Around three-quarters of Hong Kong and Malaysian students are undergraduatesSource: HESA One in five non-EEA students remain in the system five years after first being granted a student visa......The 2004 cohort – immigration status in 2009, five years after their initial visa, by route 185,600 students in 2004 cohort were granted student visas
  • 79% had left the immigration system within 5 years;
  • 15% had transferred to other routes, mainly work
  • 3% had obtained settlement
  • - 6% were still students
  • Source: Home Office Migrant Journey Second Report.....and for some important nationalities this proportion doubles.Student visas granted in 2004 and their immigration status at end of 2009 – highest volume countriesSource: Home Office Migrant Journey Second ReportForeign students are keen to remain in the UK after graduation, and many do soLikelihood of 2010 graduates to undertake various activities in next 5 years, by nationalitySource: Tracking International Graduate Outcomes 2011, i-graduate (for Department for Business, Innovation and Skills)Of the 6% who were still students after 5 years, a third were studying at undergraduate level or belowLong term students: Study route sample by level of studySource: Home Office Migrant Journey Second report (case file analysis)UK Border Agency has found issues with compliance amongst studentsStudents’ compliance by type of sponsoring institutionSource: Home Office Occasional Paper 90: Overseas students in the immigration system UK Border Agency enforcement arrests of student visa holders increased in 2010...Number of Tier 4 visa arrests by enforcement; Sept 2009 – Nov 2010Source: Home Office: Points-based system Tier 4 attendance at privately funded colleges; Annex: Background Information...and student visa holders were responsible for 13.5% of asylum claims matched to a visa in 2010Asylum applications matched to PBS T4 (General) Student VisasSource: Home Office: Points-based system Tier 4 attendance at privately funded colleges; Annex: Background Information
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