LING 388: Language and Computers

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LING 388: Language and Computers. Sandiway Fong Lecture 27. Administrivia. Homework 9 due at start of class Reason: we’ll need it today … Homework 8 graded y ou should have had an email from me . Homework 8 review. Examples: Bill ate his soup quietly
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LING 388: Language and ComputersSandiway FongLecture 27Administrivia
  • Homework 9 due at start of class
  • Reason: we’ll need it today…
  • Homework 8 graded
  • you should have had an email from me
  • Homework 8 review
  • Examples:
  • Bill ate his soup quietly
  • The smell of lilies filled Jennifer's nostrils
  • Bill kissed Mary
  • The falling rocks crushed the car
  • Jamie cut the ribbon with a pair of scissors
  • An avalanche destroyed the ancient temple
  • Johnny and Linda played carelessly in the park
  • The caravan continued on toward the distant oasis
  • I sent Johnthe letter
  • The rocket was launched from Central Command
  • I baked Reggiea cake
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 1. Bill ate his soup quietly
  • eat.v (Ingestion)
  • Ingestor [Ing]
  • Ingestibles [Ingible]
  • Manner [Manr]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 2. The smell of lilies filled Jennifer's nostrils
  • Ambiguous
  • fill.v(Adorning)
  • Location [Loc]
  • Theme [Thm]
  • fill.v (Filling)
  • Goal [Goal]
  • Theme [Thm]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 2. The smell of lilies filled Jennifer's nostrils
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 3. Bill kissed Mary
  • kiss.v (Manipulation)
  • Agent [Agt]
  • Entity [Enty]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 4. The falling rocks crushed the car
  • crush.v (Reshaping)
  • Cause [Cause]
  • Undergoer [Und]
  • crush.v (Cause_harm) - not this one!
  • Cause [Cause]
  • Victim [Vic] - sentient
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 4. The falling rocks crushed the car
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 5. Jamie cut the ribbon with a pair of scissors
  • cut.v (Cutting)
  • Agent [Agt]
  • Item [Item]
  • Instrument [Ins]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 6. An avalanche destroyed the ancient temple
  • destroy.v (Destroying)
  • Cause [Cause]
  • Undergoer [Und]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 7. Johnny and Linda played carelessly in the park
  • Play as a verb
  • play by the rules.v (Compliance)
  • play.v (Performers_and_roles)
  • Performer [Perfer]
  • Place [Place]
  • Manner [Manr]
  • play.v (Competition)
  • play.v (Cause_to_make_noise)
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 8. The caravan continued on toward the distant oasis
  • No real match in Framenet:
  • continue.v (Process_continue)
  • Event [Evnt]
  • Place [Place]
  • continue.v (Activity_ongoing)
  • Activity [Activity]
  • Agent [Agent]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 9. I sent John the letter
  • send.v (Sending)
  • Recipient [Rec]
  • Sender
  • Theme [Theme]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 10. The rocket was launched from Central Command
  • launch.v (Shoot_projectiles)
  • Agent [Agt]
  • Projectile [Projectile]
  • Source [Src]
  • Homework 8 Review
  • 11. I baked Reggie a cake
  • bake.v (Cooking_creation)
  • Cook [Cook]
  • Produced_food [Food]
  • Recipient [Rec]
  • Homework 9
  • Last time…
  • Exercise 2:
  • add subject wh-questions
  • e.g. Who bought a book?
  • Homework 9:
  • Add object wh-questions
  • e.g. What did John buy? What was bought by John?
  • Add yes/no-questions
  • e.g. Did John buy a book? Was a book bought by John?
  • Homework instructions: modify g26.plHomework 9 Review
  • Objectwh-questions
  • Homework 9 Review
  • Objectwh-questions
  • Homework 9 Review
  • Objectwh-questions
  • missingnp|0what moves from object position to subject position (passivization),then from subject position to sbarq (wh-movement)Homework 9 Review
  • Note that passive sentences all don’t have np(0) in the parse:
  • Solution is to modify the parse returned by the passive vp rule
  • Homework 9 Review
  • Change the passive VP rules:
  • Add np(0) to the parse trees returned:
  • Homework 9 ReviewHomework 9 Review
  • Passivization followed by wh-movement:
  • Homework 9 Review
  • Yes/no-questions: Did John buy a book?
  • Homework 9 Review
  • Yes/no-questions: Was a book bought by John?
  • cf. a book was bought by Johnalso can add a rule for were (vbd_pl)Homework 9 Review
  • Yes/no-questions: Was a book bought by John?
  • cf. a book was bought by JohnHomework 9 Review
  • Yes/no-questions: Was John eating a sandwich?
  • cf. John was eating a sandwichSubject-aux inversiong27.plg27.plSubject-aux inversion for v_aux (be)We could also implement for v_aux2 (have)and v_aux3 (modals)Has John been buying the books?Will John buy the books?Today’s Topic
  • Start converting the English grammar to report
  • predarg(Pred,Arg1,Arg2,Type) instead of the detailed parse trees that we’ve been using so far…
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