PACT OF STEEL LEADERS

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PACT OF STEEL LEADERS. LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY: Felt Germany had been humiliated by the treaty; wanted revenge. HITLER. FAMILY WEALTH Middle class Father was a government official Mother was a housewife. HITLER. FIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI
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PACT OF STEEL LEADERSLEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY:
  • Felt Germany had been humiliated by the treaty; wanted revenge
  • HITLERFAMILY WEALTH
  • Middle class
  • Father was a government official
  • Mother was a housewife
  • HITLERFIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI
  • Artist – applied for art school but was rejected because he could only draw landscapes.
  • HITLERMILITARY GOALS
  • Build up military by ignoring treaty
  • Take over government
  • Create the Nazi Party
  • HITLERVIEWS ON NATIONALISM VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
  • Believed in nationalism; controlled people through fear and terror so that there are few individual rights
  • HITLERTERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN
  • Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia, Danzig
  • HITLERQUALITY AND STRENGTH OF ARMY
  • Strong & well trained
  • Well equipped for war; access to technology
  • Used secret police to carry out questionable assignments
  • HITLERSPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD
  • Captivating & Charismatic
  • Utilized propaganda and fan faire to draw in German people
  • HITLERRELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE
  • Blamed Jewish media for premature armistice at the closing of WWII.
  • Further blamed wealthy Jewish population for scandal during Depression
  • HITLERPUBLIC APPEARANCES
  • Often, Elaborate
  • Used mass media
  • Controlled access to information to bolster public appearance of strength
  • HITLERWAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER
  • Hitler did not send military aid to Japan
  • Hitler always stayed loyal to Mussolini because there was never any conflict of interest.
  • Mussolini certainly the weaker partner
  • HITLERLEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH VERSAILLES TREATY
  • Not happy, Felt cheated
  • Because Italy joined the Allies late, the Fiume Region was not awarded to them at Versailles.
  • MUSSOLINIFAMILY WEALTH
  • Father was a blacksmith, mother was a school teacher
  • Lower middle class
  • MUSSOLINIFIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI
  • Newspaper Editor
  • MUSSOLINIMILITARY GOALS
  • Institute a Fascist Government and unite the Italian Peninsula
  • MUSSOLINIVIEWS ON NATINALIMS VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
  • Wanted a Fascist Government
  • “Everything in the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state”
  • Few Individual Rights
  • MUSSOLINITERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN
  • Fiume, Dalmatia, Ethiopia, Albania, Egypt, Greece
  • MUSSOLINIQUALITY AND STRENGTH OF THE ARMY
  • Weapons were outdated and in poor condition
  • Boasted that he had 10 million soldiers
  • MUSSOLINISPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD
  • Powerful
  • MUSSOLINIRELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE
  • Wasn’t bothered by them
  • MUSSOLINIPUBLIC APPEARANCES
  • Appeared publicly often
  • Organized marches to put the power of the Italian government on display.
  • MUSSOLINIWAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER
  • Didn’t inform Hitler when he was going to invade a territory, caused Hitler to delay his military plans
  • Hitler was often cleaning up the errors that Mussolini created
  • MUSSOLINILEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY
  • Angry, felt cheated because they couldn’t have territory in China
  • Felt ignored by the European Powers and left Versailles early.
  • HIROHITOFAMILY WEALTH
  • Emperor – distinct from other leaders of the era
  • HIROHITOFIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI
  • Emperor
  • HIROHITOMILITARY GOALS
  • Desired to become the eclipsing power in the Eastern Hemisphere
  • Worked toward these goals by instituting militarism and building up their military
  • HIROHITOVIEWS ON NATIONALISM VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
  • The State Rules
  • HIROHITOTERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN
  • China, Korea, Manchuria, Philippines, Malaya, Singapore, Burma, Thailand, East Indies
  • HIROHITOQUALITY AND STRENGTH OF ARMY
  • Well trained and strong
  • Dedication to goals of Military and State are very strong!
  • HIROHITOSPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD
  • Awkward and uncomfortable
  • HIROHITORELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE
  • none
  • HIROHITOPUBLIC APPEARANCES
  • Very rare
  • Not necessary, the support of the population wasn’t something that he had to harness as an emperor.
  • HIROHITOWAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER
  • Acted at Pearl Harbor without Hitler’s prior knowledge
  • Did not send military aid to Hitler when fighting against Russia
  • HIROHITO
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