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Poetry. Terms and Examples. Theme. The meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary work Example: The theme of “The Monkey’s Paw” might be that you should be careful what you wish for. . Form.
PoetryTerms and ExamplesTheme
  • The meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary work
  • Example: The theme of “The Monkey’s Paw” might be that you should be careful what you wish for.
  • Form
  • The way a poem’s lines and words are arranged on the page is its form.
  • Most common forms are the ballad, epic, ode, sonnet, and free verse.
  • Lines and Stanzas
  • Poems are written in lines, which can vary in length. The poet chooses the line length to fit the rhythm, feeling, or thought expressed in the poem.
  • Lines are grouped together in stanzas. These are sections of the poem separated by a space.
  • Rhyme
  • Repetition of sounds at the end of words (shell and well)
  • Internal Rhyme: rhyming words within the same line
  • End Rhyme: use of rhymes at end of lines
  • Pattern of end rhymes in a poem is called the rhyme scheme
  • Rhythm
  • The pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables in a line
  • Stressed syllables are word parts that are read with emphasis, while unstressed syllables are less emphasized
  • Repetition
  • Sounds, words, phrases, or lines that are stated or used more than once in a poem.
  • Used to emphasize an idea or convey a certain meaning
  • Happy, happy, happy, so happy!
  • Alliteration
  • The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words
  • Example: No one knows your name
  • Imagery
  • Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses
  • Poets use imagery to create a picture in the reader’s mind
  • Example: The wet green grass gleamed.
  • Figurative Language
  • Conveys a meaning beyond the ordinary, literal meaning
  • Simile, metaphor, personification
  • Simile
  • A comparison of two things with a common quality
  • Expressed using the words like or as
  • Example: The dog was as small as a mouse.
  • Example: The horse was skinny like twig.
  • Metaphor
  • Also a comparison of two things with a common quality but it does not use the words like or as.
  • Example: She is a clown= she is crazy.
  • Personification
  • When a poet describes an animal or object as if it were human or had human qualities
  • Example: The tea cups in Beauty and the Beast are examples of personification.
  • Symbol
  • A person, place, an object, or an action that stands for something beyond itself.
  • Example: Bald Eagle is a symbol for the United States of America.
  • Speaker
  • The speaker is the voice that talks to the reader in a poem like a narrator in a story
  • Not necessarily the poet
  • Voice
  • The distinctive style or manner of expression
  • Can reveal much about the author’s or narrator’s personality
  • Free Verse
  • Free verse is poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme, rhythm, or meter. Free verse is used for a variety of subjects.
  • Narrative Poetry
  • Tells a story or recounts events
  • Includes a plot, characters and setting
  • Epics and ballads
  • Ballad
  • A type of narrative poem that tells a story.
  • Meant to be sung or recited
  • Has a setting, a plot, and characters
  • Most have regular patterns of rhythm and rhyme
  • Epic
  • A long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or group
  • Lyric Poetry
  • Presents the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
  • Sonnet, elegy, ode, and free verse
  • Ode
  • A type of lyric poem that addresses broad, serious themes such as justice, truth, or beauty
  • Sonnet
  • A poem that has a formal structure, containing fourteen lines and a specific rhyme scheme and meter
  • Means “little song” and can be used for a variety of topics
  • Elegy
  • A type of lyric poem of mourning or lamentation for the dead. Usually it expresses sorrow over the death of someone the poet admired, loved or respected; sometimes it simply mourns the passing of all life and beauty.
  • Dramatic Poetry
  • May also tell a story but focuses more on character
  • Soliloquies and monologues
  • Couplet Poem
  • A two-lined poem that rhymes.
  • We Jack o’ Lanterns have a song
  • That we like to sing all night long.Try to write your own!
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