Roadmap to Prayer Lesson 36

Publish in



Please download to get full document.

View again

of 15
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Rehov Kahanami n 54, Bnei Brac 03.616.6340 164 Vi l l age Pat h, Lakewood NJ 08701 732.370.3344 fax 1.877.Pi rchei (732.367.8168) T H E PI RCH EI SH OSH AN I M ROADMAP T O PRAYER PROJECT The Roadmap t o Prayer Lesson 36 © Pirchei Shoshanim 2006 This shiur may not be reproduced in any f orm without permission of the copyright holder T T h h e e R R o o a a d d m m a a p p t t o o P P r r a a y y e e r r 531 Maariv - Par t 2 The Thi rd Bl essi ng (bracha) The bracha
  Rehov Kahanamin 54, Bnei Brac 03.616.6340164 Village Path, Lakewood NJ 08701 732.370.3344 fax 1.877.Pirchei (732.367.8168) THE PIRCHEI SHOSHANIM ROADMAP TO PRAYER PROJECT The Roadmap to PrayerLesson 36 © Pirchei Shoshanim 2006This shiur may not be reproduced in any form without permission of the copyright holder  TThheeRRooaaddmmaappttooPPrraayyeerr 531 Maariv - Part 2 The Third Blessing (bracha) The bracha that follows immediately after the reading of Shema ( Krias Shema ) beginswith the words V e   E munah Kol Z os (It is authentic; this entire etc.) The bracha endswith Baruch A tta H ashem Go   al Y israel (Blessed are You, H ashem Who redeemedIsrael). This bracha (blessing) is referred to as Ge   ulah, theblessing of Redemption, which is to be recited right before Shemoneh E srei    Tefilla. This is what is meant by thenecessity of being Somech Ge   ulah L e   Tefilla (that the prayer for Redemption shouldimmediately be said prior to reciting the Shemoneh E srei ) . Although this bracha (blessing)is recited after the reading of the Shema ( Krias Shema ) , it doesn’t begin with a formal Baruch A tta H ashem E lokeinu M elech H a   olam (Blessed areYou H ashem , King of the Universe) , since this too is considered a Bracha H asemuchaL e   chaverta (a blessing that follows in succession to another blessing). It is consideredas a consecutive blessing with the bracha of A havas Olam and to the first bracha of H aM aariv A ravim, which is the first of the series of blessings and begins with BaruchA tta H ashem E lokeinu M elech H a   olam. Semichas Ge’ulah Le’Tefilla - The Order of Prayer Just as by Shacharis we are required to say the ending bracha of Birchos Krias Shema the bracha of Go   al Y israel, (the blessing of the Redemption of Israel)and then begin Shemoneh E srei without interruption. Similarly by the evening Prayer ( Tefillas M aariv )we are also required to do the same to a certain extent. The main difference is that by M aariv we seemingly always interrupt it with many other things. However, we will seethat in truth we usually do fulfill the dictum of being Somech Ge   ulah L e   Tefilla by M aariv as well. Understanding Semichas Ge’ulah Le’Tefilla In the morning prayers ( Tefillas Shacharis )we are always Somech Ge   ulah L e   Tefilla. Wefinish the final blessing of the reading of Shema ( bracha of Krias Shema ) with BaruchA tta H ashem Go   al Y israel and immediatelywe start Shemoneh E srei . The only thing thatis between the two is the verse H ashem Sefasaye Tiftach, ( H ashem Please open my lips) Lesson 36  THE PIRCHEI SHOSHANIM ROADMAP TO PRAYER PROJECTAN ATTACHMENT OF THE SOUL – LESSON 36 532 which the Gemara 1 deems not to be an interruption because the Shemoneh E srei beginswith that verse. Likewise by M aariv, our intent is to end with the bracha of Go   al Y israel and then immediately followed by the Shemoneh E srei of M aariv . However, this is reallynot the case. After the bracha of Go   al Y israel we still have to at least say the bracha of H ashkiveinu (Lay us down to sleep) and Chatzi-Kaddish (Half-Kaddish) while in ChutzL a   A retz (Diaspora) we also have to say the bracha of Baruch H ashem L e   olam A menve   A men. The Gemara answers that since the Rabbanan instituted to recite the bracha of H ashkiveinu at M aariv, it is now considered as if it were part of the blessing ofRedemption ( bracha of Ge   ulah ) . The Gemara refers to this as being Ge   ulah A richta    one long Blessing of Redemption. The extension of these blessings continues with the bracha of Baruch H ashem L e   olam A men ve   A men 2 . The Chatzi-Kaddish (Half-Kaddish)that comes after this bracha and before the start of Shemoneh E srei should normally beconsidered an interruption between Ge   ulah and Tefilla, except that we recite it therefor another reason as we will soon explain 3 .The Sefer H aE shkol 4 writes the following explanation how the blessing of H ashkiveinu ties in with the topic of Redemption. He writes that when the Jewish people were onthe verge of leaving Egypt, they were commanded at first not to leave their housesthe entire night of the 15 th of N issan (the Hebrew calendar date that Passover begins).This was to protect them from pestilence and plague that were rampant in Egypt onthat night which started with the Smiting of the first-born Egyptians. At that time the Bnei Y israel were fervently praying a prayer for Divine protection. Therefore, such aprayer is said each night to protect the children of Israel from any danger and evilthat is more prevalent at night. Amen after the Bracha of Hashkiveinu The M echaber 5 rules that one should answer A men after the bracha of H ashkiveinu; evenafter one’s own bracha since this comes at the end of a series of brochos. The opinionof the Rama is not to recite A men after one’s own bracha except for the bracha of Boneibe   rachmov Y erushalayim A men, by Birchas H amazon (the Grace after a meal of bread). 1 Berachos 4b and 9b 2 This blessing is not mentioned by the Talmud as it was only said later on in time 3 See Gemara Bearchos daf 4b, Tosefos, Rosh Simon 5 and Students of Rabbeinu Yonah on the Rif for various opinionsregarding the reason for the institution of the Baruch H ashem L e   olam prayer. 4 Prayer Chapter 9; M ishna Berura 236:3 in the name of the Students of Rabbeinu Yonah. 5 236:4  THE PIRCHEI SHOSHANIM ROADMAP TO PRAYER PROJECTAN ATTACHMENT OF THE SOUL – LESSON 36 533 Amen after the Bracha of Baruch Hashem Le’olam The opinion of the M echaber 6 is that where the custom is to recite the blessing BaruchH ashem L e   olam one shouldn’t answer A men at the end of one’s own bracha eventhough it is the last of a series of brochos (blessings)since it is really independent fromthe blessings of the reading of Shema ( Birchos Krias Shema ) . When saying the closing of this blessing Baruch A tta H ashem H amelech bichvodo tamidY imloch aleinu le   olam va   ed etc. (Blessed are You, H ashem , the King in His glory, He shallconstantly reign over us forever and ever etc.) one should not say this as a prayer that H ashem should reign over us forever, because closings of blessings are not meant tobe prayers; it’s only a praise that H ashem reigns forever and ever 7 . Other Interruptions that are Allowed Even though we are careful to be Somech Ge   ulah L e   Tefilla by M aariv , nevertheless the Gabbai (the sexton) is permitted to announce the necessary additions that one needsto insert into the M aariv Shemoneh E srei of Rosh Chodesh ( Y a   aleh V eyavoh  – Bring upand bring forth). Likewise, he may make an announcement to begin saying V e   sein Tal   M atar 8 (Give us dew and rain) which is a necessary insertion that’s integral to Shemoneh E srei during that time of year. The M ishna Berura 9 adds that he may evenannounce the additions for Chanukah and Purim ( A l H anissim ) even though they arenot integral to Shemoneh E srei they are still important parts of Shemoneh E srei . Boththese announcements are not considered interruptions between Ge   ulah and Tefilla, because they are for the purpose of praying ( davening ) Shemoneh E srei properly and arerelated to Shemoneh E srei. Although we allow the Gabbai 10 to announce the above-mentioned additions to Shemoneh E srei, he may only do so when he himself reached up to Shemoneh E srei. However, he may not make these announcements if he himself is still in the middleof Birchas Krias Shema where such interruptions are not allowed. 6 Ibid. 7 M agen A vraham 236:4 8 Vs’sein Tal u’ Matar L’ Bracha – Give Dew and Rain for a Blessing - This Prayer is begins to be said from Maarivon December 4 th or the 5 th until the holiday of Pesach. 9 236   k 7 10 Gabbai – Director of Congregational affairs and Services
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks