Saving Seeds

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Saving Seeds. Seed Saving. Hybrid vs. heirloom seeds Isolating plants Methods for cleaning and storing. Hybridization. Practiced by humans for thousands of years Hybrid = cross between two different plants. Hybridization contd. Parent plants chosen, each with desired trait
Transcript
Saving SeedsSeed Saving
  • Hybrid vs. heirloom seeds
  • Isolating plants
  • Methods for cleaning and storing
  • Hybridization
  • Practiced by humans for thousands of years
  • Hybrid = cross between two different plants
  • Hybridization contd.
  • Parent plants chosen, each with desired trait
  • Stamens on flower of “mother” or seed plant are removed to prevent self-pollination
  • Flowers are pollinated with pollen from the “father” or pollen plant
  • Hybridization contd.
  • Plants produced by this cross are the F1 generation or first filial generation & will reflect the selected traits
  • Seeds from hybrid crosses will not produce these selected seed traits
  • How Hybrids Are CreatedSo What??If you plant seed taken from a plant that was grown from hybrid seeds, the next generation may not have the same traits.Consider using heirloom seeds, i.e. open pollinated and not the result of hybridization.What Are the Advantages?
  • Vast selection of plant varieties
  • Allows for more self-reliance and less dependence on seed companies
  • Perpetuate plants that have been grown for centuries
  • Saving Seed
  • Need to know:
  • How different plants are pollinated
  • Your bees and insect pollinators
  • When to isolate plants
  • Needed equipment
  • How to clean
  • How to store
  • How Perfect Flowers Are Pollinated Perfect flowers (male & female parts)
  • Self-pollinate
  • Easy to collect and save their seeds
  • Examples: tomatoes, beans, lettuce, peas
  • How Imperfect Flowers are Pollinated Imperfect flowers (separate male and female flowers on each plant)
  • Depend on wind, honeybees, or other insects for pollination
  • Must be protected from cross-pollination
  • Examples: squash, pumpkins, cucumber, corn, spinach
  • Perfect flowers that don’t self-fertilize
  • Also known as self-incompatible
  • Examples: onions, cabbage, broccoli, carrots, dill
  • Methods of Isolation
  • Distance
  • Planting only one variety
  • Patterns of planting
  • Timing
  • Mechanical
  • Hand Pollination
  • Mechanical IsolationUse:
  • Floating row covers
  • Fine mesh screening
  • Pollinating bags
  • Seed CleaningWet processing, fermentation, and dryingDry processing and winnowingSeed Storage
  • Store in cool, dry place
  • Never over 95 degrees
  • Use airtight containers for best results
  • Desiccants (e.g. silica gel) can aid in moisture control
  • Many annual and vegetable seeds can be kept safely for 2 to 3 years
  • WebsiteYavapai County Cooperative Extension Publicationshttp://extension.arizona.edu/yavapai
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