Studying Geography

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CHAPTER 1. Studying Geography. Section 1: Themes and Essential Elements Section 2: Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools. Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements. Objectives:. What are the two main branches of geography? How do we use geography?
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CHAPTER 1 Studying Geography Section 1: Themes and Essential Elements Section 2: Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools Section 1Themes and Essential Elements Objectives:
  • What are the two main branches of geography?
  • How do we use geography?
  • What are some ways we can organize our world and the study of geography?
  • Section 1Themes and Essential Elements Two main branches of geography:
  • human geography—distribution and characteristics of the world’s people
  • physical geography—Earth’s natural environments
  • Section 1Themes and Essential Elements How we use geography:
  • in government—for mapmaking and planning
  • in business—for marketing and development
  • in schools—for education
  • Section 1Themes and Essential Elements Organizing the world:
  • By regions: formal, functional, perceptual Organizing the study of geography:
  • By five themes—location, place, human-environment interaction, movement, region
  • By six essential elements 1. The World in Spatial Terms 2. Places and Regions 3. Physical Systems
  • 4. Human Systems 5. Environment and Society 6. The Uses of Geography Section 2Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools Objectives:
  • How do geographers and mapmakers organize our world?
  • What kinds of special maps do geographers use?
  • How do geographers use climate graphs and population pyramids?
  • Section 2Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools How geographers and mapmakers organize the world:
  • by drawing lines on the globe
  • by identifying hemispheres, continents, and bodies of water
  • by making and using maps
  • Section 2Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools Special-purpose maps
  • climate and precipitation maps
  • population and economic maps
  • elevation profiles and topographic maps
  • Section 2Skill Building: Using the Geographer’s Tools Climate graphs
  • Climate graphs show average temperatures and precipitation in a place. Population pyramids
  • Population pyramids show the percentage of males and females by age group in a country’s population, and help chart population trends.
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