Teaching Pragmatics in Context

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Teaching Pragmatics in Context. Fanny Law & Cherry Ngai San Francisco State University. Project Motivation. Personal experiences New international students Awkwardness in conversation Background Pragmatics is not a focus of academic English Pragmatics is a multi-disciplinary subject
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Teaching Pragmatics in ContextFanny Law & Cherry NgaiSan Francisco State UniversityProject Motivation
  • Personal experiences
  • New international students
  • Awkwardness in conversation
  • Background
  • Pragmatics is not a focus of academic English
  • Pragmatics is a multi-disciplinary subject
  • However,
  • Essential in daily social interaction
  • What is Pragmatics?Kasper, G. & Rose, K.R. (2001), Leech (1983), Thomas (1983)PragmaticsSociopragmaticsPragmalinguisticsSociopragmatics
  • Intercultural Communication
  • Conceptual Differences of Pragmatic Norms
  • A Relative Concept (Moeschler, 2004)
  • Situation-Based (Wolf & Polzenhagen, 2006)
  • Pragmalinguistics
  • Interlangauge Pragmatics
  • Language Proficiency ≠ Pragmatic Competence
  • Exposure to the target language context
  • Pragmatic Transfer
  • Learning Process
  • Kasper & Schmidt (1996), Kasper (1992)Pedagogical Implications
  • Teachability
  • Implicit Instruction & Explicit Instruction (Koike & Pearson, 2005)
  • Awareness Raising (Bardovi-Harlig & Griffin, 2005)
  • Guideline for Teaching PragmaticsContextUtterance InterpretationInterlocutors’ StatusPragmatic CompetenceUtterance InferencesRegisterCross-cultural DifferencesNon-verbal CommunicationSemantics & SyntaxMaterial Development
  • Speech Act Research
  • Conversation Analysis
  • Speech Act Corpus DataApologiesThe Suzuki SAC (Speech Act Corpora)Cohen & Olshtain. (1981). Americen apologies. http://www.carla.umn.edu/speechacts/apologies/american.htmlVideoStudent Worksheet – Awareness Raising ActivityStudent Worksheet (Con’t)Follow-up Activities
  • Group Discussions
  • Elicit Ss’ background pragmatic knowledge
  • Negotiations raise their awareness of differences
  • Instructions
  • Applying Corpus data to teaching materials
  • Script writing / Role play
  • Have the Ss provide solutions
  • References
  • Bardovi-Harlig, K. & Griffin, R. (2005). L2 pragmatic awareness: Evidence from the ESL classroom. System 33 (3): 401-415.
  • Crystal, D. (1985). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd. Edition. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Kasper, G. (1992) Pragmatic transfer. Second language research, 8 (3), 203-231.
  • Kasper, G. & Blum-Kulka, S. (1993). Interlanguage pragmatics: An introduction. In G. Kasper & S. Blum Kulka (Eds.), Interlanguage pragmatics. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Kasper, G. & Rose, K.R. (2001). Pragmatics and language teaching. In K.R. Rose & G. Kasper (Eds.), Pragmatics in language teaching. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kasper, G. Schmidt, R. (1996). Developmental issues in interlanguage pragmatics. Studies in second language acquisition, 18 (2), 149-169.
  • Koike, D. A. & Pearson, L. (2005). The effect of instruction and feedback in the development of pragmatic competence. System 33(3): 481-501.
  • LoCastro, V. (2003). An introduction to pragmatics: social action for language teachers. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Mey, J. L. (1993). Pragmatics: An introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Moeschler, J. (2004). Intercultural pragmatics: a cognitive approach. Intercultural pragmatics 1 (1), 49-70.
  • Robinson, J. D. (2004). The sequential organization of “explicit” apologies in naturally occurring English. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 37(3): 291-330.
  • Suzuki, T. (2007). The Suxuki SAC (Speech Act Corpora).
  • Wolf, H. G. & Polzenhagen, F. (2006). Intercultural communication in English: Arguments for a cognitive approach to intercultural pragmatics. Intercultural pragmatics, 3 (3), 285-321.
  • Thank you for coming!Special thanks go to all our friends at San Francisco State University!Fanny Law: fannylaw@sfsu.eduCherry Ngai: ngai@sfsu.edu
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