WHS AP Psychology

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WHS AP Psychology. Growth of Psychology. Psych Immersions? (Connections to something else in psychology, another text, or your world.) Critical questions from the reading?. EQ 1-2. Trace the growth of psychology. Psychology’s Roots Are in Philosophy. Prescientific Psychology
WHSAP PsychologyGrowth of PsychologyPsych Immersions? (Connections to something else in psychology, another text, or your world.)
  • Critical questions from the reading?
  • EQ 1-2
  • Trace the growth of psychology.
  • Psychology’s Roots Are in PhilosophyPrescientific Psychology
  • Do you have a soul?
  • Is the mind connected to the body or distinct?
  • Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience?
  • Prologue: Psychology’s RootsPsychology’s Roots
  • Psychological Science Is Born
  • Empiricism – Thank you Enlightenment
  • Knowledge comes from experience via the senses
  • Science flourishes through observation and experiment
  • Psychology’s Roots
  • Wilhelm Wundt (vil´helm voont) opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Liepzig (c. 1879)
  • Psychology’s Roots
  • Selective Attention
  • Wundt’s significance?
  • By insisting on measurement and experimentation he moves Psych from Philosophy to Science
  • Psychology As Science
  • Psychologists use the scientific method
  • Steps to the scientific method
  • Collect data
  • Generate a theory to explain the data
  • Produce a testable hypothesis
  • Systematically test the hypothesis
  • Psychology’s Roots
  • Bradford Titchener (tich´unur)
  • Emulates the analysis of compounds by looking at atoms
  • Structuralism used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
  • What is this?What is this?What is this?Psychology’s Roots
  • Structuralism –
  • School of psychology that stressed the basic units of experience (physical sensation, feelings, and memories) and the combinations in which they occur.
  • Study these ‘atoms of experience’ to get the structure of the mind
  • Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
  • William James
  • Rejects Structuralism
  • Influenced by Darwin
  • Functionalism –theory of mental life and behavior that is concerned with how an organism uses its perceptual abilities to function in its enviroment.
  • Prologue: Psychology’s RootsFigure 1- British Psychological Society membershipThe Growth of Psychology
  • Sigmund Freud: Psychodynamic psychology
  • Behavior results from forces at work within the individual, often at an unconscious level
  • Late 1800s
  • Hard to prove or disprove scientifically
  • Return to the observable in the early 1900s
  • John B. Watson: Behaviorism
  • Studied only observable behaviors
  • Expanded upon the work of Pavlov
  • B.F. Skinner: Behaviorism revisited
  • Expanded behaviorism
  • Viewed the mind as a “black box” that was irrelevant
  • The Cognitive Revolution
  • The precursors to cognitive psychology:
  • Gestalt psychology
  • Study of how we perceive objects as whole patterns
  • Therapy that wishes to treat the whole person
  • Humanistic psychology
  • Emphasizes realization of full potential
  • Recognizes importance of love, self esteem, belonging, and self-actualization
  • The Cognitive Revolution of the 1960s
  • Study of mental processes
  • Thinking
  • Learning
  • Feeling
  • Remembering
  • Decision making
  • New Directions in Psychology
  • Evolutionary psychology
  • Studies the adaptive value of behaviors and mental processes
  • Positive psychology
  • Study of the subjective feelings of happiness and well-being
  • Focus is on positive attitude
  • Multiple Perspectives
  • There is no single right answer
  • Several perspectives can provide insight into behavior
  • Psychology’s Big Issues
  • Nature-nurture controversy
  • Are we a product of innate, inborn tendencies controlled by our genetic make-up?
  • Are we a reflection of experiences and upbringing?
  • Person–Situation
  • Is behavior caused by factors inside the person or outside?
  • Stability–Change
  • Are behavior patterns learned in childhood permanent or do people change over time?
  • Diversity-Universality
  • How am I like every person, like some people, and like no one else?
  • Mind–Body
  • What is the relationship between the mind and the body?
  • EQ 1-2
  • Trace the growth of psychology.
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