Chapter 29

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Chapter 29. Modern Western Europe. Western Europe After World War II. The Marshall Plan helped Europe to recover economically after World War II between 1947-1950. European government developed social welfare government such as affordable healthcare, housing, and family allowances .
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Chapter 29Modern Western EuropeWestern Europe After World War II
  • The Marshall Plan helped Europe to recover economically after World War II between 1947-1950.
  • European government developed social welfare government such as affordable healthcare, housing, and family allowances
  • Western Europe After World War II
  • Western Europe developed democracies even in post-war Portugal and Spain where there had been dictators.
  • France
  • Charles DeGaulle dominated French politics as he tried to restore France after the war and he setup a parliamentary system of government, which was weak.
  • De Gaulle withdrew from politics and the government he faced an independence crisis in Algeria and Indochina.
  • France
  • De Gaulle stepped in again in 1958 and resumed in control of the government he assumed the role of Prime Minister and dissolved Parliament.
  • France pulled out of NATO and wanted to become a world power by developed nuclear arms.
  • France
  • The French economy improved in the 1950’s and 1960’s, but the country went into debt. DeGaulle resigned in 1969.
  • Students protested and Socialists became dominant party by the early 1980’s and Mitterand was elected President and he tried to help the economy.
  • France
  • However, the Socialists programs of freezing wages and nationalizing industries failed.
  • By 1995, the Socialists lost support and a conservative Jacques Chirac was elected president.
  • West Germany to Germany
  • West Germany developed a stable economy by working with former allies and its became a member of NATO
  • West Germany tried former Nazis and made payments to Israel and Holocaust survivors.
  • West Germany to Germany
  • In the 1970’s, East and West Germany began to have contact with each other through cultural exchanges.
  • In the late 1970’s, the Democrats in Germany reduced welfare spending and helped paved the way to reunite with East Germany in 1980’s.
  • West Germany to Germany
  • When Germany was reunited, taxes had to be raised to rebuild East Germany.
  • The collapse of West German economy caused high unemployment and discontent.
  • West Germany to Germany
  • In the early 1990’s, Germany had to change its immigration laws because there were attacks on foreigners Neo-Nazis.
  • The Decline of Great Britain
  • England’s economy was left in shambles after World War II and Churchill’s Conservative Party was defeated by the Labour Party.
  • The Labour Party created a new modern welfare state with the nationalization of coal and steel industries, public transportation, and public utilities.
  • The Decline of Great Britain
  • The country had to dismantle its empire to pay for its welfare programs at home by reducing its military support to countries like Greece and Turkey.
  • The British had a hard time competing with the United States and Soviet Union.
  • The Decline of Great Britain
  • In Northern Ireland, violence continued between Catholics and Protestants.
  • Margaret Thatcher became the first woman Prime Minister of England in 1979
  • The Decline of Great Britain
  • She improved the economy by cutting back on government spending, lowering taxes, and cutting education spending.
  • She lost popularity in 1990 and then succeeded by John Major who failed to do much and was replaced by Prime Minister Tony Blair.
  • Western Europe
  • NATO helped to foster military unity in Europe in post-war era.
  • Various organizations were formed for economic purposed.
  • Western Europe
  • In 1992, the European Economic Community, which was originally founded in 1957 to integrate economies and monetary units of 25 nations.
  • European UnionWestern Europe
  • The EEC eventually became the European Union and allows free trade between its members and standardization among its members’ economies.
  • The monetary unit is the Euro and the Union has put ratifying its Constitution on hold.
  • Canada
  • Canada and America had a close relationship but Canada supported the actions of the U.N. so they would not get embroiled in United States’ actions
  • Canada created a welfare state
  • Canada
  • 25 years after WWII Canada experienced economic prosperity based on new industrial economy
  • Many businesses were American owned
  • Canada
  • Debate continues over whether or not Quebec should be independent from Canada , due to language and cultural differences.
  • Latin America
  • By the 1960’s, Latin America moved from exporting goods and raw materials to the world and start manufacturing goods for themselves
  • Many countries faced internal strife and military despotism
  • Latin America
  • By the 1970’s, most Latin American regimes were dependent on the United States and Europe because the borrowed money
  • When in the 1980’s, many countries could not pay interest on loans, wages fell and unemployment skyrocketed
  • Latin America
  • There was a move to democracy in the 1990’s but some states continued authoritarian rule
  • Other trends included growth of urban areas, larger gap between the rich and the poor
  • Latin America
  • Latin American became heavily involved in the drug trade
  • The Catholic Church is still an influence on society
  • Cuba
  • The United States tried to overthrow Castro using Cuban-exiles living in America with the Bay of Pigs Invasion but it failed
  • Cubans gained in the areas of health care and education
  • Cuba
  • Women were given equal status by law
  • Castro tried to establish communist nations in Latin America
  • Cuba’s economy has declined with the fall of the Soviet Union
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