Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570)

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Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570). Key Facts: Between A.D 300 and A.D. 900, Mayan civilization flourished from southern Mexico through Central America. In the 1400s, the Aztecs conquered most of Mexico and built a highly developed civilization.
Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570) Key Facts: Between A.D 300 and A.D. 900, Mayan civilization flourished from southern Mexico through Central America. In the 1400s, the Aztecs conquered most of Mexico and built a highly developed civilization. By the 1500s, the Incas established a centralized government in Peru Eight culture groups developed in north America. Their diverse ways of life were strongly influenced by geography. First American Civilization
  • The Olmec's were the first American Civilization that began in the tropical forest along the Mexican Gulf coast.
  • They lasted from about 1400 B.C. to 500 B.C.
  • Civilizations of Middle America
  • Nomadic hunters who migrated across a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska gradually populated two vast continents.
  • Between 8500 B.C. and 2000 B.C., Neolithic people in Mexico or farther south began to raise crops and learned to tame animals.
  • Mayan city-states of Central America.
  • They cleared the rain forests to produce corn to feed their cities.
  • They were divided into social classes
  • Each city-state had a ruling chief
  • Priests held great power
  • Pyramid temples and palaces served as alters and burial places
  • Developed a hieroglyphic writing system and accurate calendar
  • Many people, today, speak Mayan languages in Central America
  • The Aztecs
  • Long after the decline of Mayan civilization, Aztecs conquered most of Mexico
  • By 1500, their empire numbered 30 million people.
  • War and power to the Aztecs brought wealth
  • Tribute helped the Aztecs turn their capital into a magnificent city.
  • Complex social structure
  • Single ruler or emperor at top
  • Priests performed rituals and sacrifices to please the Aztec gods
  • Conquered people supplied tribute and human sacrifices for religious rituals
  • The World Of The Incas
  • In the 1400’s the Incas came from the Andes mountains of Peru.
  • Led by Pachacuti, skilled warrior and leader
  • Conquered an empire that stretched 2,500 miles down the Andes and along Pacific Coast
  • By 1500s, they had established central government in Peru.
  • Ruled by a god-king and a powerful class of Priests
  • Incan Government
  • Emperor had absolute power
  • Ran an efficient Government
  • Chain of command reached to every village
  • Incan Achievements
  • Worked to unite conquered people
  • Had their own language, Quechua, and their own religion
  • Created one of the great road systems in history
  • Roads wound more than 12,000 miles through mountains and deserts
  • Peoples Of North America
  • The Anasazi
  • Best-known society of the desert southwest
  • The people built large villages, called pueblos by the Spanish people
  • At the center was the kiva
  • Late 1100s, they began to build housing complexes in the shadow of canyon walls
  • Late 1200s, drought forced them to leave the cliff dwellings.
  • Today, their traditions survive among the Hopi and other Pueblo Indians.
  • The Mound Builders
  • In the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys, other farming cultures emerged as early as 700 B.C.
  • Hopewell people left giant mounds in different shapes
  • Objects found in Hopewell mounds suggest that trade networks stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes.
  • By about A.D. 800, this culture was replaced by the Mississippians, who grew corn and other crops.
  • They built large towns and ceremonial centers.
  • Review
  • What was the first civilization in the Americas, it was in the Tropical Forests of Mexico? The Olmecs
  • What warrior tribe had conquered the valley of Mexico by the 1500s, and built its capital where Mexico City is located today? The Aztecs
  • What is a Tribute? Payment from conquered peoples.
  • Nomadic hunters came to North America across what? The Land Bridge
  • What civilization grew up in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, used flat top pyramids, and had an accurate calendar? Tourists still visit the pyramids built by this civilization. The Mayans
  • What is the name of the capital city that Mexico City sits on? Tenochtitlan
  • What Spanish Conquistador killed Montezuma and conquered the above civilization?Hernandez Cortez
  • What civilization grew up in the Andes Mountains of South America? Incas
  • What was the capital city of the above civilization in South America? Cuzco
  • What Spanish Conquistador defeated the civilization in South America? Francisco Pizarro
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