Culture of Bangladesh

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some basic idea about Bangladeshi culture, people of this country, festivals and foods etc
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  Culture of Bangladesh About Bangladesh: Bangladesh is a low-lying riverine country located in South Asia. It is the second largest river basin in the world (behind the Amazon). The country contains the confluence of the Ganges (Padma), Brahmaputra (Jamuna), and Meghna Rivers and their tributaries which empty into the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is bordered by India to the east, north, and west and shares a short border with Myanmar (Burma) in the southeast. The country is mainly flat, with 90% of its landmass less than 10 meters above sea level. With a population of approximately 150 million, Bangladesh is the most densely populated agricultural country in the world. Bangladesh lies between latitudes 20° and 27°N,  and longitudes 88° and 93°E.  After a bloody struggle for liberation from Pakistan in 1971, Bangladesh was established as a parliamentary democracy. The country was under military rule for many years, but a democratically elected government was re-established in 1991. Religion: The main religion in Bangladesh is Islam (89.7%), but a significant percentage of the  population adheres to Hinduism (9.2%). The majority of Muslims are Sunni. Other religious groups include Buddhists (0.7%) and Christians (0.3%). Bangladesh has the fourth largest Muslim population after  Indonesia, Pakistan, and India, with over 135 million. Festivals: Eid: As The main religion in Bangladesh is Islam (89.7%). The Muslims celebrate Eid twice a year, Eid-ul-Fitr and the other, which comes about 10 weeks later, is called Eid-ul-Adha. In  Bangladesh. the night before Eid is called Chaand Raat, which means, Night of the Moon. Muslims in these countries will often visit bazaars and shopping malls with their families for Eid shopping. Women, especially younger girls, will often apply the traditional Mehndi, or henna, on their hands and feet and wear colourful bangles. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Gifts are frequently given  —   new clothes are part of the tradition  —   and it is also common for children to be given small sums of money (Eidi) by their elders. It is common for children to offer  salam to parents and adult relatives Durga Puja: Durga puja, also referred to as Durgotsava is an annual Hindu festival in South Asia that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. It refers to all the six days observed as Mahalaya, Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Vijayadashami. The dates of Durga Puja celebrations are set according to the traditional Hindu calendar and the fortnight corresponding to the festival is called Devi Paksha. Devi Paksha is preceded by Mahalaya, the last day of the previous fortnight Pitri Paksha, it is the biggest festival of the year.  Not only is it the biggest Hindu festival celebrated throughout the State, but it is also the most significant socio-cultural event in Bengali society  Pohela Boishakh: Pohela stands for ‘first’ and Baisakh is first month of Bengali calendar.  Bengali New Year or Pôhela Boishakh , occurring on 14th April, is the first day of the Bengali calendar,  celebrated in Bangladesh. Pôhela Boishakh connects all ethnic Bengalis irrespective of religious and regional differences. In Bangladesh, it is a national holiday. The festival is celebrated according to the Hindu Bengali calendar. Bangla New Year's festivities are closely linked with rural life in Bengal. Usually on Pohela Boishakh, the home is thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned;  people bathe early in the morning and dress in traditional clothes. They spend much time of the day visiting relatives, friends and neighbours. Special foods are prepared to entertain guests. This is one rural festival that has become enormously big in the cities, especially in Dhaka. Boishakhi fairs are arranged in many parts of the country. Various agricultural products, traditional handicrafts, toys, cosmetics, as well as various kinds of food and sweets are sold at these fairs. The fairs also provide entertainment, with singers and dancers staging jatra (traditional plays),  pala gan, kobigan, jarigan, gambhira gan, gazir gan and alkap gan. They present folk songs as well as baul, marfati, murshidi and bhatiali songs. Narrative plays like Laila-Majnu, Yusuf-Zulekha and Radha-Krishna are staged. Language Movement Day : Language Movement Day is a unique part of the culture of Bangladesh. Every year on February 21 this day is observed to pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives to establish Bengali as the official language of then East Pakistan in 1952. The mood of the day is  sad and humble. The celebration of Language Movement Day goes on the entire month of February. Ekushey Book Fair is a book fair arranged to mark this occasion every year. The fair has also become an integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. Authors and readers in Bangladesh eagerly await the fair each year. To commemorate this movement, Shaheed Minar, a solemn and symbolic sculpture, was erected in the place of the massacre. Today the Shaheed Minar is the centre of cultural activities in Dhaka. On the morning of February 21 each year, people from all walks of life including the national leaders pay tribute to the martyrs by leaving flowers at Shaheed Minar. A very melodious and melancholy song, Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano, written  by Abdul Gaffar Choudhury and composed by Altaf Mahmud, is played repeatedly in electronic media and cultural gatherings throughout the month, and especially on February 21. This song, too, has become a symbolic mark of culture of Bangladesh. Food: Katchi Biriani: Katchi Biriani is one of the spicy Biriani that is highly popular in Old Dhaka. O ld Dhaka’s Katchi Biriani is famous in all over the country. The cooker of Katchi Biriani use huge amount of spices to cook this biriani. That’s why this in called one of the spicy  biriani. Some of the ingredients that the cooker used to make this delicious food are meat of goat,  polau rice, ghee, potatoes, onion, ginger pest, roshun pest, alachi, darchini, lobongo, jaifol, joytri,  jira, chilies, golapjol, alobokhara, oil and salt. Golabjol is used to increase the smell of this Biriani. Most taste Katchi Biriani is found in Chackbazar, Najirabazar side of Old Dhaka
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