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Do Now: Grab a worksheet and complete the first two boxes. Objectives: Students will be able to..(1) explain Eisenhower's politics (2) define Brinksmanship Homework: Study for Quiz on 26.3 & 26.4. Eisenhower’s “New Look”. Eisenhower – Elected in 1952
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Do Now: Grab a worksheet and complete the first two boxes Objectives: Students will be able to..(1) explain Eisenhower's politics (2) define Brinksmanship Homework: Study for Quiz on 26.3 & 26.4 Eisenhower’s “New Look”
  • Eisenhower – Elected in 1952
  • Believed Truman’s policy wasn’t working
  • Soviets had A-bomb
  • Consolidated Eastern European hold
  • China Communist
  • American troops in Korean War
  • Republican – Defeated Adlai Stevenson (Democrat from Illinois)
  • Organized D-Day invasion
  • “More bang for the Buck”
  • Key to Winning – Not simply military, but strong economy
  • Show the world Free Enterprise made a better society
  • Prevent subversion
  • Scaled back army – Ramped up atomic weapons in all forms
  • A LOT OF YOU SAID THIS ABOUT DROPPING THE BOMB ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI! MAYBE YOU SHOULD BE PRESIDENTS?
  • Massive Retaliation
  • Korean War – Showed couldn’t contain Comm. With small wars
  • Unpopular & Expensive
  • Prevent from happening in first place
  • Threaten use of Nukes if Commie nations tried to seize territory by force (Massive Retaliation)
  • Cut $50 bill. to $34 bill.
  • 1,00 bombs (1953) – 18,000 bombs (1961)
  • The Sputnik Crisis
  • New technology needed to deliver
  • B-52 – Travel across continents
  • ICBM’s (Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles)
  • Submarines
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwHZsiDZzDU
  • Soviets launch Sputnik (Artificial Satellite)
  • 1958 – NASA created (Nat. Aeronautics & Space Admin.)
  • National Defense Education Act (NDEA) – funds for education in math, science, and foreign language.
  • Brinksmanship – Going to the edge
  • Willing to threaten nukes for peace worried some people
  • “ You have to take chances for peace, just as you must take chances in war. Some say that we were brought to the verge of war. Of course we were brought to the edge of war. The ability to get to the verge without getting into the war is the necessary art…If you try and run away from it, if you are scared to go to the brink, you are lost. We’ve had to look it square in the face…we walked to the bring and we looked it in the face. We took strong action” - John Foster Dulles
  • Brinksmanship in Korea
  • Promised to end Korea in campaign
  • Talked with commanders – Too many lives and too few victories
  • US Hinted nuclear attack on China
  • It worked…
  • July 1953 – Armistice signed
  • Demilitarized zone (DMZ) between North and South created
  • No victory, but containment
  • Covert Action
  • Brinksmanship wouldn’t always work
  • Couldn’t prevent revolutions
  • Covert, or hidden, operations used
  • Conduced by Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • Conducted in developing nations (nations with primarily agricultural economies)
  • US feared rebellion and siding with Soviets
  • Covert operations to overthrow governments
  • Your task
  • Working with a partner, outline how Eisenhower used Brinksmanship and Covert missions for the events on the chart.
  • Be prepared to discuss…
  • REMINDER…. QUIZ TOMORROW ON 26.3 & 26.4
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