Early American Wars

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Early American Wars. Under what circumstances should the United States use force against other people or countries ?. French & Indian War. Fought on British territory on the East coast of the North American continent, especially in the Ohio River Valley. It began in 1756 and ended in 1763.
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Early American Wars Under what circumstances should the United States use force against other people or countries? French & Indian War
  • Fought on British territory on the East coast of the North American continent, especially in the Ohio River Valley.
  • It began in 1756 and ended in 1763.
  • French & Indian War
  • The American colonists fought with Great Britain against the French and their Indian allies.
  • The French had promised the Indians that if they helped the French win, they would let the Indians keep their land and continue to trade fur with them.
  • French & Indian War
  • Causes
  • Both the British and the French wanted to keep land in North America because of the profitable fur trade and expanding their colonies.
  • French & Indian War
  • Outcome & Effects
  • The French lost the war.
  • When the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763, it caused France to give up their Canadian territory and Britain received control over all French territory east of the Mississippi River.
  • American Revolution
  • Fought on British territory on the East coast of the North American continent.
  • War broke out in 1775 and ended in 1783.
  • American Revolution
  • The American colonists fought against the British because they did not support King George III.
  • They claimed that they were being taxed without having representation in the British Parliament.
  • American Revolution
  • Causes
  • American colonists were frustrated by the series of laws that had been passed directed at them—Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Tea Act, Intolerable Act, Declaratory Act, Quartering Act, Townshend Act…
  • The American colonists felt that the British were trying to establish tyranny over the colonies.
  • American Revolution
  • Outcome & Effects
  • When the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783, it recognized the United States as an independent nation.
  • Our July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence was recognized around the world.
  • The British were supposed to leave the colonies permanently.
  • War of 1812
  • Was mostly a sea battle fought at and near forts in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and lake seaways like the St. Lawrence.
  • It began in 1812 and ended in 1814.
  • War of 1812
  • The United States fought against the British in their last war on opposing sides.
  • Ever since, the United States and Britain have been allies in most major wars.
  • War of 1812
  • Causes
  • The United States was upset that the British had been seizing American ships and stopping expansion of American settlers into the North and West.
  • The British were clinging to their presence in North America even though they had lost the American Revolution.
  • War of 1812
  • Outcome & Effects
  • When the Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814, it ended the war.
  • The United States won the war as shown by General Andrew Jackson’s victory at the battle of New Orleans.
  • Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans Fought on disputed territory in the south-west in modern day Texas. It began in 1845 and ended in 1848. Mexican War The United States fought against Mexico. The two nations went to war over a border dispute. Mexican War
  • Causes
  • The United States wanted to accept its “manifest destiny” to spread west and gain territory in New Mexico and California.
  • The U.S. had moved settlers into Texas (which had been Mexican territory) and the United States had then annexed Texas. Mexico refused to accept this annexation and did not agree to sell California to the U.S.
  • Mexican War Zachary Taylor at the Battle of Buena Vista.
  • Outcome & Effects
  • The United States won the war
  • When the Treaty of Guadalupe was signed in 1848, the United States received CA, NV, AZ, NM and CO.
  • Mexico agreed to sell Mexico 529,000 square miles of territory for $15 million.
  • About $.05/acre.
  • Mexican War
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