From Research to Application Best Practices

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From Research to Application Best Practices. George Teather and Suzanne Lafortune Performance Management Network Inc. [email protected] [email protected] Challenge .
From Research to ApplicationBest Practices George Teather and Suzanne Lafortune Performance Management Network Inc. [email protected] [email protected] Challenge
  • Canada is relatively strong in conducting basic research, and weak in transforming scientific knowledge into products and processes that are commercially successful
  • Well known “valley of death”, gap between early stage research (gov’t funded) and development of commercial applications (industry funded)
  • Innovation system includes many factors
  • Hi percentage of R&D performed in universities, focused on basic research
  • Industry funding and carrying out research low (OECD)
  • Financial system, tax credits, innovation support system,
  • Policies and support for translation of R&D to application have not produced desired impacts
  • Linking Research and Application Through Partnerships – A Case Study
  • Natural Resources Canada’s Clean Electrical Power Generation Program (CPEG)
  • objective to reduce environmental impact of Canada’s electrical power generation
  • Clean Coal and Carbon Capture and Storage (CCCCS) subprogram objective to increase efficiency of fossil-fuelled power generation, primarily coal
  • Canada has over 100 year supply of coal, in several Western provinces coal fired power generation is a major source of electrical power
  • Electrical power generation is capital intensive, stations are very expensive to construct, with 40 year lifetime, long lead times, regulatory oversight
  • CCCCS is leading development of innovative technologies associated with improving generation efficiency, capturing CO2 from emissions and storage in deep geological formations
  • CCCCS carrying out a combination of early, mid and late stage R&D with a wide range of partners
  • Basic Research Case Study Proof of concept / Invention Early-stage technology development Product development Production / marketing Research and Development Spectrum
  • CCCCS carries out research projects in this area of the R&D spectrum:
  • - Private sector firms need this type of research as a precursor to creation of a commercial product
  • The risk for this type of research is high and private sector firms are often unwilling to invest in these types of projects without additional support
  • This type of research carried out in partnership is more likely to benefit a range of private sector firms who can adopt / adapt the results for further product development and commercialization
  • CCCCS Characteristics Case Study
  • Late stage R&D to develop and test technology before actual implementation by industry
  • Use pilot plants to test technological innovations and measure performance
  • Research program is supported by co-funding from federal gov’t and 16 member consortium (public and private electrical generators, petroleum companies, power equipment manufacturers and gov’t departments)
  • CCCCS proposes research to consortium who choose which projects to fund
  • CEPG Reach Case Study
  • Public Partners
  • other research agencies, US DOE, Norway Research Council, universities
  • Private Sector Partners
  • engineering firms (design and construction)
  • manufacturers (power plant and related equipment)
  • utilities using fossil fuel power generation
  • oil and gas producers
  • Stakeholders
  • Government (policy makers, regulators)
  • International Energy Association
  • Project – Gasification of Coal and Other Fossil Fuels Case Study
  • Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power generation systems provide reduced CO2 emissions, however problems with excessive downtime for maintenance
  • CCCS pilot plant used to test gasification system performance under range of conditions, coals
  • Partners - public and private sector
  • Electrical utilities, gasification system product developers, coal producers, federal regulator, US DOE
  • Outcomes
  • Combustion system – improved components
  • Market uptake
  • results used in engineering design study for 270MW coal gasification demonstration plant
  • results and test facilities used by firms in development of gasification technology
  • Project – Coal Gasification Case Study
  • Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Power Plant (IGCC)
  • Improved efficiency, separation, removal of pollutants, CO2 capture
  • Higher capital cost, excessive downtime
  • Project Partners
  • Universities, US DOE, IGCC equipment producers, Western utility, coal producer, gov’t regulatory agency
  • Results
  • Pilot plant facility for testing
  • Improved models, technology to reduce downtime
  • Data on performance of Western coal , pollutants
  • Application
  • Several IGCC pilot and demonstration projects
  • Design of Western Canadian 270MW IGCC demonstration facility with CO2 capture
  • Development of national policies and regulations for noxious and GHG gas emission levels for large emitters using fossil fuel combustion (CO2, NOx, SO2, Hg, particulates)
  • Hi
  • Project – Oxy-fuel Combustion and CO Case Study 2 Cleanup and Compression
  • Second generation oxy-fuel combustion
  • produces CO2 rich flue gas, easily captured for storage
  • reduced size and cost compared to air-based system
  • design of improved burners, combustor
  • Design, construction of pilot mobile CO2 capture and compression unit, capable of separating trace contaminants (NOx, SOx)
  • Partners
  • Consortium of 18 public, private electrical power organizations, US DOE
  • Combustion equipment manufacturers, gas liquifaction companies
  • Results
  • Facilities
  • NRCan pilot combustor and compression systems incorporating new technology
  • Take up
  • technology transfer, non-disclosure agreements to utilize technology commercially
  • use of technology in 20 MW oxy-fuel demonstration plant in Spain
  • Hi
  • Project – Long Term CO Case Study 2 Storage
  • CO2 produced from fossil fuel fired electrical power generation is a major contributor to GHG emissions, factor in global warming
  • Project involves multi-year study of CO2 injection in Weyburn/Midale oil fields - largest full-scale study of CO2 storage in deep geological formations, over $60 million over 10 years
  • economic /environmental benefits (increased oil production, CO2 storage)
  • Partners
  • Oil field owner, provincial and federal governments
  • International Energy Agency, US DOE, EU, Japan, oil producers, utilities, many research organizations
  • Results
  • Geological, reservoir, CO2 migration models
  • Predict CO2 storage capacity of Western Canadian, US oil fields
  • Best Practices Manual - protocols for design and implementation of CO2 storage in oilfields
  • Support for gov’t regulations for EOR using CO2
  • Hi
  • Project – Supercritical CO Case Study 2Brayton Cycle System Design
  • Next generation alternative to conventional steam power generation
  • higher efficiency
  • reduced size and cost
  • suitable for both fossil fuel and nuclear power plants
  • Research – develop a proof-of-concept design for 100MW zero emission fossil fuel unit, and construct and test key components
  • Partners
  • Carleton University, Sandia National Laboratory (DOE), SaskPower, Saskatchewan provincial gov/t, consortium of 18 public, private electrical power organizations, equipment manufacturers
  • Results
  • Developed model for 100MW S-CO2 system, used to simulate performance
  • Test rig constructed to examine performance of supercritical CO2 in innovative heat exchanger
  • Take up
  • Strong interest from Saskatchewan gov’t and SaskPower to test technology
  • Discussions with US DOE to cofund a pilot demonstration unit marrying S-CO2 cycle with NRCan Generation 2 Clean Coal Technology at SaskPower generation station
  • Summary – Best Practices Case Study
  • Long term commitment and funding by federal department research
  • Strong partnerships with both public and private sector organizations
  • Research, co-developers, power plant designers, technology manufacturers, power plant operators, government
  • Range of projects, from next generation technologies to incremental improvement of existing approaches
  • Participation in identifying priorities and selecting projects and co-funding by public and private sector partners
  • Facilities enable demonstration of performance of new technologies under range of operating conditions, reducing risk for users
  • Outcomes / Results Case Study
  • Political pressure from environmentalists, public about CO2 and global warming is driving gov’ts and sector to respond
  • After many years of R&D and testing, have some technologies ready to move to advanced pilot plant / demonstration stage, or utilization in existing power plants
  • In setting regulations, governments needed to know what can be achieved in next generation power plants
  • Sector (private and public) is beginning to respond and utilize new technologies developed under the program
  • Canada has just set new regulations for coal fired electrical power generation stations – no more CO2 than natural gas
  • CCCS is one of many initiatives- building pipeline to transport CO2 from heavy emitters, including coal fired stations to oil fields for injection, EOR and long term storage
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