Hinduism

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Hinduism. Origins and Beliefs Religious Texts. Hinduism cant be traced back to a single person or founder 750 and 550 BC. Hindu Teachers tried to interpret and explain the hidden meaning of the Vedic Hymns. Written Down and known as the Upanishands . Hinduism. Sacred Texts Beliefs .
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Hinduism Origins and Beliefs Religious Texts
  • Hinduism cant be traced back to a single person or founder
  • 750 and 550 BC.
  • Hindu Teachers tried to interpret and explain the hidden meaning of the Vedic Hymns.
  • Written Down and known as the Upanishands
  • Hinduism Sacred Texts Beliefs
  • The Upanishads
  • Written as dialogues
  • Discussions of how to achieve liberation from desires and suffering
  • Moksha
  • Perfect understanding
  • Understanding between atman and Brahman
  • Reincarnation
  • Born again until achieve Moksha
  • Based on Karma
  • Souls good or bad deeds
  • Determines life circumastances
  • Hinduism Changes and Developments Modern day beliefs
  • The World Soul: Brahman, was sometimes seen as having 3 personalities
  • Brahma
  • Vishnu
  • Krishna – cowherder
  • Rama- Perfect king
  • Shiva
  • Hindus can choose which god or not choose one
  • 3 paths to Moksha
  • Right thinking, right action, and religious devotion
  • Hinduism Society
  • Beliefs strengthened the Caste System
  • Born to good life came from good karma
  • Belief that only men in the top three varnas could hope to achieve moksha
  • People today still turn to religion when it comes to daily decisions
  • Two Other Religions
  • Mahavira
  • Founder of Jainism
  • Born 599 BC and Died 527 BC
  • Everything in the Universe has a soul and so should not be harmed
  • Jain Monks
  • Carry the doctrine of nonviolence to its logical conclusion
  • Look for jobs that wont harm any creature
  • Don’t spread their religion with missionaries
  • 5 million in India
  • Buddhism Origins
  • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • Foothills in Nepal
  • Separated as a child from the rest of the world
  • Finally left at 29 years
  • Saw an old man, a sick man, a corpse, and a wandering holy man who seemed at peace with himself
  • Only spiritual life offers protection from suffering
  • Becoming Buddha Founder Sacred Texts
  • Wandered for 6 years seeking enlightenment, or wisdom.
  • Explored other religions
  • Fasted
  • Meditated
  • 49 days of meditation, reached an understanding of suffering and became Buddha:
  • The Enlightened one
  • Teachings written after his death becamethe Jatakas
  • Buddhism Beliefs
  • Preached to 5 companions
  • 1st sermon
  • Four Noble Truths
  • Life is filled with suffering and sorrow
  • Cause is selfish desires for temporary pleasures
  • End suffering by ending desires
  • Follow the 8 fold path to become enlightened
  • The Eightfold Path
  • A Guide to Behavior
  • Master one step at a time
  • 1 Right Views
  • Right Resolve
  • Right Speech,
  • Right Conduct
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Concentration
  • Mastering them leads to Nirvana
  • Release from selfishness and pain
  • Not Achieved in one lifetime
  • Reincarnation
  • Buddhist Beliefs
  • Repetitive view of history
  • World is created and destroyed over and over again
  • Rejected many of the Gods of Hinduism
  • More focused on “the way” rather than the gods
  • Rejected the Caste system
  • Monks and nuns live a life of poverty
  • The Three Jewels Buddhist Beliefs
  • Sangha
  • The community of Monks and nuns
  • The Community of Buddhism as a whole
  • The Dharma
  • Buddhist doctrine and Teachings
  • The Buddha
  • Buddhism Buddhist Beliefs
  • Diffusion
  • Spread to the laborers and Craftspeople
  • Rejected the caste system
  • Also spread where Aryan race had less influence
  • Monks and Nuns
  • Lived in poverty, nonviolence, and single
  • Spread teaching through missionary work
  • Not too successful
  • Similar to Hinduism
  • Hindus view Buddha as a reincarnation of Vishnu
  • So no need to convert
  • Diffusion Through Trade Buddhist Beliefs
  • Traders brought with them the Buddhist teachings and way of life as they traded through the islands of Southeast Asia
  • Also along the Silk Road
  • Into China
  • Korea
  • Japan
  • Trade made Buddhism the most wide spread religions of East Asia
  • Two More Empires Buddhist Beliefs Seafaring Traders Trade Spreads Culture Buddhist Beliefs
  • Two large civilizations spread their culture over large areas of the world and left lasting impacts
  • The Minoans of Crete
  • The Phoenicians of Phoenicia (Lebanon)
  • The Minoans Buddhist Beliefs
  • Dominated trade in the Mediterranean from 2000 BC to 1400 BC
  • Traded fine painted pottery
  • Swords
  • Figurines
  • And Vessels made of Precious metals over a large area
  • Along with this the Minoans “traded” culture
  • Architecture
  • Burial customs
  • Much of Minoan Culture is seen in Greece
  • Knossos Buddhist Beliefs
  • The Minoan Capitol City
  • Advanced Culture
  • Peaceful
  • No Fortification
  • Civilization named for king Minos
  • According to legend owned a half human half bull monster called the Minotaur
  • Kept it inside a complicated maze which no one could escape
  • Labyrinth
  • Minoans Buddhist Beliefs
  • Artwork shows us a lot
  • Graceful, athletic people who loved sports
  • Boxing, Wrestling, and Bull leaping
  • Women are important
  • Mother Earth Goddess
  • Priestesses controlled many shrines
  • Sacrificed bulls and other animals
  • Excavation site revealed at least one human sacrifice of a 17 year old boy
  • End of Minoans Buddhist Beliefs
  • Ended around 1200 BC
  • Unclear why
  • Beliefs that:
  • Natural disaster
  • Had previously survived major disasters before but maybe one wakened the civilization
  • Overpopulation
  • Invasion
  • Phoenicians Buddhist Beliefs
  • About the time the Minoans Declined a new power in trade in the Mediterranean appeared
  • The Phoenicians
  • From modern day Lebanon
  • Never created a country, just a series of connected city-states spread over a large area
  • Phoenicia, Byblos, Tyre, and Sidon
  • Shipbuilders and Traders
  • First to travel through the Straight of Gibraltar
  • Some believe made it to present day Great Britain
  • Some evidence suggests they even made it to around Africa
  • Commercial Outposts Buddhist Beliefs
  • Traded a very valuable Purple Dye
  • Made of rotten snails
  • 60,000 snails to make one pound of Dye
  • Built trade centers all over the Mediterranean
  • 30 miles apart
  • About the distance a ship could cover in a day
  • Most successful colony was Carthage in North Africa
  • Traded Dye and Papyrus
  • Also traded goods they got from other lands
  • Wine, weapons, metals, ivory, and slaves
  • Largest Contribution Buddhist Beliefs
  • Writing System created to record daily transactions
  • Uses symbols to represent sounds
  • Phonetic
  • One sign was used for One Sound
  • Name Alphabet comes from the first two letters of the Phoenician Alphabet
  • Alpha and Beth
  • Introduced the Alphabet to the people they traded with
  • The Greeks
  • Learning became more accessible to more people
  • Related Search
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