LING3003 Linguistics Field Trip

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LING3003 Linguistics Field Trip. Hawaii Field trip 2009 Introduction: the Hawaiian islands. Aims . Islands as natural laboratories Study language situation 1. The Hawaiian language: Polynesian language, in danger of extinction, revitalization in progress
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LING3003 Linguistics Field TripHawaii Field trip 2009Introduction: the Hawaiian islandsAims
  • Islands as natural laboratories
  • Study language situation
  • 1. The Hawaiian language: Polynesian language, in danger of extinction, revitalization in progress2. Hawaiian Creole English (aka Pidgin)- as featured in LING2040 Languages in Contact 3. Other immigrant languages: Okinawan, Japanese, Korean, Cantonese/Hakka, Philippine languagesThe Hawaiian Islands
  • Most isolated archipelago on earth
  • Series of volcanoes created successively by “hot spot”, latest island 500,000 years ago
  • Settled by Polynesian seafarers from Marquesas between 300-600 AD
  • ‘discovered’ by Captain Cook in 1778
  • The Hawaiian Islands7 inhabited islands:
  • Oahu: Honolulu, Pearl Harbor
  • Hawai’i: “The Big Island”
  • Maui
  • Moloka’i
  • Lana’i
  • Kaua’i
  • Ni’ihau: privately owned, beyond Kaua’i; Hawaiian spoken natively
  • The Austronesian languages
  • Austro-nesian: “southern island” language family
  • Aboriginal languages of Taiwan: Amis, Zhou, Seediq
  • - diversity of these languages suggests Taiwan as Austronesian homeland
  • Major languages: Malay, Bahasa Indonesia, Tagalog, Samoan, etc
  • Settlement of Hawaii
  • Evidence for two waves of settlement:
  • 1. From Marquesas -- the legendary menehune “little people” of Kaua’i2. From Tahiti (South Pacific)
  • Navigation by stars and
  • natural signs: clouds, migrating birds
  • The Pacific golden plover
  • or koleaTypological features of Austronesian languages
  • (Apparently) simple phonological systems, as in Hawaiian:
  • 8 consonants including the okina (glottal stop) as in Hawai’i 5 vowels with phonemic length distinction = 10 vowel phonemes (‘aina “meal” vs ‘āina “land”)
  • Disyllabic roots:
  • Malay mata “eye”, Hawaiian manu “bird”
  • Verb-initial constituent order: VSO (Hawaiian), VOS (Malagasy) or VSO/VOS (Samoan, Seediq)
  • Hawaiian today
  • Revitalization in progress
  • Pūnana Leo (“Language nest”) schools
  • http://www.ahapunanaleo.org/
  • Media: newspaper columns, new radio bulletins in Hawaiian
  • http://news.iciba.com/a/20081212/546281.shtml
  • Related Search
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