Nonfiction Notes

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Nonfiction Notes. What is nonfiction ? Nonfiction is a form of literature based primarily on facts . It is prose writing that presents and explains ideas or tells about real people , places , objects , or events . . The Five Main Purposes of Nonfiction Writing: Entertain
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Nonfiction NotesWhat is nonfiction? Nonfiction is a form of literature based primarily on facts.
  • It is prose writing that presents and explains ideas or tells about real people, places, objects, or events.
  • The Five Main Purposes of Nonfiction Writing:
  • Entertain
  • Inform
  • Reflect
  • Describe
  • Persuade
  • Types of Nonfiction Writing:
  • Narrative – written as a story.
  • Biographies – a life story written by another person.
  • Autobiographies – the writer’s account of his or her own life.
  • Memoirs and Journals – contain personal thoughts and reflections.
  • Travel Literature – records journeys in the world, which are often journeys within yourself.
  • Letters – written texts addressed to a particular person or organization.
  • Blogs – (a.k.a. web logs) journals posted and frequently updated for an online audience.
  • Expository – writing that explains or informs. It presents facts and ideas, or explains a process. Essays, speeches, and textbooks are all examples of expository writing.
  • Persuasive – writing that is intended to convince the reader to adopt a particular point of view or take a particular course of action. Newspaper editorials, letters to the editor, speeches, essays, and advertisements are all forms of persuasive writing.
  • Descriptive – writing that is a portrait, in words, of a person, place, or object. Descriptive writing uses images that appeal to the five senses. Most forms of writing can be descriptive.
  • For each of these types of nonfiction, the writing may be objective, based on facts, or subjective, based on opinion. Sometimes the writing is a combination of the two, but, more often than not, a reader can identify which is more common.
  • Elements of Nonfiction Writing:
  • Organization – the way a writer chooses to arrange and present information in a single piece of writing.
  • Chronological – presents information in timeorder, from first to last or last to first.
  • Compare-and-Contrast – shows the ways in which two or more subjects are similar and different.
  • Cause-and-Effect – shows the relationship among events.
  • Problem-and-Solution – identifies a problem and then offers a solution.
  • Tone – the writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject.
  • Formal – uses formal language, no slang. Everything is grammatically correct.
  • Informal – written as though you were writing to a friend.
  • Voice – the writer’s way of “speaking” in his or her writing.
  • Objective vs. Subjective Writing –
  • Objective – facts that can be proved true by the senses.
  • Subjective – verifiable (true) only by reference to your own state of mind and experiences. Nobody knows the truth of that state except the writer.
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