Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report No. 17 (as of November 25, 2013)

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By the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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  www.unocha.org The mission of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is to mobilize and coordinate effective and +  For more information, see “background on the crisis” at the end of the report  PHILIPPINES:Typhoon Haiyan Roxas CityTacloban CityCebu City Cebu Bohol  LeyteSouthern LeyteSamar  EasternSamar  Northern Samar  AklanCapiz  Iloilo NegrosOccidental  Coordination Hub Map Sources: GADMThe boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply officialendorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. Map created on 24 November 2013 OrmocGuiuan Logistics Hub Philippines:  Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report No. 17 (as of 25 November 2013)  This report is produced by OCHA Philippines in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It was issued by OCHA Philippines and OCHA New York. It covers the period from 22 to 25 November 2013. The report is issued at 06:00 Manila time the following day (22:00 UTC same day). The next report will be issued on or around 27 November. Highlights ã   According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council, the death toll from Typhoon Haiyan currently stands at 5,235, with another 1,613 people still listed as missing. ã  Life-saving assistance is still urgently required, particularly food, water and shelter. Affected communities have access to small food stocks, but are increasingly concerned about the lack of food in the long term, with limited or no access to markets. ã  Communities are in need of better shelter, nutrition and clean water to prevent a further spread of acute respiratory infections in the coming months. As foreign medical teams that have focused on trauma injuries begin to leave the country, gaps will occur for basic health care. Operational health facilities are reportedly overstretched, and there is still overall poor coverage of services. ã  The Government has formed a high-level national taskforce to ensure fast track transition from relief efforts to rehabilitation and rebuilding of the affected areas. 13.17 million  Affected people 3.43 million People displaced 1.1 million Damaged houses 5,000+ Reported dead 1,600 People missing Source: DSWD as at 18:00 Manila time (10:00 UTC), 24 November; NDRRMC as at 06:00 Manila time, 24 November (23:00 UTC, 23 November). Situation Overview  According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC), the death toll currently stands at 5,235, with another 1,613 people still listed as missing. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) estimates that the number of displaced people has further reduced to 3.4 million, of whom an estimated 240,800 are living in 1,096 evacuation centres. Although a growing number of people are returning home, determined to rebuild their homes and lives, many in the worst affected areas are choosing to leave. An estimated 5,000 people are leaving Eastern Visayas Region every day, and the number of children displaced from Leyte and Samar provinces arriving in Cebu Province is increasing. Identification, documentation, tracing and reunification for unaccompanied and separated children is needed. Life-saving assistance is still urgently required, particularly food, water and shelter. Affected communities have access to small food stocks, but are increasingly concerned about the lack of food in the long term, with limited or no access to markets. Nearly the entire rural population depends on agriculture, and if small farmers do not receive agricultural inputs before the planting season ends in January, farmers will see no harvest in March/April 2014. Over 3 million food rations have been distributed to date by the Food Cluster, however recovery of livelihoods in the fishing and farming industries is a key priority as many lack cash to buy food and rebuild their houses. With over a million homes either damaged or destroyed, shelter requirements remain urgent and extensive, but vary greatly according to locations. Communities are also in need of nutrition and clean water in order to prevent a further spread of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in the coming months. According to national health officials, ARI, including pneumonia, are of high concern. As foreign medical teams that have focused on trauma injuries begin to leave the country, gaps will occur for basic health care. Operational health facilities are reportedly overstretched, and there is still overall poor coverage of services, in particular along the Eastern coast of Samar and Cebu. Screening for acute malnutrition is ongoing as an estimated 1.35 million children under-five are at risk of malnutrition. Water supply is being restored in many locations, but water kits are urgently needed in many of the affected areas. Water trucking is hampered by the low number of available trucks. Open defecation is occurring in  Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report No. 17   |  2 many areas and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are urgently needed to avert potential outbreaks.  Attention needs to go to persons with special needs, including those with disabilities, elderly, single-headed households, and single women. The Department of Education aims to reopen schools by 2 December, which will necessitate the vacating of some school premises that are currently being used as evacuation centres. Recovery and reconstruction activities are making good progress. The Government has formed a high-level national taskforce to ensure fast track transition from relief efforts to rehabilitation and rebuilding of the affected areas.  Although electricity is slowly being restored, power remains a challenge. Fuel remains scarce in some areas, including Guiuan, affecting response operations. In Eastern Samar, IDPs on the island barangays of Homonhon and Suluan in Guiuan Municipality have received limited assistance due to inaccessibility of the area. Following the oil spill that occurred along the coast near Estancia (Iloilo Province), 5,000 people have been evacuated to allow for the removal of a 10 km oil slick and contain damage from the spill. Funding  As of 24 November, a total of US$317 million has been contributed to the Typhoon Haiyan response, including from Member States, the Central Emergency Response Fund, multilateral institutions, private companies and individuals. Of this total, $134 million has been contributed to the Typhoon Haiyan Action Plan, according to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS). The Plan was launched by the Humanitarian Country Team on 12 November and seeks $348 million to provide life-saving assistance to the affected communities. Although the Plan initially requested $301 million, the overall requirement increased to $348 million based on assessments completed as partners gained better access to affected areas. For updated funding figures, visit the Typhoon Haiyan page on FTS at: http://bit.ly/17lyKgJ. Typhoon Haiyan Action Plan US$348 million  requested Funding by sector (in million US$)   All humanitarian partners, including donors and recipient agencies, are encouraged to inform OCHA's Financial Tracking Service (FTS - http://fts.unocha.org) of cash and in-kind contributions by e-mailing: fts@un.org Funded 39% Unmet 61% 6 3 20 25 46 3 113 38 33 5 12 13 1 31 0 CCCM Coordination Early Recovery Education Emergency Shelter ETC Food Security and Agriculture Health Livelihoods Logistics Nutrition Protection Security Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Not yet specified Funded Unmet % Covered 14% 67% 50% 26% 36% 38% 34% 20% 5% 100% 4% 20% 35% 46% n/a Public Private Partnerships The private sector is playing an active role in the humanitarian response in areas affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Affected people, humanitarian organizations and the media welcome private sector efforts to raise funds, provide support services and deliver aid in the affected areas. The Business Civic Leadership Center (BCLC) has reported that the international business community has pledged cash and in-kind contributions in excess of $44.5 million as of 21 November (http://bclc.uschamber.com/site-page/typhoon-haiyan-corporate-aid-tracker). Companies are strongly encouraged to coordinate and align their efforts with the clusters as outlined in the Haiyan Action Plan. OCHA has deployed a Private Sector Focal Point to Manila to support the Humanitarian Coordinator and the Humanitarian Country Team. Karen Smith (smith3@un.org) will act as focal point for queries and offers of support from the private sector. She will liaise with cluster leads to identify needs under the Haiyan Action Plan and bring them to the attention of the private sector, and seek to match relevant private sector offers to cluster needs, through OCHA’s existing networks and in close cooperation with the UN Global Compact office. This will ensure direct follow up in order to have maximum impact and reduce overlap or adverse outcomes. As an initial starting point, humanitarian partners should direct companies interested in contributing to the response to the Guide to Giving (https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/Haiyan_GtG_EN.pdf) and recently-issued Business Brief.    Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report No. 17   |  3 Humanitarian Response Camp Coordination and Camp Management Needs: ã  1,096 evacuation centres are still open and providing temporary shelter to 53,264 families (240,793 people). ã  Water, sanitation, hygiene and protection services are urgently needed in displacement sites. ã  5,000 people living near Estancia (Iloilo Province) have been evacuated ahead of operations to contain damage from the oil spill that occurred following the typhoon. Response: ã  600 families affected by the oil spill in Estancia have been registered, and a damaged school identified as an evacuation centre. Due to the lack of space, the most vulnerable have been hosted in the evacuation centre, while the remaining 120 families have been given tents to set up nearby. ã  In Guiuan (Eastern Samar Province), 75 tents were established to host 300 families. A plan was developed for the site to host 500 families. The Cluster is coordinating with partners to ensure the required assistance is provided to these families. Early Recovery Needs: ã  In Tacloban, 138 barangays suffered severe infrastructure and physical damage, particularly coastal villages. Response: ã  In Tacloban City, the main streets are now almost completely cleared, while debris is being cleared from the two largest hospitals (Eastern Visayas General and the Bethany) and elementary schools, providing temporary employment in a cash-for-work programme. ã  Debris clearing is nearly done in barangays 87, 88 and 89 (coastal villages in Tacloban City). Cash-for-work was provided to over 60 people in the barangays. Debris clearance has begun in barangay 90. ã  In Ormoc, the Government has allocated funding for emergency employment. Gaps & Constraints: ã   Additional heavy equipment is needed to hasten the pace of debris clearing. ã   Additional warehousing facilities are also needed to store the equipment. Education Needs: ã  Immediate cash assistance/transfers for affected teachers and day care workers are needed to enable them to resume educational services and initiate emergency education activities including psychosocial support services and tracking of affected children. ã  There is a continuing need for tents for temporary learning or child friendly spaces. ã  The repair and rehabilitation of damaged and/or destroyed school buildings in areas not being reached by the Government is needed. ã  Basic teaching and learning materials, including sports and recreation equipment for psychosocial support activities, are needed. Response: ã  Debris-clearing is continuing in schools. ã  In Tacloban, school sites where temporary learning spaces can safely be set up are being identified. ã  20 tents have been delivered to Tacloban City for temporary learning spaces. Gaps & Constraints: ã  There is a need for more information on the status of day care centres and children. ã  Electricity has not yet been restored in most municipalities. 240,793 people still living in evacuation centres  Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report No. 17   |  4 Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs) Needs: ã   According to the most recent Government estimates, over 1 million houses were damaged, including an estimated 523,000 completely destroyed. ã  Tents, tarpaulins and shelter non-food items (NFIs) are urgently required. ã  Corrugated iron sheets, nails, building tools and building materials are urgently needed to support early recovery. Response: ã  In Guiuan, shelter and NFIs were provided to 2,034 families on 22-23 November. ã  In Ormoc, blankets and mats were distributed to 398 families living in evacuation centres and 451 families living in a remote barangay (Lake Danao) on 22-23 November. ã  In Tacloban, blankets, mats, tarpaulins and kitchen sets were provided to 2,601 families on 22-23 November. Gaps & Constraints: ã  The number of available tents, tarpaulins and shelter NFIs is rapidly decreasing. Local markets cannot meet the demand for shelter materials. ã  Due to the lack of funding, many partners are unable to start a second wave of procurement. This will result in shelter/NFI distributions diminishing in the coming week. Emergency Telecommunications Response: ã  Data connectivity installation has been completed at the Estancia municipal hall (Iloilo Province), providing ETC services to aid organizations. ã   An ETC internet café is being set up at a new office in a prefabricated building in Cebu airport. Constraints: ã  Power outages are restricting ETC operations, especially in Tacloban. Food Security and Agriculture Needs: ã   An estimated 2.5 million people are in need of life-saving food assistance as per current estimates; this number is expected to increase as further assessment results are received. ã   An estimated 90 per cent of the rural population consists of small farmers who urgently require agricultural inputs before the planting season ends in January. ã  The Government has requested support to provide an estimated 1,920 tons of rice seeds, 330 tons of corn seeds, 2,200 tons of fertilizers, 11,000 agricultural tool kits and 1,400 small irrigation water pumps to severely affected farmers. Response: ã  Between 2.5 million and 3 million people have received food assistance, including rice, high-energy biscuits and emergency food products from DSWD and WFP. WFP is working with DSWD to adjust the duration of the food ration over the coming weeks. ã   Additional cluster partners have reached 225,565 people in affected areas; the Philippines Red Cross has distributed food to 218 families in evacuation centres. ã  ICRC finished distributing three-day food rations to 4,300 households in 54 barangays in Guiuan and surrounding areas. It is launching a large operation on 25 November, in coordination with partners, to distribute one-month food rations. Gaps & Constraints: ã  Funding is needed rapidly to fill the gap in immediate needs identified by the Government in order to restore rice and maize production in the most affected areas. ã  To date, no funds have been committed to restore fisheries-based livelihoods. 1,247 families provided with shelter assistance in Guiuan > 2.5 million people have received food assistance
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