Polymer a large molecule of repeating units (monomer)

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Polymer a large molecule of repeating units (monomer). Identical monomers  homopolymer different monomers  c opolymer. Polymers can be naturally occurring like silk or starch. Polymers can be synthetically made like rubber, nylon or plastics. Addition Polymers.
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Polymer a large molecule of repeating units (monomer) Identical monomers homopolymer different monomers copolymer Polymers can be naturally occurring like silk or starch. Polymers can be synthetically made like rubber, nylon or plastics. Addition Polymers Unsaturated monomers (containing double bonds) are changed into single bonds as they join together in chains. Other examples page 85
  • Plastic is a polymer that can be shaped when exposed to heat or pressure, but is able to maintain its shape when cooled.
  • Cross linking (the bonding of adjacent polymer chains through their functional groups) strengthens polymers so they are more rigid. Eg. Adding of sulphur to rubber to make it more durable (called vulcanization).
  • Plasticizers can be added to add flexibility, however they weaken the strength. They also increase reactivity causing adverse health effects on humans.
  • Plastics are generally unreactive since they contain predominantly single bonded carbon. All polymers are not plastic, but all plastics are polymers
  • Condensation Polymers predominantly single bonded carbon. Addition of 2 reactive functional groups where a small molecule (like water) is eliminated. Eg. An acid group reacts with an alcohol group  polyester Eg predominantly single bonded carbon.. An acid group reacts with an amine group  polyamide *these polymers can be made biodegradable by having bacteria break down the ester/amide links Natural Polymers predominantly single bonded carbon.
  • Carbohydrates (starch) is a polymer of a monosaccharide (a ketone or aldehyde with many OH side groups), like glucose.
  • Amino acids contain a carboxylic acid and an amine. A protein polymer called a peptide is made up of 2 or more amino acids linked by a condensation reaction. Polypeptides lead to the formation of proteins.
  • Nucleic acids are polymers made up of DNA/RNA that is responsible for protein synthesis
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