Space Shuttle Mission STS-29

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  S T S -29 March1989 _1 RockwellInternational =_ -- _ SpaceTransportationSystemsDivision Offi ce ofMediaR e lations P UB35 4 6- V RE V 3-89  C ONTENTSMISSIONOVERVIEW ................................................................... IMISSIONSTATISTICS .................................................................. 3MISSIONOBJECTIVES .................................................................4D EVELOPMENTTESTOBJECTIVES .....................................................4 DETAILEDSUPPLEMENTARYO BJ ECTIVES .............................................5 PAYLOADCONFIGURATION ............................................................ 7INERTIALUPPERSTAGE .............................................................. 9 TRA CKINGANDDATARELAYSATELLITESYSTEM ..................................... 19SPACESTATIONHEATPIPEADVANCED RA DIATORELEMENT .......................... 31IMAXCAME RA........................................................................ 3 5 PROTEINCRYSTALGROWTHEXPERIMENT ............................................ 37CHROMOSOMEANDPLANTCEL L DIVISIONINSPACEEXPERIMENT .................... 39ORBITEREXPERIMENTAUTONOMOUSSUPPORTINGINSTRUMENTATIONSYSTEM .....4 1iSHUTT L ESTUDENTINVO L VEMENTPROJECTEXPERIMENTS ........................... 43AIRFORCEMAUlOPTICALSITECALIB RA TIONTEST ...................................45 ON-ORBITDEVELOPMENTTESTOBJECTIVES ..........................................4 7ON-ORBITDETAILEDSUPPLEMENTARYOBJECTIVES ...................................4 9  i/'/ 3' MI S SIONO V ERVIEW Th i sisthee i ghthflight o fDiscoveryandthe28thinthe I USwillign it eitssec o n d -stageSRMapproximatelysevenhoursspacetransportationsystemprogram,afterdeployment.Backuptransferorbitinsertionscouldoccur60minutesafterdeploymentonorbits7A,8D(descendingnode),TheflightcrewfortheSTS-29missionconsistsofcom-16Aor18A.manderMichaelL.Coats;pilotJohnE.Blaha,andmissionspe-cialistsJamesEBuchli,RobertC.SpringerandJamesP.Bagian.SevenotherpayloadswillbecarriedaboardDiscoveryonthismission.FivearelocatedinDiscovery'screwcompartmentTheprimaryobjectiveofthisfive-daymissionistodeployandtwoarelocatedinthepayloadbay.thethirdTrackingandDataRelaySatellitematedwithaninertialupperstage.AfterthedeploymentofTDRS-Dandits1USfromFiveexperimentswillbecarriedinDiscovery'screwcompart-Discovery'spayloadbay,theIUSwillprovidethenecessaryveloc-ment.TheyaretheProteinCrystalGrowth,SpaceLifeScienceitytoplacethesatelliteinageosynchronousorbit,whereitwillTrainingProgramChromosomeandPlant C ellDivisioninSpacejoinTDRS-AandTDRS-C.TDRS-Awaslaunchedfrom C hal-(CHROMEX),andIMAX70mmCameraexperimentsandtwolengerontheSTS-6missioninApril1983,andTDRS- C wasShuttleStudentInvolvementProjectexperiments:SSIP82-8,launchedfromDiscoveryontheSTS-26missioninSeptemberEffectsofWeightlessnessinSpaceFlightontheHealingofBone1988.TDRS-DwilltaketheplaceofTDRS-Aat41degreeswestFractures,andSSIP83-9,ChickenEmbryoDevelopmentinlongitudeabovetheequatorandwillbereferredtoasTDRS-East.Space.TDRS-Awillthenberelocatedto79degreeswestlongitudeabovetheequatorovercentralSouth A mericaandwillbemaintainedasThetwoexperimentslocatedinDiscovery'spayloadbayare1anon-orbitspare.TDRS-BwaslostontheSTS51-Lmission,theSpaceStationHeatPipeAdvancedRadiatorElementandOrbiterExperimentAutonomousSupportingInstrumentationTDRS-DanditsIUSarescheduledtobedeployedfromDis-System1.covery'spayloadbayonthefifthorbitatamissionelapsedtimeofsixhoursand13minutes.BackupdeploymentopportunitiesareTheAirForceMauiOpticalSiteCalibrationTestexperimentavailableonorbits6,7and15,withacontingencycapabilityonallowsground-basedelectro-opticalsensorsonMaui,Hawaii,toorbit17.collectimageryandsignaturedataofDiscovery'sreactioncontrolsystemplumesduringoverflights.TheIUSwilligniteitsfirst-stagesolidrocketmotoronorbit6A(ascendingnode)fortransferorbitinsertionapproximately60Thismissionisthefirstreflightofthemainlandinggearminutesafterdeployment.(Eachorbitstartswhentheorbiterbrakeswithoutrefurbishment.Thesearethesamebrakesflownbeginsitsascentacrosstheequatoronitsascendingnode.)TheonDiscoveryontheSTS-26mission.  MISSIONSTATISTICS La u nch:La u nchwin do wdurati o nisl i mite d t o 2.5h ou rsbeca u seA l t i t u de :1 60na u tic a lm il es ( 184statute m iles ) ,the n 160by177flightcrewmembersarelyingontheirbacksinDiscoveryonnauticalmiles ( 184by203statutemiles)thelaunchpad.Launchperioddurationisfourhoursduetolightingatthetransatlanticlandingabortsite.DiscoveryistoSpaceShuttleMainEngineThrustLevelinAscent:104percentbelaunchedfromLaunchComplex39-B.TotalLift-offWeight:Ap p roximately4,536,861pounds3 / I1 / 898:10a.m.EST7:10a.m.CSTOrbiterWeight,IncludingCargoatLift-off:Approximately5:10a.m.PST208,285poundsMissionDuration:!20hours(fivedays ) ,onehour,sevenminutesPayloadWeightUp:Approximately47,384poundsLanding:Nominalendofmissionisonorbit81.PayloadWeightDown:Approximately9,861pounds3 / 16 / 899:!7a.m.ESTOrbiterWeightatLanding:Approximately194,460pounds8:17a.m.CST6:17a.m.PST p ayloads:TDRS-D / IUS-2;SHARE,IMAX,PCG,CHROMEX,AMOS,andOASIS-Iexperiments;andtwoSSIPInclination:28.45degreesexperiments--SSIP82-8,bonehealing,andSSIP83-9,3chickeneggsAscent:Theascentprofileforthismissionisadirectinsertion.Onlyoneorbitalmaneuveringsystemthrustingmaneuver , FlightCrewMembers:referredtoasOMS-2,isusedtoachieveinsertionintoanellip-Commander:MichaelL.Coats,secondspaceshuttleflightticalorbit.Thisdirect-insertionprofileloftstheascenttrajec-Pilot:JohnE.Blaha,firstspaceshuttleflighttorytoprovidetheearliestopportunityfororbi t intheeventMissionSpecia!ist1: J ames E Buchli,thirdspaceshuttleofaproblemwithaspaceshuttlemainengine,flightMissionSpecialist2:Robert C .Springer,firstspaceshuttleTheOMS-Ithrustingmaneuveraftermainenginecutoffplusflightapproximatelytwominutesiseliminatedinthisdirect-MissionSpecialist3:James E Bagian,firstspaceshuttleinsertionascentprofile.TheOMS-Ithrustingmaneuverisflightreplacedbya5-foot-per-secondreactioncontrolsystemmaneuvertofacilitate th emainpropulsionsystempropellantAscentSeating:dump.Flightdeckfrontleftseat,commanderMichaelCoatsFlightdeckfrontrightseat,pilotJohnBlahaBecause o fthedirect-insertionascentpr o file,theexternalFlightdeckaftcenterseat,missionspecialistJamesBuchlitank'simpactareawillbeinthePacificOceansouthofFlightdeckaftrightseat,missionspecialistRobertSpringerItawaii.Middeck,missionspecialist.lamesBagian
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