An Interpretation of the English BibleDANIEL and THE INTER_BIBLICAL PERIOD Volume 09.

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An Interpretation of the English Bible DANIEL and THE INTER_BIBLICAL PERIOD by B. H. CARROLL Late President of Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas Edited by J. B. Cranfill BAKER BOOK HOUSE Grand Rapids, Michigan New and complete edition Copyright 1948, Broadman Press Reprinted by Baker Book House with permission of First Printing, September 1973 PHOTOLITHOPRINTED BY GUSHING _ MALLOY, INC. ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA CONTENTS I. Introduction to the Boo
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  An Interpretation of the English BibleDANIEL and THEINTER_BIBLICAL PERIOD  by B. H. CARROLLLate President of Southwestern BaptistTheological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas Edited byJ. B. CranfillBAKER BOOK HOUSEGrand Rapids, Michigan New and complete editionCopyright 1948, Broadman PressReprinted by Baker Book Housewith permission of First Printing, September 1973PHOTOLITHOPRINTED BY GUSHING _ MALLOY, INC.ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  CONTENTSI. Introduction to the Book of Daniel............................................1II. The History in the first Chapter..............................................16III. The History of Nebuchadnezzar...........................................28IV. Daniel and Belshazzar..........................................................40V. The History of Darius the Mede............................................52VI. The Related Prophetic Sections of Daniel............................60VII. The Related Prophetic Sections of Daniel (Cont.)..............72VIII. The Related Prophetic Sections of Daniel (Cont.).............82IX. The Marvelous Ninth Chapter of Daniel..............................92X. The Marvelous Ninth Chapter of Daniel..............................102XI. The Marvelous Ninth Chapter of Daniel............................115XII. The Glorious Vision of the Son of God............................127XIII. The Final Prophecies of the Book....................................138XIV. The Inter-Biblical Period - Introduction..........................147XV. The Persian Period............................................................158XVI. The Jews Under Greek Rule...........................................167.XVII. The Jews Under Antiochus III and Seleucus IV............177XVIII. Antiochus Epiphanes.....................................................186XIX. The Maccabees................................................................196XX. The Jews under the Romans and Herod............................205  INTRODUCTION IINTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF DANIEL This first chapter on Daniel commences with a quadrupleheading: Daniel in the Lions' Den. – BIBLE.Daniel in the Heathens' Den. – ANONYMOUSDaniel in the Critics' Den. – SIR ROBERT ANDERSONDaniel in the Crickets' Den. – SOMEBODY This quadruple heading is both logical and chronological.It is a felicitous anticlimax and it suggests that Daniel's ene_ mies are petering out – growing smaller by degrees and beauti_ fully less. The lions were truly formidable wild beasts in their ownskins. The Heathen are only spiritual wild beasts in figura_ tive skins. The Critics are German rationalists in splicedheathen and Christian skins. The Cricketa are English as_ aimilators in German skins.In the jungle, when the lion roars, all animate nature be_ comes silent. When the lion is gone hyenas howl and jackals bark. When hyenas and jackals pass on the crickets begin tochirp. Since Daniel, on earth, trembled not at the roar,Howl, bark, and chirp, he may well ignore. I say that these four headings are both logical and chronolog_ ical. The lions of Darius belong to 521 B.C. The first attack on the historical veracity of the book, on the reality of its mira_ cles and prophecy, quite naturally came from a heathen,Porphyry, in the third century A.D. In a fifteen volume assaulton Christianity in general, he devotes the twelfth volume to anattack on Daniel, srcinating the substance of all subsequenthostile criticism. Centuries later he was somewhat timidlyfollowed by the apostate Dutch Jew, Spinoza, and still later by 1  THE INTER-BIBLICAL PERIOD the English infidel, Hobbes, and the deist, Collins.So far, all these attacks on the book came from without, andso coming were easily repulsed. But, in the nineteenth centurythe German radical critics arose. The retention of the unionof church and state by Protestantism, notably in Germany andEngland, let the world into the church, bringing about, amongmany others, two monstrous and incalculable evils: First,spiritual regeneration was no longer essential to church mem_  bership. Second, church dignitaries were appointed by the political power. In this way the pulpits of churches and the professorships in so_called Christian schools were filled notonly with unregenerate men, but with atheists and materialists.Later, when the old time heathen philosophy of Epicurus,Lucretius, and Democritus was revived in the modern hypothe_ sis of Evolution, and its principles applied to biblical criticism,the radicals became more extreme and destructive. This specu_ lative philosophy had been smitten hip and thigh by Paul atAthens, the home of its srcin. But now, under the two evils before cited, it comes not from without, in the open, and under an honest flag, but from within and in the name of Christianity.In heart and in belief they are at one with Epicurus, Lucretius,Democritus, Porphyry, Spinoza, Hobbes, Collins, Bolinbroke,Tom Paine, and Voltaire. Indeed, it is hardly fair to the deiststo be ranked with atheistical materialists. Tom Paine was far and away above many who now occupy pulpits and professors'chairs in so_called Christian schools. In the nineteenth centurythese German radical critics attacked the book of Daniel. Thenthe English assimilators, not imitators, of the Germans, cameto the front. BIBLIOGRAPHY In citing authors on Daniel, I need not mention Porphyry,the heathen, nor the apostate Dutch Jew, Spinoza, nor the in_ fidel, Hobbes, nor the deist, Collins, since in the main thesesrcinal fountains become the streams of the German ration_ alists of the nineteenth century. Then I need not cite the 2
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