Herbal Plants of Bangladesh

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This book describes 150 herbal plants along with digital photos of plants and voucher specimen images of the species. The herbal plant details have been arranged in alphabetical order according to their latest scientific names, so that readers may not have difficulty finding any particular plant. All the enlisted scientific names of the plants have been checked with the world’s updated “The Plant List (www.theplantlist.org)”, a working list of all world plant species. At the end references, glossary of medical terms and indexes have been included. Although no individual reference could be cited for all the varied information given in this book, the major sources have been recorded in the reference list. For quick access to identifying and checking any name, all the scientific names, vernacular/Bengali names, tribal names and English names are arranged alphabetically in the index.
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  ETHNOBOTANICALDATABASEOFBANGLADESH(EDB)KOREARESEARCHINSTITUTEOFBIOSCIENCEANDBIOTECHNOLOYG(KRIBB) Published by International Biological Material Research Center (IBMRC)Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology (KRIBB)125 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea Editors-in-Chief  Md. Salah Uddin, Sangwoo Lee, Sangho Choi Editors Jinhyub Paik, Sooyong Kim, Changyoung Lee, Yongin Kim, Jeongkwang Park, Mijin Park  Photographs Md. Salah Uddin, Tapash Bardhan, Sangwoo Lee Published September, 2017 Copyright Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology (KRIBB)All rights reserved. No part of this publication may reprinted or reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical or by any information storage or retrieval systems without prior  permission of the authors. Design & Printed by GeoBook Publishing Co. ISBN 978-89-6709-090-6 96480 Correct citation of this publication Uddin, M.S., Lee, S.W. and Choi, S. (eds.). 2017. Herbal plants of Bangladesh. International Biological Material Research Center (IBMRC), Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Republic of Korea. 200 pages. Explanatory Notes The efcacy contained in this book is refered to some references. The uses of plants must be followed by a medical doctor. Md. Salah Uddin Sangwoo Lee Sangho Choi  Foreword Preface This book is an outcome of project work implemented by Ethnobotanical Database of Bangladesh (EDB) and International Biological Material Research Center (IBMRC), sponsored by Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning in Korea. This book describes 150 herbal plants along with digital photos of plants and voucher specimen images of the species. The herbal plant details have been arranged in alphabetical order according to their latest scientic names, so that readers may not have difculty nding any particular plant. All the enlisted scientific names of the plants have been checked with the world’s updated “The Plant List (www.theplantlist.org)”, a working list of all world plant species. At the end references, glossary of medical terms and indexes have been included. Although no individual reference could be cited for all the varied information given in this book, the major sources have been recorded in the reference list. For quick access to identifying and checking any name, all the scientific names, vernacular/Bengali names, tribal names and English names are arranged alphabetically in the index. The uses of herbal plants described in this book are not recommendations, and the authors are not responsible for any liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of information in this book. We sincerely hope that this book will be useful to the people who are interested in herbal plants of Bangladesh.We are greatly indebted to the authorities of Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea Republic for generous grants of fund and continuous support to carry out the project work, which resulted in the publication of this book. It is hoped that this book will facilitate research on herbal plants of Bangladesh. We are grateful to Tapash Bardhan and Dr. Md. Ahsan Habib for providing some photographs of herbal plants. We would like to express our sincerest thanks to Noor Ahmed, Salma Ahmed, Noor Jahan Akhter, Farhanul Jannah, Md. Awal, and Shahab Uddin for their kind and generous support. We greatly appreciate the cooperation and assistance received directly or indirectly from the researchers and staff of the EDB and KRIBB in carrying out this project work. Finally we express our deep sense of gratitude and thanks to the local people and traditional healers without whose cooperaton the work could not be accomplished.September, 2017Sangho Choi, Ph.D.Director, IBMRCLike Bangladesh, in the subcontinent of Indomalaya ecozone, traditionally, native  people in Bangladesh have lived in agricultural based livelihood and treated their health care using the indigenous therapies and recipes of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and  Naturopathy srcinated from the ancient India. According to historical heritage, Cross cultural experience through the eld trips for surveying of medicinal plants under the participatory-action into the hilly moist deciduous jungles forests, the wetland of paddy rice eld and at the local market survey in Bangladesh was very impressive for my rst time ethnobotanical research. Known through the eld trips, in countryside villages surrounded with lush vegetation, many tropical farming cash crops for local people’s livelihood, were cultivated like as bamboos, betel nut, coconut, mango, guava, jackfruit,  Musa basjoo  (hardy banana)  Musa acuminata  (banana),  Borassus abellifer   (sugar palm),  Diospyros blancoi (velvet apple) and many kinds of vegetables. As a result of eld surveys for the long period, Ethnobotanical Database of Bangladesh (EDB) has played a very pioneering role in recording traditional knowledge of medicinal  plants used by native healers and people who practiced traditional medicinal knowledge.As a series of documentation as EDB, in former two books published, Vol.1 First one Medicinal plants of Bangladesh and Vol. 2 Second one Ethnomedicinal plants of Bangladesh; we have introduced very diverse and authentic traditional medicinal knowledge of Bangladesh through the long period of international cooperation.On this time the 3rd volume 3rd one of book named Herbal Plants of Bangladesh will be  published and hope it will be helpful for getting information for the research interests on every topics of study. Md. Salah UddinSangwoo Lee 4 5  Contents Foreword … 4 Preface … 5  Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet … 10  Acalypha hispida  Burm.f. … 11  Adiantum latifolium  Lam. … 12  Aerides odorata  Lour. … 13  Allium cepa L. … 14  Allium sativum  L. … 15  Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. … 16  Alpinia calcarata  (Haw.) Roscoe … 17  Alpinia malaccensis  (Burm.f.) Roscoe … 18  Alpinia nigra  (Gaertn.) Burtt … 19  Ammannia baccifera  L. … 20  Andrographis paniculata  (Burm.f.) Nees … 21  Annona reticulata  L. … 22  Artocarpus chama  Buch.-Ham. … 23  Arundina graminifolia  (D.Don) Hochr. … 24  Asclepias curassavica  L. … 25  Asparagus racemosus  Willd. … 26  Astraea lobata  (L.) Klotzsch … 27  Averrhoa bilimbi L. … 28  Baccaurea ramiora  Lour. … 29  Barringtonia acutangula  (L.) Gaertn. … 30  Bauhinia acuminata  L. … 31  Bauhinia variegata  L. … 32  Begonia roxburghii  A.DC. … 33  Beta vulgaris  L. … 34  Bixa orellana  L. … 35  Lagerstroemia speciosa  (L.) Pers. … 93  Limonia acidissima  L. … 94  Luffa acutangula  (L.) Roxb. … 95  Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem. … 96  Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. … 97  Madhuca longifolia  (J.Koenig ex L.) J.F.Macbr. … 98  Marsilea minuta L. … 99  Mazus pumilus (Burm.f.) Steenis … 100  Mecardonia procumbens (Mill.) Small … 101  Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hallier f. … 102  Mimosa pudica  L. … 103  Mirabilis jalapa L. … 104  Momordica charantia  L. … 105  Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng. … 106  Morus alba  L. … 107  Mucuna monosperma  Wight … 108  Mucuna pruriens  (L.) DC. … 109  Murdannia spirata  (L.) G.Brückn. … 110  Murraya paniculata  (L.) Jack … 111  Nerium oleander   L. … 112  Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. … 113  Nymphoides indica  (L.) Kuntze … 114 Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC. … 115 Oldenlandia corymbosa  L. … 116  Paederia foetida L. … 117    Papilionanthe teres  (Roxb.) Schltr. … 118  Pavetta indica  L. … 119  Phyllanthus niruri  L. … 120  Phyllodium pulchellum  (L.) Desv. … 121  Physalis minima  L. … 122  Piper betle L. … 123  Piper retrofractum  Vahl … 124  Pisum sativum  L. … 125  Pithecellobium dulce  (Roxb.) Benth. … 126 Cucumis sativus  L. … 59 Cuphea hyssopifolia  Kunth … 60 Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf … 61  Dasymaschalon longiorum  (Roxb.) Finet & Gagnep. … 62  Datura metel   L. … 63  Desmodium gangeticum  (L.) DC. … 64  Dimocarpus longan  Lour. … 65  Dipterocarpus turbinatus C.F.Gaertn … 66  Duabanga grandiora  (DC.) Walp. … 67  Ehretia acuminata R.Br. … 68  Emilia sonchifolia  (L.) DC. ex DC. … 69  Eryngium foetidum  L. … 70  Erythrina variegata  L. … 71  Etlingera linguiformis  (Roxb.) R.M.Sm. … 72  Euphorbia hirta L. … 73  Euphorbia thymifolia  L. … 74  Euphorbia tirucalli L. … 75  Evolvulus nummularius  (L.) L. … 76  Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. … 77 Gardenia jasminoides J.Ellis … 78 Glycine max  (L.) Merr. … 79 Grewia nervosa  (Lour.) Panigrahi … 80  Helianthus annuus  L. … 81  Helminthostachys zeylanica (L.) Hook. … 82  Hewittia malabarica  (L.) Suresh … 83  Hibiscus sabdariffa L. … 84  Homonoia riparia Lour. … 85  Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. … 86  Hydrolea zeylanica  (L.) Vahl … 87  Hyptis suaveolens  (L.) Poit. … 88  Ipomoea batatas  (L.) Lam. … 89  Ipomoea triloba  L. … 90  Justicia adhatoda  L. … 91  Kaempferia galanga  L. … 92  Bougainvillea spectabilis  Willd. … 36  Brassica napus  L. … 37  Brassica nigra  (L.) K.Koch … 38  Buddleja asiatica  Lour. … 39  Butea monosperma  (Lam.) Taub. … 40 Calophyllum inophyllum  L. … 41 Camellia sinensis  (L.) Kuntze … 42 Capparis zeylanica  L. … 43 Cayratia trifolia  (L.) Domin … 44 Celosia argentea  L. … 45 Centipeda minima  (L.) A.Braun & Asch. … 46 Chromolaena odorata  (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob. … 47 Cinnamomum tamala  (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees & Eberm. … 48 Cinnamomum verum  J.Presl … 49 Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai … 50 Clausena heptaphylla  (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. … 51 Codariocalyx motorius  (Houtt.) H.Ohashi … 52 Coix lacryma-jobi L. … 53 Cotula hemisphaerica Wall. ex Benth. & Hook.f. … 54 Crateva religiosa  G.Forst. … 55 Crotalaria calycina  Schrank … 56 Crotalaria pallida Aiton … 57 Cryptolepis sinensis (Lour.) Merr. … 58
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