List of Bach Cantatas by Liturgical Function - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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List of Bach cantatas
  16/04/13 8:52 PMList of Bach cantatas by liturgical function - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaPage 1 of 19 Contents 1 Background2 Advent2.1 Advent I2.2 Advent II2.3 Advent III2.4 Advent IV3 Christmas3.1 Christmas Day3.2 Second Day of Christmas3.3 Third Day of Christmas3.4 Christmas I3.5 New Year's Day3.6 New Year I3.7 Epiphany4 After Epiphany4.1 Epiphany I4.2 Epiphany II4.3 Epiphany III4.4 Epiphany IV4.5 Septuagesima4.6 Sexagesima4.7 Estomihi5 Lent5.1 Oculi5.2 Palm Sunday6 Easter6.1 Easter Sunday6.2 Easter Monday6.3 Easter Tuesday6.4 Easter I6.5 Easter II6.6 Easter III6.7 Easter IV6.8 Easter V6.9 Ascension6.10 Ascension I7 Pentecost7.1 Pentecost Sunday7.2 Pentecost Monday List of Bach cantatas by liturgical function From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is a list of sacred Bach cantatas , cantatascomposed for use in the Lutheran church by JohannSebastian Bach, in the order of their intended use inthe liturgical calendar . The prescribed readings foreach occasion are listed first, then the cantata(s) forthe occasion, including their BWV number, and thedate of their first performance, if known. Background Throughout his life as a musician, Bach composedcantatas for both secular and sacred use. In Weimar,he was from 1714 to 1717 commissioned to composeone church cantata a month. In the course of almostfour years there he thus covered most occasions of theliturgical year.As cantor in Leipzig Bach was responsible for theThomasschule and for the church music at the mainchurches, where a cantata was required for the serviceon Sundays and additional church holidays of theliturgical year. When Bach took up his office in 1723,he started to compose new cantatas for mostoccasions, beginning with  Die Elenden sollen essen, BWV 75 , first performed in the Nikolaikirche on 30May 1723, the first Sunday after Trinity. He collectedthem in annual cycles, five are mentioned inobituaries, three are extant. [1]  Bach started a secondannual cycle on the first Sunday after Trinity of 1724,composing only chorale cantatas, each based on asingle church hymn, first O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, BWV 20 , then works such as Wachet auf, ruft uns dieStimme, BWV 140 ,  Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61 , and Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 1 .Leipzig observed tempus clausum, quiet time, inAdvent and Lent, when no cantatas were performed.All cantatas for these occasions date from Bach'searlier time. He reworked some cantatas from thisperiod for different occasions. The high holidays  16/04/13 8:52 PMList of Bach cantatas by liturgical function - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaPage 2 of 19 7.3 Pentecost Tuesday8 Trinity9 Sundays after Trinity9.1 Trinity I9.2 Trinity II9.3 Trinity III9.4 Trinity IV9.5 Trinity V9.6 Trinity VI9.7 Trinity VII9.8 Trinity VIII9.9 Trinity IX9.10 Trinity X9.11 Trinity XI9.12 Trinity XII9.13 Trinity XIII9.14 Trinity XIV9.15 Trinity XV9.16 Trinity XVI9.17 Trinity XVII9.18 Trinity XVIII9.19 Trinity XIX9.20 Trinity XX9.21 Trinity XXI9.22 Trinity XXII9.23 Trinity XXIII9.24 Trinity XXIV9.25 Trinity XXV9.26 Trinity XXVI9.27 Trinity XXVII10 Fixed festivals within the Liturgical Year10.1 Purification10.2 Annunciation10.3 St. John's Day10.4 Visitation10.5 St. Michael's Day10.6 Reformation Day11 Occasions outside of the liturgical year11.1 Consecration of church and organ11.2 Ratswechsel11.3 Wedding11.4 Funeral12 Different occasions13 Sources14 ReferencesChristmas, Easter and Pentecost were each celebratedon three days. Additionally, feasts were celebrated onfixed dates, the feasts of Mary, Purification (MariaeReinigung, 2 February), Annunciation (MariaeVerkündigung, 25 March) and Visitation (MariaeHeimsuchung, 2 July), and the Saint's days of St. Johnthe Baptist (Johannis, 24 June), St. Michael(Michaelis, 29 September), St. Stephen (Stephanus, 26December, the second day of Christmas) and St. Johnthe Evangelist (Johannes, 27 December, the third dayof Christmas). Further feasts on fixed days were NewYear's Day (Neujahr, 1 January), Epiphany(Epiphanias, 6 January) and Reformation Day(Reformationsfest, 31 October). Sacred cantatas werealso performed for the inauguration of a new citycouncil (Ratswechsel, in Leipzig in August),consecration of church and organ, weddings,confession, funerals, and functions of the Universityof Leipzig.The Lutheran church of Bach's time prescribed thesame readings every year, a section from a Gospeland, recited before, a corresponding section from anEpistle. A connection between the cantata text and thereadings was desired. The readings are listed for eachoccasion, Epistle and Gospel, and linked to the Bibletext in the King James version, an English translationcontemporary to Bach's time, which read thetranslation of Martin Luther.The church year begins with the first Sunday inAdvent, but Bach started his annual cycles on the firstSunday after Trinity, as John Eliot Gardiner pointsout:It also marked the beginning of the second half of the Lutheran liturgical year: the Trinityseason or Era of the Church in which coreissues of faith and doctrine are explored, incontrast to the first half, known as the Temporale which, beginning in Advent andending on Trinity Sunday, focuses on the life of Christ, His incarnation, death andresurrection. [2]  16/04/13 8:52 PMList of Bach cantatas by liturgical function - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaPage 3 of 19 Roman numerals refer to the position of the given Sunday with respect to a feast day or season. For example, Advent III is the third Sunday in Advent and Trinity V is the fifth Sunday after Trinity. The number of Sundays after Epiphany and Trinity varies with the position of Easter in the calendar. There can be between 22and 27 Sundays after Trinity. The maximum number of Sundays after Epiphany did not occur while Bach wrotecantatas. Advent Advent is celebrated on the four Sundays before Christmas. In Leipzig, only on the first Sunday a cantata wasperformed, because it was a Fastenzeit (season of abstinence). Advent I Romans 13:11–14, night is advanced, day will comeMatthew 21:1–9, the Entry into JerusalemNun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61, 2 December 1714Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 62, 3 December 1724Schwingt freudig euch empor, BWV 36, 2 December 1731 (final version) Advent II Romans 15:4–13, call of the GentilesLuke 21:25–36, coming of the Son of manWachet! betet! betet! wachet! BWV 70a, 6 December 1716 (expanded in 1723 to BWV 170 for TrinityXXVI) Advent III 1 Corinthians 4:1–5, the ministry of faithful apostlesMatthew 11:2–10, John the Baptist in prisonÄrgre dich, o Seele, nicht, BWV 186a, 13 December 1716 (expanded in 1723 to BWV 186 for TrinityVII) Advent IV Philippians 4:4–7, Be joyful in the LordJohn 1:19–28, testimony of John the BaptistBereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn! BWV 132, 22 December 1715Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147a, 20 December 1716 (expanded in 1723 to BWV 147 forVisitation)  16/04/13 8:52 PMList of Bach cantatas by liturgical function - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaPage 4 of 19 Christmas The Christmas season was celebrated from Christmas Day through Epiphany. In Leipzig, three days wereobserved, with a Christmas cantata performed every day. For the Christmas season of 1734 Bach composed the Christmas Oratorio  in six parts, to be performed as the cantata in the service on the six feast days, three days of Christmas, New Year, the Sunday after New Year and Epiphany. Christmas Day Titus 2:11–14, God's mercy appeared (orIsaiah 9:2–7, Unto us a child is born)Luke 2:1–14, Nativity, Annunciation to the shepherds and the angels' songChristen, ätzet diesen Tag, BWV 63, 1713? 1716?Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ, BWV 91, 25 December 1724Unser Mund sei voll Lachens, BWV 110, 25 December 1725Ehre sei Gott in der Höhe, BWV 197a, 25 December ?1728 (partly lost)Jauchzet, frohlocket 25 December 1734 (Christmas Oratorio Part I)Gloria in excelsis Deo, BWV 191, 25 December 1745 Second Day of Christmas On this day Leipzig celebrated Christmas and St. Stephen's Day in alternating years, with different readings.For Christmas:Titus 3:4–7, God's mercy appeared in ChristLuke 2:15–20, the shepherds at the mangerfor St. Stephen's Day:Acts 6:8–15 and 7:55–60, Martyrdom of StephenMatthew 23:35–39, Jerusalem killing her prophetsDarzu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes, BWV 40, 26 December 1723Christum wir sollen loben schon, BWV 121, 26 December 1724Selig ist der Mann, BWV 57, 26 December 1725Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend 26 December 1734 (Christmas Oratorio Part II) Third Day of Christmas Hebrews 1:1–14, Christ is higher than the angelsJohn 1:1–14, prologue, also called Hymn to the WordSehet, welch eine Liebe hat uns der Vater erzeiget, BWV 64, 27 December 1723Ich freue mich in dir, BWV 133, 27 December 1724Süßer Trost, mein Jesus kömmt, BWV 151, 27 December 1725Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen 27 December 1734 (Christmas Oratorio Part III)
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