The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. What is the OECD?. A forum in which governments work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of interdependence and globalisation
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentWhat is the OECD?
  • A forum in which governments work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of interdependence and globalisation
  • A provider of comparative data, analysis and forecasts to underpin multilateral co-operation
  • A tool for governments
  • Born after World War II as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation to coordinate the Marshall Plan
  • Transformed in 1961 into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development with trans-Atlantic and then global reach
  • Today the OECD has 30 member countries
  • More than 70 developing and transition economies are engaged in working relationships with the OECD
  • A global outreachOECD Member CountriesCountries/Economies Engaged in Working Relationships with the OECDOECD’s missionTo promote policies designed:
  • to achieve sustainable economic growth and employment and rising standards of living in member countries while maintaining financial stability, so contributing to the development of the world economy
  • to assist sound economic expansion in member countries and other countries in the process of economic development
  • to contribute to growth in world trade on a multilateral, non-discriminatory basis
  • (Article 1 of the OECD Convention)Who drives OECD work?CouncilOversight and strategic directionRepresentatives of member countries and of the European Commission; decisions taken by consensusCommitteesSecretariatDiscussion and implementationAnalysis and proposalsSecretary-General Deputy Secretaries-GeneralDirectoratesRepresentatives of member countries and countries with Observer status work with the OECD Secretariat on specific issuesAnnual budget: 188 million euros Funded by member countriesThe OECD Secretariat
  • Works in two official languages: English and French
  • Staff members are international civil servants
  • No quota system for national representation
  • 2300 staff at Paris headquartersOECD’s wayof workingData CollectionAnalysisDiscussionDecisionsImplementationPeer reviews,multilateral surveillanceWorking with governments
  • Sharing information in all areas of the OECD’s work
  • Country and region-based cooperation programmes
  • Helping governments and citizens in all countries to reap the benefits of international trade and investment
  • Working with civil society
  • Consulting with business through BIAC, the Business and Industry Advisory Committee
  • Consulting with labour through TUAC, the Trade Union Advisory Committee
  • Expanding relations with civil society in such areas as the environment, trade, electronic commerce and social policy
  • Making information available to the public on www.oecd.organd in OECD publications. Public comment is welcome
  • Analysing and publishing comparative data and producing forecastsDeveloping policies to ensure economic growth and stability Helping governments work together to strengthen the multilateral trading systemEncouraging the expansion of financial services and cross-border investmentPromoting best practices on an international scaleEconomics and tradeHelping to ensure equal access to education for all Promoting effective and accessible health systemsFighting social exclusion and unemploymentBridging the “digital divide” between rich and poorSocial cohesionMaking markets work for ecologically and economically sustainable developmentHarnessing science and technology in the service of citizens in all countriesStrengthening decision-making to avoid wastage and pollutionOur environmentGovernance
  • Promoting good governance at all levels of government and corporate activity
  • Ensuring transparency and fairness in tax systems and competition rules
  • Fighting corruption and money-laundering and promoting high ethical standards
  • Supporting accountability and encouraging citizen-participation in policy-making
  • Some OECD achievements
  • DAC Guidelines for Poverty Reduction
  • OECD Model Tax Convention
  • OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
  • OECD Principles of Corporate Governance
  • OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
  • Export Credit Arrangement
  • OECD Guidelines for Conflict Prevention
  • OECD Chemicals Test Acceptance Agreement
  • OECD Chemical Hazard Classification System
  • OECD GM Crop Identification System
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