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  9/12/13Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_Protection_Act,_19721/3 The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 An Act to provide for the protection of Wild animals, birdsand plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Citation Act No. 53 of 1972(http://www.moef.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife1.html) Enactedby Parliament of India Dateenacted 9 September 1972 Amendments Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1982Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1986Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1993Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 From Wiki pedia, the free encyclopedia The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972  is an Indianlegislation enacted by the Parliament of India for  protection of plants and animal species. Before1972, India only had five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Actestablished schedules of protected plant andanimal species; hunting or harvesting thesespecies was largely outlawed.The Act provides for the protection of wildanimals, birds and plants; and for mattersconnected therewith or ancillary or incidentalthereto. It extends to the whole of India, exceptthe State of Jammu and Kashmir which has itsown wildlife act. It has six schedules which givevarying degrees of protection. Schedule I(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s1.html)and  part II of Schedule II(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s2.html) provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties.Species listed in Schedule III(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s3.html)and Schedule IV(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s4.html)are also protected, but the penalties are much lower. Schedule V(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s5.html)includes the animals which may be hunted. The plants in Schedule VI(http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s6.html)are prohibited from cultivation and planting. Thehunting to the Enforcement authorities have the power to compound offences under thisSchedule (i.e. they impose fines on theoffenders). Up to April 2010 there have been16 convictions under this act relating to the death of tigers. Contents 1 Definitions under the Act (Section 2)2 Hunting (Section 9)3 Ownership (Section 40 & 42)4 Penalties (Section 51)5 See also  9/12/13Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_Protection_Act,_19722/3 6 External links Definitions under the Act (Section 2) animal  includes amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles, and their young, and also includes, in thecases of birds and reptiles, their eggs. animal article  means an article made from any captive or wild animal, other than vermin, and includesan article or object in which the whole or any part of such animal has been used and an article madetherefrom. hunting  includes(a) capturing, killing, poisoning, snaring, or trapping any wild animal, and every attempt to do so(b) driving any wild animal for any of the purposes specified in sub clause(c) injuring, destroying or taking any body part of any such animal, or in the case of wild birds or reptiles,disturbing or damaging the eggs or nests of such birds or reptiles. taxidermy  means the curing, preparation or preservation of trophies. trophy  means the whole or any part of any captive or wild animal (other than vermin) which has beenkept or preserved by any means, whether artificial or natural. This includes:(a) rugs, skins, and specimens of such animals mounted in whole or in part through a process of taxidermy(b) antler, horn, rhinoceros horn, feather, nail, tooth, musk, eggs, and nests. uncured trophy  means the whole or any part of any captive animal (other than vermin) which has notundergone a process of taxidermy. This includes a freshly killed wild animal, ambergris, musk and other animal products. vermin  means any wild animal specified in Schedule V. wildlife includes any animal, bees, butterflies, crustacean, fish and moths; and aquatic or landvegetation which forms part of any habitat Hunting (Section 9) This section describes what constitutes hunting and the intent to hunt. Hunting of wild animals is prohibited. Ownership (Section 40 & 42) Regarding ownership issues and trade licences. Penalties (Section 51) Penalties are prescribed in section 51. Enforcement can be performed by agencies such as the ForestDepartment, the Police, the Customs and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Chargesheets can be fileddirectly by the Forest Department. Other enforcement agencies, often due to the lack of technical expertise,hand over cases to the Forest Department. See also  9/12/13Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_Protection_Act,_19723/3 Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002 External links The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 from the Official website of: Government of India, Ministryof Environment & Forests (http://www.envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife1.html)“Legislations on Environment, Forests, and Wildlife” from the Official website of: Government of India,Ministry of Environment & Forests (http://www.envfor.nic.in/legis/legis.html)Official website of: Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests (http://www.envfor.nic.in/)D UTTA , R  ITWICK  . (2007) Commentaries on Wildlife Law- Cases, Statutes & Notifications (http://wildlifelaw.in/index.html) . Wildlife Trust of India. A commentary on the Wildlife (Protection) Act1972, and includes a compilation of the Supreme Court and High Courts judgements on Wildlife(Protection) Act 1972, Indian Forest Act, 1927, Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and other relevantstatutes.Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_Protection_Act,_1972&oldid=568605575 Categories: Animal rights and welfare legislationWildlife conservation in IndiaIndian federal legislationEnvironmental law in India1972 in the environment1972 in law1972 in IndiaThis page was last modified on 15 August 2013 at 04:06.Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms mayapply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
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